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Stability of Velocity in the Group of Seven Countries

Stability of Velocity in the Group of Seven Countries »

Source: Stability of Velocity in the Group of Seven Countries : A Kalman Filter Approach

Volume/Issue: 1990/80

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eduard Bomhoff

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1990

ISBN: 9781451955392

Keywords: standard error, covariance, money demand, time series

This paper estimates forecasting models using annual data for the income velocity of money in the G-7 countries. The predictions are conditional upon the realized value of the long-term domestic government bond rat...

Spillovers of the U.S. Subprime Financial Turmoil to Mainland China and Hong Kong SAR

Spillovers of the U.S. Subprime Financial Turmoil to Mainland China and Hong Kong SAR »

Source: Spillovers of the U.S. Subprime Financial Turmoil to Mainland China and Hong Kong SAR : Evidence from Stock Markets

Volume/Issue: 2009/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Xiaojing Zhang , and Tao Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

ISBN: 9781451873139

Keywords: standard error, stock market, equations, Subprime Crisis, Garch,

This paper focuses on evidence from stock markets as it investigates the spillovers from the United States to mainland China and Hong Kong SAR during the subprime crisis. Using both univariate and multivariate GARC...

Money Demand in Canada

Money Demand in Canada »

Source: Money Demand in Canada

Volume/Issue: 1989/77

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 1989

ISBN: 9781451956504

Keywords: money demand, monetary aggregates, demand for money, standard errors, inflation

The pace of financial market innovation in Canada quickened in the past decade or so with implications for the empirical relationships between the various monetary aggregates and other economic variables. Against t...

The Macroeconomic Effects of ESAF-Supported Programs

The Macroeconomic Effects of ESAF-Supported Programs »

Source: The Macroeconomic Effects of ESAF-Supported Programs : Revisiting Some Methodological Issues

Volume/Issue: 1995/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Susan Schadler , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , and Mauro Mecagni

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781451951486

Keywords: equation, debt service, standard errors, external debt, statistics

This paper examines whether ESAF-supported programs during 1986-91 had significant independent effects on growth, inflation and the external debt service ratio. Econometric estimates of the Generalized Evaluation E...

The Missing Link Between Financial Constraints and Productivity

The Missing Link Between Financial Constraints and Productivity »

Source: The Missing Link Between Financial Constraints and Productivity

Volume/Issue: 2009/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia , and Veerle Slootmaekers

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872194

Keywords: financing constraints, SMEs, equation, correlation, statistics, probability, standard errors,

The global financial crisis has reopened the debate on the potential spillover effects from the financial sector to the real economy. This paper adds to that debate by providing new evidence on the link between fin...

Singapore: Selected Issues

Singapore: Selected Issues »

Source: Singapore : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2005/140

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451923254

Keywords: export growth, export, trading partners, standard errors, international trade

This Selected Issues paper analyzes quality upgrading and low-wage competition for Singapore. The analysis concludes that quality upgrading is indeed taking place in some products where low-wage competitors are ent...

Singapore: Selected Issues

Singapore: Selected Issues »

Source: Singapore : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2005/140

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451923254

Keywords: export growth, export, trading partners, standard errors, international trade

This Selected Issues paper analyzes quality upgrading and low-wage competition for Singapore. The analysis concludes that quality upgrading is indeed taking place in some products where low-wage competitors are ent...

Singapore: Selected Issues

Singapore: Selected Issues »

Source: Singapore : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2005/140

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451923254

Keywords: export growth, export, trading partners, standard errors, international trade

This Selected Issues paper analyzes quality upgrading and low-wage competition for Singapore. The analysis concludes that quality upgrading is indeed taking place in some products where low-wage competitors are ent...

The Perils of Tax Smoothing

The Perils of Tax Smoothing »

Source: The Perils of Tax Smoothing : Sustainable Fiscal Policy with Random Shocks to Permanent Output

Volume/Issue: 2005/207

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Evan Tanner , and Kevin Carey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2005

ISBN: 9781451862263

Keywords: Tax smoothing, sustainability, and forecast error, tax rates, statistics, standard deviation, statistic, forecast error,

If permanent output is uncertain, tax smoothing can be perilous: both debt levels and tax rates are difficult to stabilize and may drift upwards. One practical remedy would be to target the debt. However, our simul...

What Undermines Aid's Impact on Growth?

What Undermines Aid's Impact on Growth? »

Source: What Undermines Aid's Impact on Growth?

Volume/Issue: 2005/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , and Raghuram Rajan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2005

ISBN: 9781451861457

Keywords: Growth, Competitiveness, exchange rate, standard deviation, real exchange rate, exchange rate overvaluation, standard errors, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

We examine one of the most important and intriguing puzzles in economics: why it is so hard to find a robust effect of aid on the long-term growth of poor countries, even those with good policies. We look for a pos...