The discussion of Article XI, Section 1, and of premium gold transactions has dealt with two examples of the technique of acting through members in order to affect non-members and thus mitigate the possibly disturbing consequences of the fact that non-members are not bound by the obligations of the Articles. A similar result has been sought by a different technique, one by which obligations comparable to those of members are imposed on non-members under another multilateral international agreement as an alternative to the assumption of the obligations of membership in the Fund. This refers to the “special exchange agreement,” which is prescribed under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). The special exchange agreement is an unusually interesting legal phenomenon and many of its features are probably unique.