Front Matter

Front Matter

International Monetary Fund
Published Date:
March 2000
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    The International Monetary Fund (IMF)

    The IMF was established in 1944 to help all nations avoid the kinds of destructive economic policies that had contributed to the Great Depression and the outbreak of World War II. Since then it has aspired to increase international prosperity by encouraging countries to adopt policies conducive to their economic growth and financial stability, to open their economies to foreign trade, and to support one another when adjustments are needed. These strategies have stood the test of time, and indeed, those nations that have committed to them have enjoyed a half century of unparalleled prosperity. It is no wonder, then, that nearly all of the world’s countries (182 in 1999) have become IMF members, and have done so voluntarily because they see the advantage of consulting with one another to maintain a stable system of buying and selling currencies.

    The IMF’s three main activities are: (1) supervising each member’s exchange rate policies, a practice known as surveillance; (2) providing temporary financing to members with balance of payments problems; and (3) providing technical assistance in the areas of public finance, central banking, exchange rate systems, and statistics. A nonprofit organization, the IMF operates much like a credit union, its main source of funds being membership fees, or quotas. These quotas, which are based on a country’s economic performance and wealth, enable members to request advice and loans.

    The Fabric of Reform video was developed by the External Relations Department of the International Monetary Fund.

    The Fabric of Reform Study Guide was developed for the International Monetary Fund by Toby Levine Communications, Inc., Bethesda, Maryland.


    Frances Anne Hardin

    Narrator: Georges A. Collinet

    Associate Producer: Rani Vedurumudi

    Editor: Tracy Baumgardner

    Camera: Bill Johnson

    Sound Engineer: Juan Miguel Rodriguez

    Graphic Art: Adam Newton

    Post Production: Roland House,

    Arlington, Virginia

    Writer: Stephanie Dailey

    Managing Editor: Kelley McDonald

    Advisor: Christian Francois, International Monetary Fund, African Department

    Cover—top to bottom: Woman gleaning grain in Mali, Malian woman in traditional dress, bottling plant in Cameroon, and farming green beans in Cameroon by Bill Johnson; Background image: Ivoirien Kente cloth by Bill Johnson

    © 1999 The IMF Video Project

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