Back Matter

Back Matter

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Published Date:
October 2013
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      DruilheZoé and JesúsBarreiro-Hurlé2012Fertilizer Subsidies in Sub-Saharan Africa,ESA Working Paper No. 12–04 (Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization).

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      DrummondPaulo and EstelleXue Liu (forthcoming) “Africa’s Rising Exposure to China: How Large Are Spillovers Through Trade?IMF Working Paper (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

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      Fonds monétaire international2012aPerspectives économiques régionales: Afrique subsaharienne (Washingtonoctobre).

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      Fonds monétaire international2012c2012 Nigeria Article IV Consultation Staff Report” (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

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      KoeberleStefanJanWalliser and ZoranStavreski2006Budget Support as More Effective Aid? Recent Experiences and Emerging Lessons (Washington: World Bank).

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      RobinsonDavidMatthewGaertner and ChrisPapageorgiou2011Tanzania: Growth Acceleration and Increased Public Spending with Macroeconomic Stability,in Yes Africa Caned. by PunanChuhan-Pole and MankaAngwafo (Washington: World Bank) p. 2149.

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      SangaDimitri2013The Challenges of the Narrative of African Countries’ Development: Data Demand and Supply Mismatches,unpublished (Addis Ababa: United Nations Economic Commission for Africa).

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      Ter-MinassianTeresaRichardHughes and AlejandroHajdenberg2008Creating Sustainable Fiscal Space for Infrastructure: The Case of Tanzania,Working Paper 08/256 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

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      YoungAlwyn2012The African Growth Miracle,NBER Working Paper No. 18490 (Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research). Disponible sur le site:

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    Publications du Département Afrique du FMI, 2009–13

    Livres et Monographies


    • Boom, Bust, or Prosperity? Managing Sub-Saharan Africa’s Natural Resource Wealth
    • Lundgren, Charlotte J., Alun H. Thomas et Robert C. York


    • Oil Wealth in Central Africa: Policies for Inclusive Growth
    • Coorey, Sharmini et Bernardin Akitoby


    • The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Sub-Saharan Africa
    • Département Afrique


    • Tanzania: The Story of an African Transition
    • Nord, Roger, Yuri Sobolev, David Dunn, Alejandro Hajdenberg, Niko Hobdari, Samar Maziad et Stéphane Roudet

    Documents du Département Afrique


    • Banking in Sub-Saharan Africa The Macroeconomic Context
    • Mlachila, Montfort, Seok Gil Park et Masafumi Yabara


    • Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: Experiences and Lessons
    • Alleyne, Trevor


    • Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment: Options for Swaziland
    • Basdevant, Olivier, Emily Forrest et Borislava Mircheva


    • Macroeconomic Vulnerabilities Stemming from the Global Economic Crisis: The Case of Swaziland
    • Basdevant, Olivier, Chikako Baba et Borislava Mircheva


    • What Do Fast Job Creators Look Like? Some Stylized Facts and Perspectives on South Africa
    • Zhan, Zaijin


    • South Africa: Macro Policy Mix and Its Effects on Growth and the Real Exchange Rate—Empirical Evidence and GIMF Simulations
    • Canales-Kriljenko, Jorge Iván


    • Measuring the Potential Output of South Africa
    • Klein, Nir


    • In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis: Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland
    • Mongardini, Joannes, Dalmacio Benicio, Thomson Fontaine, Gonzalo C. Pastor et Geneviève Verdier


    • Zimbabwe: Challenges and Policy Options after Hyperinflation
    • Kramarenko, Vitaliy, Lars H. Engstrom,
    • Geneviève Verdier, Gilda Fernandez, Stefan E. Oppers,
    • Richard Hughes, James McHugh et Warren L. Coats


    • Expenditure Composition and Economic Developments in Benin
    • Pani, Marco et Mohamed El Harrak


    • Wage Policy and Fiscal Sustainability in Benin
    • Lundgren, Charlotte J.


    • The Global Financial Crisis and Adjustments to Shocks in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda: A Balance Sheet Analysis Perspective
    • Masha, Iyabo


    • Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Exchange Rates and Policies in Sub-Saharan Africa
    • Ben Ltaifa, Nabil, Stella Kaendera et Shiv Dixit


    • Spillover Effects and the East African Community: Explaining the Slowdown and the Recovery
    • Drummond, Paulo et Gustavo Ramirez


    • Foreign Exchange Reserve Adequacy in East African Community Countries
    • Drummond, Paulo, Aristide Mrema, Stéphane Roudet et Mika Saito

    Notes de Réflexion des Services du FMI


    • Economic Diversification in LICs: Stylized Facts and Macroeconomic Implications
    • Papageorgiou, Chris et Nicola Spatafora

    Notes de Synthèse des Services du FMI


    • The International Financial Crisis and Global Recession: Impact on the CEMAC Region and Policy Considerations
    • Wakeman-Linn, John, Rafael A. Portillo, Plamen Iossifov et Dimitre Milkov


    • The Global Financial Crisis: Impact on WAEMU Member Countries and Policy Options
    • Mueller, Johannes, Irene Yackovlev et Hans Weisfeld


    • The Southern African Development Community’s Macroeconomic Convergence Program: Initial Performance
    • Burgess, Robert


    • Fiscal Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa in Response to the Impact of the Global Crisis
    • Berg, Andrew, Norbert Funke, Alejandro Hajdenberg, Victor Duarte Lledo, Rolando Ossowski, Martin Schindler, Antonio Spilimbergo, Shamsuddin Tareq et Irene Yackovlev

    Documents de Travail


    • Africa’s Got Work to Do: Employment Prospects in the New Century
    • Fox, Louise, Cleary Haines, Jorge Huerta Muñoz et Alun Thomas


    • Resource Dependence and Fiscal Effort in Sub-Saharan Africa
    • Thomas, Alun et Juan P. Treviño


    • Benchmarking Structural Transformation Across the World
    • Dabla-Norris, Era, Alun H. Thomas, Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu et Yingyuan Chen


    • Tax Administration Reform in the Francophone Countries of Sub-Saharan Africa
    • Fossat, Patrick et Michel Bua


    • Financial Depth in the WAEMU: Benchmarking Against Frontier SSA Countries
    • Ahokpossi, Calixte, Kareem Ismail, Sudipto Karmakar et Mesmin Koulet-Vickot


    • Investing Volatile Oil Revenues in Capital-Scarce Economies: An Application to Angola
    • Richmond, Christine, Irene Yackovlev et Shu-Chun Yang


    • Fiscal Sustainability, Public Investment, and Growth in Natural Resource-Rich, Low-Income Countries: The Case of Cameroon
    • Samaké, Issouf, Priscilla Muthoora et Bruno Versailles


    • Inclusive Growth: An Application of the Social Opportunity Function to Selected African Countries
    • Adedeji, Olumuyiwa, Huancheng Du et Maxwell Opoku-Afari


    • Inclusive Growth and the Incidence of Fiscal Policy in Mauritius — Much Progress, But More Could be Done
    • David, Antonio et Martin Petri


    • The Quality of the Recent High-Growth Episode in Sub-Saharan Africa
    • Mlachila, Montfort et Marcelo Martinez


    • Benchmarking Banking Sector Efficiency Across Regional Blocks in Sub-Saharan Africa: What Room for Policy?
    • Boutin-Dufresne, Francois, Santiago Peña, Oral Williams et Tomasz A. Zawisza


    • Monetary Transmission Mechanism in the East African Community: An Empirical Investigation
    • Davoodi, Hamid, Shiv Dixit et Gabor Pinter


    • Determinants of Bank Interest Margins in Sub-Saharan Africa
    • Ahokpossi, Calixte


    • Exchange Rate Liberalization in Selected Sub-Saharan African Countries: Successes, Failures, and Lessons
    • Mæhle, Nils, Haimanot Teferra et Armine Khachatryan


    • Inward and Outward Spillovers in the SACU Area
    • Canales-Kriljenko, Jorge Iván, Farayi Gwenhamo et Saji Thomas


    • Bond Markets in Africa
    • Mu, Yibin, Peter Phelps et Janet Stotsky


    • Inequalities and Growth in the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) Region
    • Basdevant, Olivier, Dalmacio Benicio et Yorbol Yakhshilikov


    • Striking an Appropriate Balance Among Public Investment, Growth, and Debt Sustainability in Cape Verde
    • Mu, Yibin


    • The East African Community: Prospects for Sustained Growth
    • McAuliffe, Catherine, Sweta Saxena et Masafumi Yabara


    • Financing Growth in the WAEMU through the Regional Securities Market: Past Successes and Current Challenges
    • Diouf, Mame Astou et Francois Boutin-Dufresne


    • Exchange Rate and Foreign Interest Rate Linkages for Sub-Saharan Africa Floaters
    • Thomas, Alun


    • A Financial Conditions Index for South Africa
    • Gumata, Nombulelo, Nir Klein et Eliphas Ndou


    • Estimating the Implicit Inflation Target of the South African Reserve Bank
    • Klein, Nir


    • Monetization in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
    • McLoughlin, Cameron et Noriaki Kinoshita


    • The Relationship between the Foreign Exchange Regime and Macroeconomic Performance in Eastern Africa
    • Stotsky, Janet Gale, Manuk Ghazanchyan, Olumuyiwa Adedeji et Nils O. Maehle


    • Exchange Rate Pass-Through in Sub-Saharan African Economies and its Determinants
    • Razafimahefa, Ivohasina Fizara


    • Welfare Effects of Monetary Integration: The Common Monetary Area and Beyond
    • Asonuma, Tamon, Xavier Debrun et Paul R. Masson


    • As You Sow So Shall You Reap: Public Investment Surges, Growth, and Debt Sustainability in Togo
    • Andrle, Michal, Antonio David, Raphael A. Espinoza, Marshall Mills et Luis-Felipe Zanna


    • Tracking Short-Term Dynamics of Economic Activity in Low-Income Countries in the Absence of High-Frequency GDP Data
    • Opoku-Afari, Maxwell et Shiv Dixit


    • Mobilizing Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa: Empirical Norms and Key Determinants
    • Drummond, Paulo, Wendell Daal, Nandini Srivastava et Luiz E. Oliveira


    • Monetary Policy in Low-Income Countries in the Face of the Global Crisis: The Case of Zambia
    • Baldini, Alfredo, Jaromir Benes, Andrew Berg, Mai Dao et Rafael Portillo


    • Fiscal Policies and Rules in the Face of Revenue Volatility Within Southern Africa Customs Union Countries (SACU)
    • Basdevant, Olivier


    • Real Wage, Labor Productivity, and Employment Trends in South Africa: A Closer Look
    • Klein, Nir


    • Exchange Rate Volatility Under Peg: Do Trade Patterns Matter?
    • Lonkeng Ngouana, Constant


    • Assessing Bank Competition within the East African Community
    • Sanya, Sarah et Matthew Gaertner


    • Prudential Liquidity Regulation in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Rwanda
    • Sanya, Sarah, Wayne Mitchell et Angelique Kantengwa


    • Capital Market Integration: Progress Ahead of the East African Community Monetary Union
    • Yabara, Masafumi


    • International Reserves in Low-Income Countries: Have They Served as Buffers?
    • Cripolti, Valerio et George Tsibouris


    • Inflation Differentials in the GCC: Does the Oil Cycle Matter?
    • Mohaddes, Kamiar et Oral Williams


    • Effectiveness of Capital Controls in Selected Emerging Markets in the 2000s
    • Baba, Chikako et Annamaria Kokenyne


    • How Costly Are Debt Crises?
    • Furceri, Davide et Aleksandra Zdzienicka


    • Monetary Policy Transmission in Ghana: Does the Interest Rate Channel Work?
    • Kovanen, Arto


    • Does Money Matter for Inflation in Ghana?
    • Kovanen, Arto


    • On the Stability of Monetary Demand in Ghana: A Bounds Testing Approach
    • Dagher, Jihad et Arto Kovanen


    • Oil-Price Boom and Real Exchange Rate Appreciation: Is There Dutch Disease in the CEMAC?
    • Treviño, Juan Pedro


    • The Design of Fiscal Adjustment Strategies in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland
    • Basdevant, Olivier, Dalmacio Benicio, Borislava Mircheva, Joannes Mongardini, Geneviève Verdier, Susan Yang et Luis-Felipe Zanna


    • Do Remittances Reduce Aid Dependency?
    • Kpodar, Kangni et Maelan Le Goff


    • Determinants of Non-oil Growth in the CFA-Zone Oil Producing Countries: How Do They Differ?
    • Tabova, Alexandra et Carol L. Baker


    • Inflation Dynamics in the CEMAC Region
    • Caceres, Carlos, Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro et Darlena Tartari


    • External Sustainability of Oil-Producing Sub-Saharan African Countries
    • Takebe, Misa et Robert C. York


    • The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policies in the CEMAC Region
    • Mpatswe, Gaston K., Sampawende J. Tapsoba et Robert C. York


    • South Africa: The Cyclical Behavior of the Markups and Its Implications for Monetary Policy
    • Klein, Nir


    • Burkina Faso—Policies to Protect the Poor from the Impact of Food and Energy Price Increases
    • Arze del Granado, Javier et Isabell Adenauer


    • De Jure versus De Facto Exchange Rate Regimes in Sub-Saharan Africa
    • Slavov, Slavi T.


    • Financial Deepening, Property Rights and Poverty: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa
    • Singh, Raju Jan et Yifei Huang


    • FDI from BRICs to LICs: Emerging Growth Driver?
    • Mlachila, Montfort et Misa Takebe


    • Determinants of Interest Rate Pass-Through: Do Macroeconomic Conditions and Financial Market Structure Matter?
    • Gigineishvili, Nikoloz


    • The Quest for Higher Growth in the WAEMU Region: The Role of Accelerations and Decelerations
    • Kinda, Tidiane et Montfort Mlachila


    • Fiscal Policy Implementation in Sub-Saharan Africa
    • Lledo, Victor Duarte et Marcos Poplawski Ribeiro


    • Post-Conflict Recovery: Institutions, Aid, or Luck?
    • David, Antonio, Fabiano Rodrigues Bastos et Marshall Mills


    • Ghana: Will It Be Gifted, or Will It Be Cursed?
    • Aydin, Burcu


    • Oil Spill(over)s: Linkages in Petroleum Product Pricing Policies in West African Countries
    • David, Antonio, Mohamed El Harrak, Marshall Mills et Lorraine Ocampos


    • Feeling the Elephant’s Weight: The Impact of Côte d’Ivoire’s Crisis on WAEMU Trade
    • Egoumé-Bossogo, Philippe et Ankouvi Nayo


    • ICT, Financial Inclusion, and Growth Evidence from African Countries
    • Andrianaivo, Mihasonirina et Kangni Kpodar


    • Fiscal Sustainability and the Fiscal Reaction Function for South Africa
    • Burger, Philippe, Alfredo Cuevas, Ian Stuart et Charl Jooste


    • Reviving the Competitive Storage Model: A Holistic Approach to Food Commodity Prices
    • Miao, Yanliang, Weifeng Wu et Norbert Funke


    • Inflation Uncertainty and Relative Price Variability in WAEMU
    • Fernandez Valdovinos, Carlos et Kerstin Gerling


    • Modeling Inflation in Chad
    • Kinda, Tidiane


    • Fiscal Expectations under the Stability and Growth Pact: Evidence from Survey Data
    • Poplawski-Ribeiro, Marcos et Jan-Christoph Rulke


    • Growth in Africa under Peace and Market Reforms
    • Korbut, Olessia, Gonzalo Salinas et Cheikh A. Gueye


    • Feeling the Elephant’s Weight: The Impact of Côte d’Ivoire’s Crisis on WAEMU Trade
    • Egoumé-Bossogo, Philippe et Nayo Ankouvi


    • Capital Flows, Exchange Rate Flexibility, and the Real Exchange Rate
    • Kinda, Tidiane, Jean-Louis Combes et Patrick Plane


    • Weathering the Global Storm: The Benefits of Monetary Policy Reform in the LA5 Countries
    • Canales-Kriljenko, Jorge Iván, Luis Ignacio Jácome, Ali Alichi et Ivan Luis de Oliveira Lima


    • Export Tax and Pricing Power: Two Hypotheses on the Cocoa Market in Côte d’Ivoire
    • Kireyev, Alexei


    • What Can International Cricket Teach Us About the Role of Luck in Labor Markets?
    • Aiyar, Shekhar et Rodney Ramcharan


    • Performance of Fiscal Accounts in South Africa in a Cross-Country Setting
    • Aydin, Burcu


    • Cyclicality of Revenue and Structural Balances in South Africa
    • Aydin, Burcu


    • Mother, Can I Trust the Government? Sustained Financial Deepening—A Political Institutions View
    • Quintyn, Marc et Geneviève Verdier


    • Islamic Banking: How Has It Diffused?
    • Imam, Patrick A. et Kangni Kpodar


    • A Macro Model of the Credit Channel in a Currency Union Member: The Case of Benin
    • Samaké, Issouf


    • How Do International Financial Flows to Developing Countries Respond to Natural Disasters?
    • David, Antonio


    • Exchange Rate Assessment for Sub-Saharan Economies
    • Aydin, Burcu


    • Balance Sheet Vulnerabilities of Mauritius during a Decade of Shocks
    • Imam, Patrick A. et Rainer Koehler


    • Beyond Aid: How Much Should African Countries Pay to Borrow?
    • Gueye, Cheikh A. et Amadou N.R. Sy


    • Banking Efficiency and Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa
    • Kablan, Sandrine


    • FDI Flows to Low-Income Countries: Global Drivers and Growth Implications
    • Dabla-Norris, Era, Jiro Honda, Amina Lahrèche-Révil et Geneviève Verdier


    • The Linkage between the Oil and Nonoil Sectors—A Panel VAR Approach
    • Klein, Nir


    • Short- versus Long-Term Credit and Economic Performance: Evidence from the WAEMU
    • Kpodar, Kangni et Kodzo Gbenyo


    • Budget Institutions and Fiscal Performance in Low-Income Countries
    • Dabla-Norris, Era, Richard Allen, Luis-Felipe Zanna, Tej Prakash, Eteri Kvintradze, Victor Duarte Lledo, Irene Yackovlev et Sophia Gollwitzer


    • ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low-and Lower-Middle-Income Countries
    • Haacker, Markus


    • The Real Exchange Rate and Growth Revisited: The Washington Consensus Strikes Back?
    • Berg, Andrew et Yanliang Miao


    • Firm Productivity, Innovation, and Financial Development
    • Dabla-Norris, Era, Eramus Kersting et Geneviève Verdier


    • Cyclical Patterns of Government Expenditures in Sub-Saharan Africa: Facts and Factors
    • Lledo, Victor, Irene Yackovlev et Lucie Gadenne


    • A Framework to Assess the Effectiveness of IMF Technical Assistance in National Accounts
    • Pastor, Gonzalo C.


    • Improving Surveillance Across the CEMAC Region
    • Iossifov, Plamen, Noriaki Kinoshita, Misa Takebe, Robert C. York et Zaijin Zhan


    • A Rule Based Medium-Term Fiscal Policy Framework for Tanzania
    • Kim, Daehaeng et Mika Saito


    • Analyzing Fiscal Space Using the MAMS Model: An Application to Burkina Faso
    • Gottschalk, Jan, Vu Manh Le, Hans Lofgren et Kofi Nouve


    • Determinants and Macroeconomic Impact of Remittances in Sub-Saharan Africa
    • Singh, Raju Jan, Markus Haacker et Kyung-woo Lee


    • São Tomé and Príncipe: Domestic Tax System and Tax Revenue Potential
    • Farhan, Nisreen


    • The Gambia: Demand for Broad Money and Implications for Monetary Policy Conduct
    • Sriram, Subramanian S.


    • Understanding the Growth of African Markets
    • Yartey, Charles Amo et Mihasonirina Andrianaivo


    • Credit Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa—Sources, Risks, and Policy Responses
    • Iossifov, Plamen et May Y. Khamis


    • Spillovers from the Rest of the World into Sub-Saharan African Countries
    • Drummond, Paulo, Flavio Nacif et Gustavo Ramirez


    • In Search of Successful Inflation Targeting: Evidence from an Inflation Targeting Index
    • Miao, Yanliang


    • Introducing the Euro as Legal Tender—Benefits and Costs of Eurorization for Cape Verde
    • Imam, Patrick A.


    • The Macroeconomics of Scaling Up Aid: The Gleneagles Initiative for Benin
    • Mongardini, Joannes et Issouf Samaké


    • Sub-Saharan Africa’s Integration in the Global Financial Markets
    • Deléchat, Corinne, Gustavo Ramirez, Smita Wagh et John Wakeman-Linn


    • Financial Deepening in the CFA Franc Zone: The Role of Institutions
    • Singh, Raju, Kangni Kpodar et Dhaneshwar Ghura


    • Madagascar: A Competitiveness and Exchange Rate Assessment
    • Eyraud, Luc


    • Understanding Inflation Inertia in Angola
    • Klein, Nir et Alexander Kyei


    • Grants, Remittances, and the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate in Sub-Saharan African Countries
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