I am struck by how different these two very interesting papers are, but also by how common the challenges and issues they describe are. For me, the most important issue in these papers is the formulation of the right questions. The questions that arose this morning from Amartya Sen’s presentation and from other speakers on the panel were about equity: what equity means, how it should be measured, and how we can determine the right combination of structural and institutional changes to ensure sustainable and equitable growth.