The IMF Country Reports Series covers economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with officials of the country, is published at the option of the member.
This paper describes economic developments in Malawi during the 1990s. Malawi's economy began to deteriorate in late 1991 as a result of a series of exogenous shocks. These shocks included two major droughts, a severe weakening in the terms of trade, and a suspension of donor nonhumanitarian aid owing to concern over governance. As a consequence, the average real GDP growth fell from 6 percent a year in 1989-91 to -3 percent a year in 1992-94. Savings and investment also fell considerably.