Revisiting a topic that had been the subject of a largely analytical focus in a 1995 conference, the IMF’s Fiscal Affairs Department on June 8–9, 1998, hosted a conference on “Economic Policy and Equity.” The sessions spotlighted the participants’ perspective and reflected an increasing concern within the IMF on how its policy advice to members could be better designed and implemented to promote and sustain equitable growth. With the participation of academics, labor leaders, and clergy as well as policymakers, the wide-ranging discussions underscored the importance of, and the synergy between, sound policies and good governance for establishing and maintaining an equitable society. The panels also highlighted the increasingly critical role that popular support plays in successfully implementing major reforms.