Part One: The Birth of SDRs

Abstract

IMF economists work closely with member countries on a variety of issues. Their unique perspective on country experiences and best practices on global macroeconomic issues are often shared in the form of books on diverse topics such as cross-country comparisons, capacity building, macroeconomic policy, financial integration, and globalization.

The System Under Stress Volume I: Narrative
  • Adekunle, Joseph O.The Demand for Money: Evidence from Developed and Less Developed Economies,Staff Papers, Vol. 15 (1968), pp. 22066: 367

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  • Altman, Oscar L.Euro-Dollars: Some Further Comments,Staff Papers, Vol. 12 (1965), pp. 116: 497

  • Altman, Oscar L.Foreign Markets for Dollars, Sterling, and Other Currencies,Staff Papers, Vol. 8 (1960–61), pp. 31352: 497

  • Altman, Oscar L.The Management of International Liquidity,Staff Papers, Vol. 11 (1964), pp. 21647: 34

  • Altman, Oscar L.Professor Triffin on International Liquidity and the Role of the Fund,Staff Papers, Vol. 8 (1960–61), pp. 15191: 22

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  • Altman, Oscar L.Quotas in the International Monetary Fund,Staff Papers, Vol. 5 (1956–57), pp. 12950: 291

  • Altman, Oscar L.Recent Developments in Foreign Markets for Dollars and Other Currencies,Staff Papers, Vol. 10 (1963), pp. 4896: 497

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  • Annual Report, 19: see International Monetary Fund. Annual Report of the Executive Directors …

  • Annual Report on Exchange Restrictions: see International Monetary Fund

  • Approaches to Greater Flexibility of Exchange Rates: The Bürgenstock Papers, arranged by C. Fred Bergsten, George N. Halm, Fritz Machlup, and Robert V. Roosa, and edited by George N. Halm (Princeton, 1970): 483

  • Argy, Victor.The Impact of Monetary Policy on Expenditure with Particular Reference to the United Kingdom,Staff Papers, Vol. 16 (1969), pp. 43688: 367

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  • Argy, Victor.The Role of Money in Economic Activity: Some Results for 17 Developed Countries,Staff Papers, Vol. 17 (1970), pp. 52762: 367 See also Polak, J. J., and Victor Argy

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  • Armington, Paul S.Adjustment of Trade Balances: Some Experiments with a Model of Trade Among Many Countries,Staff Papers, Vol. 17 (1970), pp. 488526: 537

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  • Armington, Paul S.The Geographic Pattern of Trade and the Effects of Price Changes,Staff Papers, Vol. 16 (1969), pp. 179201: 537

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  • Armington, Paul S.A Theory of Demand for Products Distinguished by Place of Production,Staff Papers, Vol. 16 (1969), pp. 15978: 537

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  • Artus, Jacques R.The Behavior of Export Prices for Manufactures,Staff Papers, Vol. 21 (1974), pp. 583604: 445

  • Artus, Jacques R.The Effect of Revaluation on the Foreign Travel Balance of Germany,Staff Papers, Vol. 17 (1970), pp. 60219: 463

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  • Artus, Jacques R.The 1967 Devaluation of the Pound Sterling,Staff Papers, Vol. 22 (1975), pp. 595640: 445

  • Artus, Jacques R., and Rudolf R. Rhomberg.A Multilateral Exchange Rate Model,Staff Papers, Vol. 20 (1973), pp. 591611: 537

  • Bank for International Settlements. Annual Reports: 497

  • Bell, Geoffrey. The Euro-Dollar Market and the International Financial System (London, 1973): 498

  • Bernstein, Edward M.The Adequacy of United States Gold Reserves,American Economic Review (Papers and Proceedings of the Seventy-Third Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association), Vol. 51 (1961), pp. 43946: 20

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  • Bernstein, Edward M.The Dollar Is the Problem of the International Monetary System,Quarterly Review and Investment Survey, Model, Roland & Co. (New York), Second Quarter, 1971, pp. 112: 246

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  • Bernstein, Edward M.Further Evolution of the International Monetary System,Moorgate and Wall Street (London), Summer 1965, pp. 5170: 54

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  • Bernstein, Edward M. “International Effects of U.S. Economic Policy,” in Employment, Growth and Price Levels, U.S. Congress, Joint Economic Committee (Study Paper No. 16), 86th Cong., 2nd sess. (Washington, 1960): 20

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  • Bernstein, Edward M.A Practical Program for International Monetary Reserves,Quarterly Review and Investment Survey, Model, Roland & Co. (New York), Fourth Quarter, 1963, pp. 18: 53

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  • Bernstein, Edward M.Statement: The Problem of International Monetary Reserves,in International Payments Imbalances and Need for Strengthening International Financial Arrangements, U.S. Congress, Joint Economic Committee, Hearings Before the Subcommittee on International Exchange and Payments, 87th Cong., 1st sess., May 16-June 21, 1961 (Washington, 1961), pp. 10737: 20

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  • Bernstein, Edward M.The U.S. Balance of Payments and International Liquidity” (June 18, 1965), “Changes in the International Monetary System” (October 27, 1964), “Two Reports on International Liquidity” (August 19, 1964), and “The Underdeveloped Countries and Monetary Reserves” (March 24, 1965), in Guidelines for International Monetary Reform, U.S. Congress, Joint Economic Committee, Hearings Before the Subcommittee on International Exchange and Payments, 89th Cong., 1st sess. (Washington, 1965), Part 2, Supplement, pp. 23081: 54

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  • Bhagwat, Avinash, and Yusuke Onitsuka.Export-Import Responses to Devaluation: Experience of the Nonindustrial Countries in the 1960s,Staff Papers, Vol. 21 (1974), pp. 41462: 445

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  • Bhatia, Rattan J.Factors Influencing Changes in Money Supply in BCEAO Countries,Staff Papers, Vol. 18 (1971), pp. 38998: 367

  • Bhatia, Rattan J., Gyorgy Szapary, and Brian Quinn.Stabilization Program in Sierra Leone,Staff Papers, Vol. 16 (1969), pp. 50428: 366

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  • Boissonneault, Lorette. See Polak, J. J., and Lorette Boissonneault

  • Bürgenstock Papers: see Approaches to Greater Flexibility of Exchange Rates

  • Chandavarkar, Anand G.Some Aspects of Interest Rate Policies in Less Developed Economies: The Experience of Selected Asian Countries,Staff Papers, Vol. 18 (1971), pp. 48112: 367

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  • CIAP. See International Monetary Reform and Latin America

  • Day, A. C. L.Memorandum of Evidence,in Principal Memoranda of Evidence, [Radcliffe] Committee on the Working of the Monetary System, Vol. 3 (London, 1960): 20

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  • Day, A. C. L.The World’s Payments System,in International Payments Imbalances and Need for Strengthening International Financial Arrangements, U.S. Congress, Joint Economic Committee, Hearings Before the Subcommittee on International Exchange and Payments, 87th Cong., 1st sess., May 16-June 21, 1961 (Washington, 1961), pp. 32530: 20

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  • Deming, Frederick L. Remarks at the Third International Investment Symposium, U.S. Treasury Department, Press Release, July 14, 1966: 97

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  • Deppler, Michael C.Some Evidence on the Effects of Exchange Rate Changes on Trade,Staff Papers, Vol. 21 (1974), pp. 60536: 445

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  • de Grauwe, Paul.The Development of the Euro-Currency Market,Finance and Development, September 1975, pp. 1416: 499

  • de Vries, Margaret G.Exchange Depreciation in Developing Countries,Staff Papers, Vol. 15 (1968), pp. 56078: 305

  • de Vries, Margaret G.Multiple Exchange Rates: Expectations and Experiences,Staff Papers, Vol. 12 (1965), pp. 282313: 359

  • Elson, R. Anthony. See Teigeiro, José D., and R. Anthony Elson

  • Expert Group on International Monetary Issues (Unctad). International Monetary Issues and the Developing Countries (New York, 1965, UN document TD/B/32 and TD/B/C.3/6): 83, 197

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  • Fleming, J. Marcus.Effects of Various Types of Fund Reserve Creation on Fund Liquidity,Staff Papers, Vol. 12 (1965), pp. 16388: 51

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  • Fleming, J. Marcus.The Fund and International Liquidity,Staff Papers, Vol. 11 (1964), pp. 177215: 34

  • Fleming, J. Marcus. Guidelines for Balance-of-Payments Adjustment Under the Par-Value System, Essays in International Finance, No. 67 (Princeton, 1968); reprinted in his Essays in International Economics (London and Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1971), pp. 26895: 501

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  • Fleming, J. Marcus.International Liquidity: Ends and Means,Staff Papers, Vol. 8 (1960–61), pp. 43963: 23

  • Fleming, J. Marcus.The SDR: Some Problems and Possibilities,Staff Papers, Vol. 18 (1971), pp. 2547: 246

  • Fleming, J. Marcus.Use and Acceptance of Reserve Claims,Staff Papers, Vol. 13 (1966), pp. 44352: 94

  • Fowler, Henry H. Speech to Virginia State Bar Association, July 10, 1965, U.S. Treasury Department, Press Release, July 11, 1965, and International Financial News Survey, Vol. 17 (1965), p. 251: 63

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  • Giscard d’Estaing, Valéry. “La politique monétaire internationale de la France,” in Exposés de M. Valéry Giscard d’Estaing, Ministre des Finances et des Affaires Economiques, sur les problèmes monétaires internationaux (Paris, 1965), in Les problèmes monétaires internationaux (Paris, 1965), and in Problèmes Economiques, August 1965: 54

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  • Gold, Joseph.The Amendments,” in History, 1945–1965, Vol. II, Chap. 27: 166

  • Gold, Joseph. Floating Currencies, Gold, and SDRs: Some Recent Legal Developments, IMF Pamphlet Series, No. 19 (Washington, 1976): 533

  • Gold, Joseph. The Fund’s Concepts of Convertibility, IMF Pamphlet Series, No. 14 (Washington, 1971): 168

  • Gold, Joseph.Legal Technique in the Creation of a New International Reserve Asset: Special Drawing Rights and the Amendment of the Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund,Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, Vol. 1 (Cleveland, 1969), pp. 10523: 152

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  • Gold, Joseph.The Next Stage in the Development of International Monetary Law: The Deliberate Control of Liquidity,American Journal of International Law, Vol. 62 (Washington, 1968), pp. 365402: 161, 166

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  • Gold, Joseph. The Reform of the Fund, IMF Pamphlet Series, No. 12 (Washington, 1969): 166, 253

  • Gold, Joseph. Special Drawing Rights: Character and Use, IMF Pamphlet Series, No. 13, 2nd ed. (Washington, 1970): 166, 178, 188

  • Gold, Joseph. Special Drawing Rights: The Role of Language, IMF Pamphlet Series, No. 15 (Washington, 1971): 153, 154, 166

  • Gold, Joseph. Stand-By Arrangements The Stand-By Arrangements of the International Monetary Fund: A Commentary on Their Formal, Legal, and Financial Aspects (Washington, 1970): 25, 263, 317, 347, 379

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  • Gold, Joseph. Voting and Decisions Voting and Decisions in the International Monetary Fund: An Essay on the Law and Practice of the Fund (Washington, 1972): 616, 621, 625, 631, 632

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  • Group of Seventy-Seven. The Declaration and Principles of the Action Programme of Lima, adopted by the Group of Seventy-Seven at the Second Ministerial Meeting on November 7, 1971: 618

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  • Group of Ten. Communiqué of the Ministers and Governors of the “Group of Ten.” Issued on September 28, 1965, Summary Proceedings, 1965, p. 281: 72

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  • Group of Ten. Communiqué of Ministers and Governors and Report of Deputies ([Frankfurt], 1966): 96, 98

  • Group of Ten. Communiqué of the Ministers and Central Bank Governors of the Group of Ten, July 18, 1967, International Financial News Survey, Vol. 19 (1967), p. 229: 157

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  • Group of Ten. Communiqué of the Ministers and Central Bank Governors of the Group of Ten, December 18, 1971, International Financial News Survey, Vol. 23 (1971), pp. 41718: 554

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  • Group of Ten. Ministerial Statement of the Group of Ten and Annex Prepared by Deputies ([Washington], 1964): 36

  • Group of Ten. Report of the Study Group on the Creation of Reserve Assets (Washington, 1965): 59

  • Group of Ten. Statement Issued on October 2, 1963 by the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States on Behalf of the “Group of 10” Members of the Fund, Summary Proceedings, 1963, pp. 28586: 29

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  • Guenther, Jack D. ‘Indexing’ Versus Discretionary Action—Brazil’s Fight Against Inflation,Finance and Development, September 1975, pp. 2529: 363

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  • Habermeier, Walter. Operations and Transactions in SDRs: The First Basic Period, IMF Pamphlet Series, No. 17 (Washington, 1973): 244

  • Hirsch, Fred.SDRs and the Working of the Gold Exchange Standard,Staff Papers, Vol. 18 (1971), pp. 22153: 246

  • Hodjera, Zoran.International Short-Term Capital Movements: A Survey of Theory and Empirical Analysis,Staff Papers, Vol. 20 (1973), pp. 683740: 499

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  • History, 1945–65 The International Monetary Fund, 1945–1965: Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation (Washington, 1969). Vol. I, Chronicle, by J. Keith Horsefield: 4, 11, 12, 14, 15, 17, 21, 33, 143, 168, 313, 343, 385, 432, 578, 588, 593, 603, 606, 621, 626, 633, 636, 650; Vol. II, Analysis, by Margaret G. de Vries and J. Keith Horsefield with the collaboration of Joseph Gold, Mary H. Gumbart, Gertrud Lovasy, and Emil G. Spitzer and edited by J. Keith Horsefield: 4, 166, 167, 168, 253, 262, 284, 313, 317, 343, 409, 432, 439, 473, 477, 576, 607, 616, 626, 632, 636, 640; Vol. III, Documents, edited by J. Keith Horsefield: 4, 11, 12, 19, 33, 188, 262, 313, 382, 423, 603

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  • An International Development Strategy for the Second United Nations Development Decade (New York, 1970, UN document A/C.2/L.1104/Rev. 1): 245

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  • International Monetary Fund. “The Adequacy of Monetary Reserves,Staff Papers, Vol. III (1953–54), pp. 181227, and History, 1945–65, Vol. III, pp. 31148: 11

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  • International Monetary Fund. Annual Report of the Executive Directors for the Fiscal Year Ended April 30, 1961–1972 (Washington, 1961–1972): 1961, 16; 1963, 26, 27; 1964, 34, 35, 41, 46; 1965, 43, 46, 53, 72; 1966, 82, 88, 95; 1967, 139, 204; 1969, 220, 497; 1970, 491, 497; 1971, 419, 497, 520; 1972, 564

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  • International Monetary Fund. Annual Report on Exchange Restrictions, 1972 (Washington, 1972): 575

  • International Monetary Fund. International Financial News Survey: 96, 153, 529, 603 See also references listed by author

  • International Monetary Fund. Establishment of a Facility Based on Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund and Modifications in the Rules and Practices of the Fund: A Report by the Executive Directors to the Board of Governors Proposing Amendment of the Articles of Agreement (Washington, April 1968): 175, 204

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  • International Monetary Fund. International Reserves and Liquidity (Washington, 1958): 12.

  • International Monetary Fund. Press Release No. 853, August 20, 1971: 533

  • International Monetary Fund. The Problem of Stabilization of Prices of Primary Products: A Joint Staff Study (Part I), International Monetary Fund and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development; Report of the Executive Directors [and] Scope for Action by the Fund (Part II of a Staff Study), International Monetary Fund (Washington, 1969, 2 vols.): 273, 274, 279, 280

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  • International Monetary Fund. A Report to the Board of Governors of the International Monetary Fund Containing the Managing Director’s Proposal on the Allocation of Special Drawing Rights for the First Basic Period (Washington, 1969): 220

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  • International Monetary Fund. The Role of Exchange Rates in the Adjustment of International Payments (Washington, 1970): 484, 512

  • International Monetary Fund. Special Drawing Account: Manual of Procedures [for] Operations and Transactions in Special Drawing Rights (Washington, 1970); and Supplement No. 1, Principles and Procedures for Reconstitution (Washington, 1971); and Revised Supplement No. 1, Principles and Procedures for Reconstitution (Washington, 1973): 231

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  • International Monetary Fund. Staff Papers: see various articles listed by author

  • International Monetary Fund. Summary Proceedings of the … Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors, 19(Washington, 19—): 1960, 16; 1961, 16, 21; 1962, 22, 23, 24; 1963, 26, 28, 29, 30, 31; 1964, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 255; 1965, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 81, 255; 1966, 102, 103, 271, 593; 1967, 159, 173, 270, 271, 272, 273, 594; 1968, 175, 176, 278, 285, 348, 377, 406, 407, 408, 411, 484, 594; 1969, 177, 178, 187, 189, 212, 219, 220, 267, 281, 282, 285, 294, 304, 409, 417, 459, 503, 504, 594; 1970, 245, 267, 282, 416, 426, 491, 514, 515, 578, 601, 625, 631; 1971, 244, 246, 267, 426, 427, 546, 547, 601, 651

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  • International Reserves: Needs and Availability, Papers and Proceedings of a Seminar at the International Monetary Fund (Washington, 1970): 87, 214, 221

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  • International Monetary Reform and Latin America, report to Inter-American Committee on the Alliance for Progress (ciap), 1966: 85, 198

  • Jacobsson, Per.Fund Report at ECOSOC,International Financial News Survey, Vol. 13 (1961), pp. 12127: 21

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  • Jones, Edgar.The Fund and the GATT,Finance and Development, September 1972, pp. 3033: 607

  • Junz, Helen B., and Rudolf R. Rhomberg,Price Competitiveness in Export Trade Among Industrial Countries,American Economic Review (Papers and Proceedings of the Eighty-Fifth Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association), Vol. 63 (1973), pp. 41218: 445

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  • Khatkhate, Deena R.Analytic Basis of the Working of Monetary Policy in Less Developed Countries,Staff Papers, Vol. 19 (1972), pp. 53358: 368

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  • Machlup, Fritz. Plans for Reform of the International Monetary System, Special Papers in International Economics, No. 3 (Princeton, 1962): 21

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  • Machlup, Fritz. Remaking the International Monetary System: The Rio Agreement and Beyond, Committee for Economic Development, Supplementary Paper No. 24 (Baltimore, 1968): 155

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  • Machlup, Fritz, and Burton G. Malkiel, eds. International Monetary Arrangements—The Problem of Choice: Report on the Deliberations of an International Study Group of 32 Economists (Princeton, 1964): 29, 38

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  • Morgan Guaranty Trust Company, World Financial Markets: 497

  • Le Monde, Paris, February 6 and 13, 1965: 61

  • Onitsuke, Yusuke. See Bhagwat, Avinash, and Yusuke Onitsuke

  • Park, Yung Chul. “Some Current Issues on the Transmission Process of Monetary Policy,Staff Papers, Vol. 19 (1972), pp. 145: 368

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  • Park, Yung Chul. “The Variability of Velocity: An International Comparison,Staff Papers, Vol. 17 (1970), pp. 62037: 367

  • Partners in Development, Report of the Commission on International Development (New York, 1969), p. 220: 613

  • Polak, J. J.Monetary Analysis of Income Formation and Payments Problems,Staff Papers, Vol. 6 (1957–58), pp. 150: 366

  • Polak, J. J.. “The Report of the International Monetary Fund,American Economic Review (Papers and Proceedings of the Seventy-Seventh Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association), Vol. 55 (1965), pp. 15865: 61

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  • Polak, J. J.. Some Reflections on the Nature of Special Drawing Rights, IMF Pamphlet Series, No. 16 (Washington, 1971): 178

  • Polak, J. J., and Victor Argy. “Credit Policy and the Balance of Payments,Staff Papers, Vol. 18 (1971), pp. 124: 366

  • Polak, J. J., and Lorette Boissonneault. “Monetary Analysis of Income and Imports and Its Statistical Application,Staff Papers, Vol. 7 (1959–60), pp. 349415: 366

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  • Posthuma, S.The International Monetary System,Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (Rome), September 1963, pp. 23961: 53

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  • Questions and Answers on the International Monetary Fund (June 10, 1944), History, 1945–64, Vol. III, pp. 13682: 188

  • Quinn, Brian. See Bhatia, Rattan J., Gyorgy Szapary, and Brian Quinn

  • [Radcliffe] Committee on the Working of the Monetary System, Report (London, Cmnd. 827, 1959), pp. 241 and 24748: 20

  • Rhomberg, Rudolf R. See Artus, Jacques R., and Rudolf R. Rhomberg; Junz, Helen B., and Rudolf R. Rhomberg

  • Robichek, E. Walter, and Carlos E. Sansón. “The Balance of Payments Performance of Latin America and the Caribbean, 1966–70,Staff Papers, Vol. 19 (1972), pp. 286343: 367

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  • Roosa, Robert V. Monetary Reform for the World Economy, The Elihu Root Lectures, 1964–65 (New York, 1965): 54

  • Sakakibara, Eisuke. “The Euro-Currency Market in Perspective,Finance and Development, September 1975, pp. 1113: 498

  • Sansón, Carlos E. See Robichek, E. Walter, and Carlos E. Sansón

  • Schweitzer, Pierre-Paul. Speech, Ecosoc, February 24, 1966, International Financial News Survey, Vol. 18 (1966), Supplement, pp. 6568: 90

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  • Schweitzer, Pierre-Paul. Speech, Federation of German Industries, April 25, 1966, International Financial News Survey, Vol. 18 (1966), Supplement, pp. 14144: 90, 91

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  • Schweitzer, Pierre-Paul. Speech, Institut d’Etudes Bancaires et Financières, June 2, 1965, International Financial News Survey, Vol. 17 (1965), Supplement, pp. 20916: 64

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  • Schweitzer, Pierre-Paul. Speech, National Foreign Trade Convention, November 16, 1964, International Financial News Survey, Vol. 16 (1964), pp. 44145: 45, 46

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  • Schweitzer, Pierre-Paul. Speech, University School of Economies, Bombay University, September 29, 1964, International Financial News Survey, Vol. 16 (1964), Supplement, pp. 36164: 45

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  • Shonfield, Andrew, ed. International Economic Relations of the Western World, 1959–1971, Vol. 2International Monetary Relations, by Susan Strange (London, 1976), Chap. 6: 498

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  • Southard, Frank A., Jr. Speech, Jno. E. Owens Memorial Foundation, March 27, 1964, International Financial News Survey, Vol. 16 (1964), Supplement, pp. 11316: 44

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  • Staff Papers, International Monetary Fund (Washington): see various articles listed by author

  • Stamp, Maxwell. “Changes in the World’s Payments System,Moorgate and Wall Street (London), Spring 1961, pp. 322: 19

  • Stamp, Maxwell. “The Fund and the Future,Lloyds Bank Review (London), October 1958, pp. 120: 19

  • Stamp, Maxwell. “The Stamp Plan—1962 Version,Moorgate and Wall Street (London), Autumn 1962, pp. 517: 19

  • Summary Proceedings: see International Monetary Fund

  • Szapary, Gyorgy. See Bhatia, Rattan J., Gyorgy Szapary, and Brian Quinn

  • Teigeiro, José D., and R. Anthony Elson. “The Export Promotion System and the Growth of Minor Exports in Colombia,Staff Papers, Vol. 20 (1973), pp. 41970: 359

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  • Triffin, Robert. “An Agreed International Monetary Standard,Annals of International Studies, Alumni Association of the Graduate Institute of International Studies (Geneva, 1970), pp. 21423: 246

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  • Triffin, Robert. “Altman on Triffin: A Rebuttal,Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (Rome), March 1961, pp. 3150: 22

  • Triffin, Robert. “A Brief for the Defense,Staff Papers, Vol. 8 (1960–61), pp. 19294: 22

  • Triffin, Robert. Gold and the Dollar Crisis: The Future of Convertibility (New Haven, 1960): 17

  • Triffin, Robert. “The Return to Convertibility: 1926–1931 and 1958—? or, Convertibility and the Morning After,Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (Rome), March 1959, pp. 357: 17

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  • Triffin, Robert. “Statement,in Employment, Growth and Price Levels, U.S. Congress, Joint Economic Committee, Hearings, 86th Cong., 1st sess., October 26–30, 1959 (Washington, 1959), Part 9A, pp. 290554: 17

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  • Triffin, Robert. “Tomorrow’s Convertibility: Aims and Means of International Monetary Policy,Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (Rome), June 1959, pp. 131200: 17

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  • United Nations. Document A/C.2/270 (1971): 618

  • United Nations. Document A/C.2/L.1104/Rev. 1 (1970): 245

  • United Nations. Document TD/11/RES/19 (1968): 273

  • United Nations. Document TD/143 (1971): 618

  • United Nations. Document TD/B/32 (1965): 83, 197

  • United Nations. Document TD/B/75 (1966): 85

  • United Nations. Document TD/B/C.3/6 (1965): 83, 197

  • United Nations. General Assembly Resolution (International Monetary Reform) 2208 (XXI), December 17, 1966: 84

  • United Nations. A Study of the Capacity of the United Nations Development System (Geneva, 1969), 2 vols.: 605

  • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (Unctad). Proceedings of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Volume I: Final Act and Report (New York, 1964): 617 See also Expert Group on International Monetary Issues; Group of Seventy-Seven; and United Nations. Documents

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  • U.S. Commission on International Trade and Investment Policy, United States International Economic Policy in an Interdependent World: Report to the President (Washington, 1971): 529, 537

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  • U.S. Congress, Joint Economic Committee. Action Now to Strengthen the U.S. Dollar: Report of the Subcommittee on International Exchange and Payments, 92nd Cong., 1st sess. (Washington, 1971): 528, 537 See also Bernstein, Edward M., Day, A. C. L., and Triffin, Robert

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  • U.S. Department of Commerce. News, May 17, 1971: 527

  • U.S. Department of State. Department of State Bulletin, Vol. 49 (1963) and Vol. 59 (1968): 26, 187

  • The World Bank Since Bretton Woods, by Edward S. Mason and Robert E. Asher (Washington, 1973), Chap. 16: 615

  • World Monetary Reform: Plans and Issues, Herbert G. Grubel, ed. (Stanford, 1963): 21, 22

  • “Zehner-Gruppe und Reform des Weltwàhrungssys-tems,” Auszüge aus Presseartikeln, Deutsche Bundesbank, January 26, 1966, pp. 16: 81

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