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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

Trade Policy Issues and Developments

Trade Policy Issues and Developments »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Naheed Kirmani , Shailendra Anjaria , and Arne Petersen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1985

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934461.084

ISBN: 9780939934461

Keywords: Trade policy

...

Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064393.058

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

In recent years, African policymakers have increasingly resorted to regional trade arrangements (RTAs) as a substitute for broad-based trade liberalization. This trend has long-term implications for the effectivene...

International Trade Policies
			: Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond:  Background Papers

International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754578.083

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

This study reviews major issues and developments in trade and their implications for the work of the IMF. Volume I, The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Principal Issues, gives an overview of the issues and developments i...

IMF Involvement in International Trade Policy Issues

IMF Involvement in International Trade Policy Issues »

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068674.017

ISBN: 9781589068674

Keywords: trade liberalization, trade policy issues, trade policies, balance of payments, world trade

Trade policy occupies an unusual and at times problematic place in the work of the IMF. Though trade policies of IMF members have strong influences on macroeconomic stability, they are often seen as peripheral to t...

IEO Annual Report 2009

IEO Annual Report 2009 »

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068759.017

ISBN: 9781589068759

Keywords: conditionality, trade policy issues, structural conditionality, trade policies, international trade policy

This sixth Annual Report describes the activities of the Independent Evaluation Office (IEO) during the year to April 30, 2009. The report summarized the findings of IEO's most recent evaluations, lists cross-cutti...

Integrating Poor Countries into the World Trading System

Integrating Poor Countries into the World Trading System »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064454.051

ISBN: 9781589064454

Keywords: Developing countries, Trade policy, Trade relations, trade liberalization, export earnings, trade facilitation, multilateral trade, export markets

Efforts to liberalize world trade are increasingly focusing on strengthening the links between low-income countries' trade policies and their development strategies. However, although greater trade openness promise...

IEO Annual Report 2010

IEO Annual Report 2010 »

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069992.017

ISBN: 9781589069992

Keywords: international trade, trade policy issues, international trade policy, work program, multilateral surveillance

The Independent Evaluation Office's (IEO) Annual Report 2010 highlights that in FY2010, the IEO expended approximately 95 percent of its budgetary resources. The corresponding underspending (about 5 percent of the...

World Economic Outlook, May 1993

World Economic Outlook, May 1993 »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752864.081

ISBN: 9781557752864

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, monetary policy, price stability, free trade

The World Economic Outlook, published twice a year in English, French, Spanish, and Arabic, presents IMF staff economists analyses of global economic developments during the near and medium term. Chapters give an o...

Asian Monetary Integration
			: Will It Ever Happen?

Asian Monetary Integration : Will It Ever Happen? »

Series: Other Periodicals

Author(s): Tharman Shanmugaratnam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451980813.029

ISBN: 9781451980813

Keywords: monetary integration, intraregional trade, monetary union, monetary policy, trade integration

This paper examines the possibility of Asian monetary integration. The paper highlights that the objectives and motivations behind the continuing debate for Asian monetary integration have now evolved. The objectiv...

Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066670.058

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

What is the impact on trade in sub-Saharan Africa of the recent rapid growth in China and other Asian countries, and the associated commodity price boom? This paper looks at how trading patterns (both destinations...