Front Matter

Front Matter

International Monetary Fund
Published Date:
January 1989
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    © 1989 International Monetary Fund

    International Standard Serial Numbers: ISBN 1-55775-127-7

    ISSN 0258-7440

    ISSN 1015-5112

    Price: US$25.00

    (US$15.00 for university faculty members and students)

    Address orders to:

    External Relations Department, Publication Services

    International Monetary Fund, Washington, D.C. 20431, U.S.A.

    Tel.: (202) 623-7430 Cable: Interfund


    The following symbols have been used throughout this book:

    • … to indicate that data are not available;
    • — to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the digit shown, or that the item does not exist;
    • –between years or months (e.g., 1988–89 or January-June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;
    • / between years (e.g., 1988/89) to indicate a crop or fiscal (financial) year.

    “Billion” means a thousand million.

    Details may not add to totals shown because of rounding.


    This study was prepared by a staff team in the Exchange Restrictions Division of the Exchange and Trade Relations Department of the International Monetary Fund under the direction of Peter J. Quirk, Division Chief. In addition to Martin G. Gilman, Kyung Mo Huh, Pisit Leeahtam, and Joslin M. Landell-Mills, other contributors were Kirsten Fitchett, Virgilio Sandoval, and Conchita Valencia. Secretarial assistance was capably provided by Dorothy Ryan and Barbara Watson. The authors also wish to thank the Editor, Sara Kane of the External Relations Department.

    The present study was completed in May 1989 and reflects factual developments up to March 1989 as reported by members for the Fund’s Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions, 1988. In the latter publication, Kyung Mo Huh, Maria-Elena Ureta, and other staff of the Exchange and Trade Relations Department, assisted by staff in Area Departments of the International Monetary Fund, have played an important role in assembling the basic country material. The paper has also benefited from comments by other members of the staff of the Fund, members of the Executive Board, and national authorities. The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Executive Directors or of other staff members. Similar studies have been published in previous years as Part One of the Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions.

    It should be noted that the term “country” used in this Report does not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice. The term also includes some territorial entities that are not states but for which statistical data are maintained and provided internationally on a separate independent basis.

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