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Vietnam
			: Transition to a Market Economy

Vietnam : Transition to a Market Economy »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Erich Spitäller , M. Braulke , Christian Mulder , Hisanobu Shishido , Kenneth M. Miranda , John Dodsworth , and Keon Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755384.084

ISBN: 9781557755384

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, foreign exchange, state enterprises, exchange rates

The paper explores the pattern of transition of the Vietnamese economy, the policies that were applied, and the reasons for the country's success. In particular, it focuses on output performance; state-owned enterp...

Ghana
			: Economic Development in a Democratic Environment

Ghana : Economic Development in a Democratic Environment »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joachim Harnack , Sérgio Leite , Stefania Fabrizio , Luisa Zanforlin , Girma Begashaw , and Anthony Pellechio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557759603.084

ISBN: 9781557759603

Keywords: Development, Economic recovery, expenditure, poverty reduction, banking, banking system, state enterprises

This chapter explores the key relationships between participatory democracy and successful economic development and reviews the early steps of participatory decision making in Ghana. More generally, it sets the sta...

On the Sequencing of Reforms in Eastern Europe

On the Sequencing of Reforms in Eastern Europe »

Source: On the Sequencing of Reforms in Eastern Europe

Volume/Issue: 1991/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hans Genberg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1991

ISBN: 9781451924718

Keywords: privatization, socialist economies, state enterprises, state-owned enterprises, privatization of state

This paper discusses issues related to the sequencing of the reforms that are necessary to transform the economies in Eastern Europe into market economies. It is first argued that the transition path of these econo...

Vietnam

Vietnam »

Source: Vietnam : Selected Issues and Statistical Annex

Volume/Issue: 1998/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781451840148

Keywords: state enterprises, banking, state enterprise, banking system, state bank, Viet Nam,

This Selected Issues paper on Vietnam contains background material on banking sector reform, state enterprise reform, external trade liberalization, and tax reform. The paper highlights that banking sector reforms...

Statistical Annex

Statistical Annex »

Source: Vietnam : Selected Issues and Statistical Annex

Volume/Issue: 1998/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781451840148

Keywords: state enterprises, banking, state enterprise, banking system, state bank, Viet Nam,

This Selected Issues paper on Vietnam contains background material on banking sector reform, state enterprise reform, external trade liberalization, and tax reform. The paper highlights that banking sector reforms...

Wage Structure in the Transition of the Czech Economy

Wage Structure in the Transition of the Czech Economy »

Source: Wage Structure in the Transition of the Czech Economy

Volume/Issue: 1995/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1995

ISBN: 9781451977998

Keywords: wage, state enterprises, wage structures, wage policies

From the perspective of market economies, central planning produced distinct distortions in the wage structures of socialist countries. This paper examines the extent to which wage structures have adjusted to remov...

Viet Nam

Viet Nam »

Source: Viet Nam : Reform and Stabilization, 1986-1992

Volume/Issue: 1993/46

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erich Spitäller , and Gabrielle Lipworth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1993

ISBN: 9781451973808

Keywords: state enterprises, state sector, public enterprises, foreign trade, price liberalization, Viet Nam,

Viet Nam has made substantial progress in the transition to a market economy and toward financial stability since economic reform began in 1986. Piecemeal measures were adopted at first, followed by the launching o...

The Design and Printing of Bank Notes

The Design and Printing of Bank Notes »

Source: The Design and Printing of Bank Notes : Considerations When Introducing a New Currency

Volume/Issue: 1995/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Richard Abrams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1995

ISBN: 9781451844320

Keywords: bank notes, inks, press, bank of canada, state enterprise

Many newly independent or systemically transforming countries feel a pressing need to--or must--introduce their own national currency. Other countries simply wish to enhance the attractiveness, usefulness, durabili...

Vietnam

Vietnam »

Source: Vietnam : Statistical Tables

Volume/Issue: 1995/93

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1995

ISBN: 9781451840216

Keywords: state enterprises, state management, current account, debt service, balance of payments

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Privatization in Transition Countries

Privatization in Transition Countries »

Source: Privatization in Transition Countries : A Sampling of the Literature

Volume/Issue: 1999/6

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Oleh Havrylyshyn , and Donal McGettigan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451842272

Keywords: Privatization, transition, state-owned enterprises, de novo enterprises, mass privatization, vouchers, transition economies, transition countries, voucher privatization

This paper reviews a selection of studies on privatization experiences in transition countries. Empirical studies almost invariably show privatized enterprises outperform state enterprises. Moreover, the literature...