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Singapore

Singapore »

Source: Singapore : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/200

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513501529

Keywords: Singapore, International trade, Exports, Imports, Price elasticity, Demand elasticity, Selected Issues Papers, trade, value, demand

External trade plays an important role in Singapore's economy, providing an important share of total value added. Singapore's exports have a relatively large import share; however, they also have a high level of co...

The Global Trade Slowdown

The Global Trade Slowdown »

Source: The Global Trade Slowdown : Cyclical or Structural?

Volume/Issue: 2015/6

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cristina Constantinescu , Aaditya Mattoo , and Michele Ruta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 January 2015

ISBN: 9781498399135

Keywords: Global Trade Slowdown, Trade Elasticity, trade, elasticity, gdp, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, General,

This paper focuses on the sluggish growth of world trade relative to income growth in recent years. The analysis uses an empirical strategy based on an error correction model to assess whether the global trade slow...

Chile

Chile »

Source: Chile : Trade Performance, Trade Liberalization, and Competitiveness

Volume/Issue: 2008/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Brieuc Monfort

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781451869873

Keywords: trade elasticities, competitiveness, reer, tariff rate, domestic demand, trade flows,

This paper analyses the evolution of Chile's trade between 1990 and 2007, studying in particular the impact of trade liberalization in addition to traditional price and demand determinants. The results show that ex...

Terms of Trade Shocks and the Current Account

Terms of Trade Shocks and the Current Account »

Source: Terms of Trade Shocks and the Current Account

Volume/Issue: 1998/177

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Cashin , and C. McDermott

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

ISBN: 9781451975048

Keywords: Terms of trade, intertemporal elasticity of substitution, intratemporal elasticity of substitution, terms of trade shocks, trade shocks, relative price, elasticity of substitution

This paper examines the relationship between terms of trade shocks, private saving, and the current account position. The relationship between these variables is theoretically ambiguous: an adverse transitory terms...

Elasticity Optimism

Elasticity Optimism »

Source: Elasticity Optimism

Volume/Issue: 2009/279

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451874242

Keywords: Trade Elasticities, Heterogeneity, Calibration, International Portfolio, elasticity of substitution, equation, measurement error, import prices,

In most macroeconomic models, the substitutability between domestic and foreign goods is calibrated using aggregated data. This imposes homogeneous elasticities across goods, and the calibration is only valid under...

Economic Integration, Sectoral Diversification, and Exchange Rate Policy in a Developing Economy

Economic Integration, Sectoral Diversification, and Exchange Rate Policy in a Developing Economy »

Source: Economic Integration, Sectoral Diversification, and Exchange Rate Policy in a Developing Economy

Volume/Issue: 2004/60

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriel Srour

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451848083

Keywords: diversification, volume of trade, elasticity of substitution, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The paper develops a simple three-sector model of a developing country with nominal wage rigidity, in which one sector is thought of as the primary sector and the other two are sectors in which the country can dive...

Trade Reforms of Uncertain Duration and Real Uncertainty

Trade Reforms of Uncertain Duration and Real Uncertainty »

Source: Trade Reforms of Uncertain Duration and Real Uncertainty : A First Approximation

Volume/Issue: 1994/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , and Enrique Mendoza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1994

ISBN: 9781451974270

Keywords: terms of trade, trade reform, trade reforms, elasticity of substitution, tariff revenue

This paper examines trade reforms of uncertain duration undertaken in economies subject to real foreign and domestic shocks. These reforms induce consumption and import booms regardless of whether they succeed or f...

Private Saving and Terms of Trade Shocks

Private Saving and Terms of Trade Shocks »

Source: Private Saving and Terms of Trade Shocks : Evidence From Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1991/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1991

ISBN: 9781451852318

Keywords: terms of trade, terms of trade shocks, elasticity of substitution, relative price, trade shocks

This paper examines the relationship between temporary terms of trade shocks and household saving in developing countries. It is first shown that, from a theoretical standpoint, this relationship is ambiguous: priv...

Trade Sensitivity to Exchange Rates in the Context of Intra-Industry Trade1

Trade Sensitivity to Exchange Rates in the Context of Intra-Industry Trade1 »

Source: Trade Sensitivity to Exchange Rates in the Context of Intra-Industry Trade

Volume/Issue: 2008/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yoko Oguro , Kyoji Fukao , and Yougesh Khatri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781451869934

Keywords: Intra-industry trade, exchange rate, industry trade, elasticity of substitution, exchange rate movements,

This paper theoretically and empirically investigates export sensitivity to exchange rates in the context of intra-industry trade (IIT). It is assumed that more IIT implies a smaller elasticity of substitution amon...

Price and Income Elasticity of Indian Exports—The Role of Supply-Side Bottlenecks

Price and Income Elasticity of Indian Exports—The Role of Supply-Side Bottlenecks »

Source: Price and Income Elasticity of Indian Exports-The Role of Supply-Side Bottlenecks

Volume/Issue: 2015/161

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mehdi Raissi , and Volodymyr Tulin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513544816

Keywords: export demand, income and price elasticity, energy shortages, demand, supply, supply-side, price elasticity, income elasticity, Models with Panel Data, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

This paper estimates the short-term and long-run price and income elasticity of Indian exports, and investigates the role of supply-side bottlenecks in shaping India's export demand relationship. We use disaggregat...