We have already found one concrete way for the IMF to support NEPAD: bring together the people who will make it work—the politicians and officials who can encourage, design, and implement open, poverty-reducing, growth-oriented, and equitable policies—with the technicians who can provide advice, research the evidence, and help to monitor the processes. The discussions in this seminar are also showing what NEPAD can achieve: sharing of ideas; honest appraisal of goals, approaches, and relative successes; and a calling to account for past promises and aspirations.