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The Insurance Role of Social Security

The Insurance Role of Social Security »

Source: The Insurance Role of Social Security : Theory and Lessons for Policy Reform

Volume/Issue: 1997/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Victor Valdivia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451944174

Keywords: Public Finance, Computable General Equilibrium, welfare gains, wealth distribution, welfare impact, social security system

This paper examines the impact of social security on welfare. The provision of social security reduces precautionary savings and encourages early retirement. Consequently, it lowers aggregate capital, employment, o...

Welfare Gains from Financial Liberalization

Welfare Gains from Financial Liberalization »

Source: Welfare Gains from Financial Liberalization

Volume/Issue: 2007/154

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenichi Ueda , and Robert Townsend

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867183

Keywords: financial liberalization, welfare gain, financial deepening, gdp growth, financial system, growth rate,

Financial liberalization has been a controversial issue as there is little empirical evidence for its positive effects on economic growth. However, we find sizable welfare gains, 1 to 28 percent of permanent consum...

The African Continental Free Trade Agreement: Welfare Gains Estimates from a General Equilibrium Model

The African Continental Free Trade Agreement: Welfare Gains Estimates from a General Equilibrium Model »

Source: The African Continental Free Trade Agreement: Welfare Gains Estimates from a General Equilibrium Model

Volume/Issue: 2019/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lisandro Abrego , Maria Alejandra Amado , Tunc Gursoy , Garth Nicholls , and Hector Perez-Saiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498314398

Keywords: Economic integration, Open economies, International trade agreements, Trade finance, Comparative advantage, AfCFTA, welfare, general equilibrium, trade barriers, welfare gain

In March 2018, representatives of member countries of the African Union signed the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) agreement. This agreement provides a framework for trade liberalization in goods and s...

Sudden Stops, Output Drops, and Credit Collapses

Sudden Stops, Output Drops, and Credit Collapses »

Source: Sudden Stops, Output Drops, and Credit Collapses

Volume/Issue: 2010/176

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jihad Dagher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201877

Keywords: Financial liberalization, welfare gain, financial deepening, small firms, debt, investment, dividends, interest, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper proposes a tractable Sudden Stop model to explain the main patterns in firm level data in a sample of Southeast Asian firms during the Asian crisis. The model, which features trend shocks and financial f...

Universal Basic Income in Developing Countries: Issues, Options, and Illustration for India

Universal Basic Income in Developing Countries: Issues, Options, and Illustration for India »

Source: Universal Basic Income in Developing Countries: Issues, Options, and Illustration for India

Volume/Issue: 2018/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , and Delphine Prady

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2018

ISBN: 9781484370049

Keywords: Government expenditures and welfare programs, Asia and Pacific, India, Universal basic income, safety net reform, efficient energy pricing, distributional gains

This paper discusses two common arguments for the adoption of a UBI; that it can be a more effective way of supporting low-income households when existing safety net programs are inefficient, and that it can genera...

International Fuel Tax Assessment

International Fuel Tax Assessment »

Source: International Fuel Tax Assessment : An Application to Chile

Volume/Issue: 2011/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , and Jon Strand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

ISBN: 9781462315338

Keywords: gasoline tax, diesel tax, externalities, optimal tax, welfare gains, road, fuel economy, trucks, fuel tax, Energy: Government Policy,

Gasoline and diesel fuel are heavily taxed in many developed and some emerging and developing countries. Outside of the United States and Europe, however, there has been little attempt to quantify the external cost...

NAFTA to USMCA: What is Gained?1

NAFTA to USMCA: What is Gained?1 »

Source: NAFTA to USMCA: What is Gained?

Volume/Issue: 2019/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Burfisher , Frederic Lambert , and Troy Matheson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498303286

Keywords: Economic integration, Trade policy, Patterns of trade, Merchandise trade, Bilateral trade, NAFTA, USMCA, LVC, RVC, U.S. tariff

The United States - Mexico - Canada Agreement (USMCA) was signed on November 30, 2018 and aims to replace and modernize the North-American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). This paper uses a global, multisector, compu...

Optimal Fiscal Spending and Reserve Accumulation Policies under Volatile Aid

Optimal Fiscal Spending and Reserve Accumulation Policies under Volatile Aid »

Source: Optimal Fiscal Spending and Reserve Accumulation Policies under Volatile Aid

Volume/Issue: 2019/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ioana Moldovan , Shu-Chun Susan Yang , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498312110

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, Private consumption, Real interest rates, Government consumption, Public goods, aid, fiscal policy, foreign exchange intervention, optimal policy, low-income countries.

This paper assesses the optimal setting of fiscal spending and foreign exchange rate intervention policies in response to volatile foreign aid, in a small open economy model that incorporates typical features of lo...

The Insurance Role of Social Security
			: Theory and Lessons for Policy Reform

The Insurance Role of Social Security : Theory and Lessons for Policy Reform »

Volume/Issue: 1997/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Victor Valdivia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451944174.001

ISBN: 9781451944174

Keywords: Public Finance, Computable General Equilibrium, welfare gains, wealth distribution, welfare impact, social security system

This paper examines the impact of social security on welfare. The provision of social security reduces precautionary savings and encourages early retirement. Consequently, it lowers aggregate capital, employment, o...

Welfare Gains from Financial Liberalization

Welfare Gains from Financial Liberalization »

Volume/Issue: 2007/154

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenichi Ueda , and Robert Townsend

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867183.001

ISBN: 9781451867183

Keywords: financial liberalization, welfare gain, financial deepening, gdp growth, financial system, growth rate,

Financial liberalization has been a controversial issue as there is little empirical evidence for its positive effects on economic growth. However, we find sizable welfare gains, 1 to 28 percent of permanent consum...