The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
This paper examines the relationship between macroeconomic stabilization and market-oriented reform in planned economies. It emphasizes that market-oriented reform should enhance the likelihood that adjustment to exogenous disturbances will involve genuine adjustment in the sense of actually eliminating or at least reducing both internal and external imbalances. Market-oriented reform should also increase the ability of the authorities to carry out stabilization policies relying on indirect rather than direct instruments. The paper argues that the sustainability of such reform may critically depend on the pursuit of policies that contain inflationary pressures, but that the environment for adoption of such policies will depend in turn on the appropriate sequencing of reform measures.