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Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2001

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2001 »

Series: Government Finance Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 December 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060531.043

ISBN: 9781589060531

Keywords: expenditure, total expenditure, capital expenditure, social security, expenditure on goods, expenditures, social security funds, social insurance, unemployment, disability

Detailed annual data for Fund member governments are supplied on revenue income by source (tax, lending, bonds, etc.), and expenditure by sector (defense, education, health, etc.) for all levels of government (nati...

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2002

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2002 »

Series: Government Finance Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061866.043

ISBN: 9781589061866

Keywords: expenditure, total expenditure, capital expenditure, social security, expenditure on goods, expenditures, social security funds, social insurance, unemployment, social insurance fund

Detailed annual data for Fund member governments are supplied on revenue income by source (tax, lending, bonds, etc.), and expenditure by sector (defense, education, health, etc.) for all levels of government (nati...

Excerpt
			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Fiscal Policy Rules for Oil-Producing Countries

Fiscal Policy Rules for Oil-Producing Countries »

Source: Fiscal Policy Rules for Oil-Producing Countries : A Welfare-Based Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2009/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Wojciech Maliszewski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9781451872736

Keywords: nonrenewable resource, oil producers, oil, permanent income, social welfare, welfare function, social welfare function, welfare functions, social welfare functions,

The paper presents numerical simulations of various fiscal rules for oil-producing countries. Welfare implications are sensitive to the choice of the social welfare function, initial conditions, and non-oil growth...

Evaluating Alternative Approaches to Poverty Alleviation

Evaluating Alternative Approaches to Poverty Alleviation »

Source: Evaluating Alternative Approaches to Poverty Alleviation : Rice Tariffs Versus Targeted Transfers in Madagascar

Volume/Issue: 2008/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul A. Dorosh , David Coady , and Bart Minten

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868715

Keywords: Rice tariffs, targeted transfers, efficiency, distribution, revenue, welfare impact, social welfare, welfare distribution, welfare function, household welfare,

This paper uses a partial equilibrium framework to evaluate the relative efficiency, distributional and revenue implications of rice tariffs and targeted transfers in Madagascar, especially in the context of identi...

Policy Reform, Shadow Prices, and Market Prices

Policy Reform, Shadow Prices, and Market Prices »

Source: Policy Reform, Shadow Prices, and Market Prices

Volume/Issue: 1988/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 October 1988

ISBN: 9781451951608

Keywords: shadow prices, unemployment, social welfare function, social welfare

How should possible policy reforms and projects be assessed when prices give misleading signals? Revenues and costs at market prices then give distorted measures of social gains and losses and our appraisal should...

Lucas vs. Lucas

Lucas vs. Lucas »

Source: Lucas vs. Lucas : On Inequality and Growth

Volume/Issue: 2007/17

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Carlos Cordoba , and Genevieve Verdier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865813

Keywords: Welfare costs, inequality, social welfare, country inequality, welfare function, welfare measures, Distribution, General Aggregative Models, Consumption, Saving

Lucas (2004) asserts that "Of the tendencies that are harmful to sound economics, the most seductive, and in my opinion the most poisonous, is to focus on questions of distribution... The potential for improving th...

Macroeconomic Dimensions of Public-Private Partnerships

Macroeconomic Dimensions of Public-Private Partnerships »

Source: Macroeconomic Dimensions of Public-Private Partnerships

Volume/Issue: 2016/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Edward Buffie , Michele Andreolli , Bin Grace Li , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2016

ISBN: 9781484307700

Keywords: Public-private Partnerships, Unemployment, Underinvestment, Welfare.

The voluminous literature comparing public-private partnerships (P3s) and own-investment (OI) by the public sector is dominated by contributions from microeconomic theory. This paper gives macroeconomics a voice in...

The Insurance Role of Social Security

The Insurance Role of Social Security »

Source: The Insurance Role of Social Security : Theory and Lessons for Policy Reform

Volume/Issue: 1997/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Victor Valdivia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451944174

Keywords: Public Finance, Computable General Equilibrium, welfare gains, wealth distribution, welfare impact, social security system

This paper examines the impact of social security on welfare. The provision of social security reduces precautionary savings and encourages early retirement. Consequently, it lowers aggregate capital, employment, o...

Statistical Inference as a Bargaining Game

Statistical Inference as a Bargaining Game »

Source: Statistical Inference as a Bargaining Game

Volume/Issue: 2002/81

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Ley

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 May 2002

ISBN: 9781451850376

Keywords: Social Welfare Function, Social Information Function, Contract Curve, Nash bargaining solution, Bayesian Inference, Posterior Mode, bargaining, welfare function, social welfare, statistics

This paper extends the analogy, previously established by Learner (1978a), between a Bayesian inference problem and an economics allocation problem to show that posterior modes can be interpreted as optimal outcome...