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The Distributional Impact of Fiscal Policy in Honduras

The Distributional Impact of Fiscal Policy in Honduras »

Source: The Distributional Impact of Fiscal Policy in Honduras

Volume/Issue: 2008/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Locke Newhouse , Irene Yackovlev , and Robert Gillingham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870268

Keywords: welfare distribution, per, distribution of income, direct taxes, distributional effects,

This paper uses household survey data to estimate the incidence of tax and spending programs in Honduras. Any such exercise is fraught with difficulty, so our simplifying assumptions are carefully explained. Rather...

Evaluating Alternative Approaches to Poverty Alleviation

Evaluating Alternative Approaches to Poverty Alleviation »

Source: Evaluating Alternative Approaches to Poverty Alleviation : Rice Tariffs Versus Targeted Transfers in Madagascar

Volume/Issue: 2008/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul A. Dorosh , David Coady , and Bart Minten

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868715

Keywords: Rice tariffs, targeted transfers, efficiency, distribution, revenue, welfare impact, social welfare, welfare distribution, welfare function, household welfare,

This paper uses a partial equilibrium framework to evaluate the relative efficiency, distributional and revenue implications of rice tariffs and targeted transfers in Madagascar, especially in the context of identi...

The Insurance Role of Social Security

The Insurance Role of Social Security »

Source: The Insurance Role of Social Security : Theory and Lessons for Policy Reform

Volume/Issue: 1997/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Victor Valdivia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451944174

Keywords: Public Finance, Computable General Equilibrium, welfare gains, wealth distribution, welfare impact, social security system

This paper examines the impact of social security on welfare. The provision of social security reduces precautionary savings and encourages early retirement. Consequently, it lowers aggregate capital, employment, o...

Lucas vs. Lucas

Lucas vs. Lucas »

Source: Lucas vs. Lucas : On Inequality and Growth

Volume/Issue: 2007/17

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Carlos Cordoba , and Genevieve Verdier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865813

Keywords: Welfare costs, inequality, social welfare, country inequality, welfare function, welfare measures, Distribution, General Aggregative Models, Consumption, Saving

Lucas (2004) asserts that "Of the tendencies that are harmful to sound economics, the most seductive, and in my opinion the most poisonous, is to focus on questions of distribution... The potential for improving th...

A New Tool for Distributional Incidence Analysis

A New Tool for Distributional Incidence Analysis »

Source: A New Tool for Distributional Incidence Analysis : An Application to Fuel Subsidy Reform

Volume: 16

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio , Alexei Goumilevski , and Kangni Kpodar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 2016

ISBN: 9781475546743

Keywords: Fuel subsidies; welfare impact; incidence analysis; income distribution; input-output analysis, General, Input-Output Analysis, General

Increased focus on income inequality and distributional issues has made incidence analysis a crucial input into policy decisions. This note presents the theoretical framework used to conduct incidence analysis of f...

The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited

The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited »

Source: The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited : Evidence for Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2015/250

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Valentina Flamini , and Louis Sears

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2015

ISBN: 9781513501390

Keywords: Fuel subsidy reform, welfare impact, distribution, transport, fuel, subsidies, fuel prices, subsidy, Incidence, All Countries,

Understanding who benefits from fuel price subsidies and the welfare impact of increasing fuel prices is key to designing, and gaining public support for, subsidy reform. This paper updates evidence for developing...

Inclusive Growth

Inclusive Growth »

Source: Inclusive Growth : Measurement and Determinants

Volume/Issue: 2013/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Saurabh Mishra , and Shanaka Peiris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484323212

Keywords: pro-poor growth, distribution, equity, inequality, social mobility, pro-poor, distribution of income, welfare function, Justice, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

We estimate a unified measure of inclusive growth for emerging markets by integrating their economic growth performance and income distribution outcomes, using data over three decades. Country distributions are cal...

Does Trade and Technology Transmission Facilitate Inequality Convergence? An Inquiry into the Role of Technology in Reducing the Poverty of Nations

Does Trade and Technology Transmission Facilitate Inequality Convergence? An Inquiry into the Role of Technology in Reducing the Poverty of Nations »

Source: Does Trade and Technology Transmission Facilitate Inequality Convergence? An Inquiry into the Role of Technology in Reducing the Poverty of Nations

Volume/Issue: 2007/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gouranga Gopal Das

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865806

Keywords: Inequality, Spillover, Institution, Gini Coefficient, Skill Cohorts, Growth, tfp, economic growth, global trade, trade openness

Based on stylized evidence showing variation of the Gini coefficient of income inequality across skill cohorts and on the rapid rise in trade in technology-intensive goods, the ripple effects of technology transmis...

Universal Basic Income in Developing Countries: Issues, Options, and Illustration for India

Universal Basic Income in Developing Countries: Issues, Options, and Illustration for India »

Source: Universal Basic Income in Developing Countries: Issues, Options, and Illustration for India

Volume/Issue: 2018/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , and Delphine Prady

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2018

ISBN: 9781484370049

Keywords: Government expenditures and welfare programs, Asia and Pacific, India, Universal basic income, safety net reform, efficient energy pricing, distributional gains

This paper discusses two common arguments for the adoption of a UBI; that it can be a more effective way of supporting low-income households when existing safety net programs are inefficient, and that it can genera...

Short- and Long-Term Poverty and Social Policy in a 'Snakes and Ladders' Model of Growth

Short- and Long-Term Poverty and Social Policy in a 'Snakes and Ladders' Model of Growth »

Source: Short- and Long-Term Poverty and Social Policy in a 'Snakes and Ladders' Model of Growth

Volume/Issue: 2001/172

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Cuevas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2001

ISBN: 9781451858570

Keywords: social insurance, income distribution, social safety nets, social safety net, Welfare and Poverty: General, One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models,

Throughout the world, the great popularity of programs to protect those who may fall into poverty stands in contrast with the weakness of policies aimed at helping individuals who are already poor to overcome long-...