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Distributional Implications of the VAT Reform in the Philippines

Distributional Implications of the VAT Reform in the Philippines »

Source: Distributional Implications of the VAT Reform in the Philippines

Volume/Issue: 2007/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Locke Newhouse , and Daria Zakharova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867176

Keywords: VAT, poverty and social impact analysis, social safety net, targeted transfers, excise taxes, distributional impact, input-output, household consumption, household income, Vat Poverty And Social Impact Analysis,

This paper assesses the distributional impact of the recent VAT reform in the Philippines and evaluates alternative methods to mitigate the effects of the reform on poor households. The reform was progressive and r...

Measuring sustainability and decoupling
			: A survey of methodology and practice

Measuring sustainability and decoupling : A survey of methodology and practice »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9789289314107

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Environmental Policies, Decoupling Indicators, Environmental Quality, Compromising Economic Growth, Economic and Social Impacts, Economy and national budget

There is growing interest, among policymakers, for the prospects of decoupling economic growth from environmental degradation, as they have a hard time disentangling environmental policies from their economic and s...

Megatrends

Megatrends »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9789289322232

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Global Change, Decisive Impact on the Arctic, Acknowledge the Pre-conditions, Challenges and Tendencies, Society Across Social Categories, Global Structures

The current pace of global change has already had a decisive impact on the Arctic. To understand the current and likely future situation in the Arctic it is important to acknowledge the pre-conditions, challenges a...

Government Contingent Liabilities and the Measurement of Fiscal Impact

Government Contingent Liabilities and the Measurement of Fiscal Impact »

Source: Government Contingent Liabilities and the Measurement of Fiscal Impact

Volume/Issue: 1990/57

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1990

ISBN: 9781451967111

Keywords: social security, contingent liabilities, fiscal impact, deposit insurance, budgetary control

Conventional fiscal accounting methodologies do not appropriately account for governments’ noncash policies, such as their contingent liabilities. When these liabilities are called, budget costs can be large...

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis in PRGF-Supported Programs

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis in PRGF-Supported Programs »

Source: Poverty and Social Impact Analysis in PRGF-Supported Programs

Volume/Issue: 2002/11

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Gabriela Inchauste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451969856

Keywords: Poverty, Fund-supported adjustment programs, IMF Programs, Social Impact, poverty reduction, impact analysis, social impact analysis, civil service, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, General Welfare,

This paper aims to inform on the status of Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) in IMF-supported programs, detailing the results presented in the recent review of PRGF-supported programs. The review showed tha...

Public Expenditures on Social Programs and Household Consumption in China

Public Expenditures on Social Programs and Household Consumption in China »

Source: Public Expenditures on Social Programs and Household Consumption in China

Volume/Issue: 2010/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emanuele Baldacci , Ding Ding , David Coady , Giovanni Callegari , Pietro Tommasino , Jaejoon Woo , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982138

Keywords: China, household savings, social expenditure, generational accounting, expenditures, household consumption, expenditure, social expenditures, consumption impact

This paper shows that increasing government social expenditures can make a substantive contribution to increasing household consumption in China. The paper first undertakes an empirical study of the relationship be...

Mitigating the Social Costs of the Economic Crisis and the Reform Programs in Asia

Mitigating the Social Costs of the Economic Crisis and the Reform Programs in Asia »

Source: Mitigating the Social Costs of the Economic Crisis and the Reform Programs in Asia

Volume/Issue: 1998/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Marijn Verhoeven , Sanjeev Gupta , Gerd Schwartz , Calvin McDonald , Željko Bogetic , and Christian Schiller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

ISBN: 9781451971408

Keywords: Asia, Financial crisis, Social policy, Poverty, social safety nets, social impact, unemployment, disability, price increases, safety nets

This paper presents a preliminary analysis of the likely social impact of the economic crisis and the reform programs in three Asian countries—Indonesia, Korea, and Thailand. The focus is on likely changes i...

Privatization, Social Impact, and Social Safety Nets

Privatization, Social Impact, and Social Safety Nets »

Source: Privatization, Social Impact, and Social Safety Nets

Volume/Issue: 1999/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Henry Ma , and Christian Schiller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1999

ISBN: 9781451848977

Keywords: Privatization, social safety nets, social welfare, state-owned enterprises, transition, employment, impact of privatization, employment guarantees, unemployment

Privatization promotes economic efficiency and growth, thereby reinforcing macroeconomic adjustment. In the short run, however, it can lead to job losses and wage cuts for workers and higher prices for consumers. T...

Grenada

Grenada »

Source: Grenada : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-Preparation Status Report

Volume/Issue: 2008/354

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 October 2008

ISBN: 9781451816525

Keywords: poverty reduction strategy, reduction strategy, poverty reduction strategy paper, social safety net, impact of policies

The Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) of Grenada outline the issues raised in the Joint Staff Assessment. In the area of poverty diagnostics, a more detailed discussion of poverty based on updated poverty d...

The Insurance Role of Social Security

The Insurance Role of Social Security »

Source: The Insurance Role of Social Security : Theory and Lessons for Policy Reform

Volume/Issue: 1997/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Victor Valdivia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451944174

Keywords: Public Finance, Computable General Equilibrium, welfare gains, wealth distribution, welfare impact, social security system

This paper examines the impact of social security on welfare. The provision of social security reduces precautionary savings and encourages early retirement. Consequently, it lowers aggregate capital, employment, o...