The process of reforming Chile’s economy has given rise to a change in the role of the state and its interaction with the economic apparatus. All signs indicate that the process is being successfully implemented. In fact, a majority of the Latin American countries are undertaking processes of reform that include some of the aspects of the Chilean case, such as the liberalization of the economy on both the external and the internal fronts, the reduction in the size in the state, and the clarification of its role.