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Value Added Tax
			: International Practice and Problems

Value Added Tax : International Practice and Problems »

Series: Books

Author(s): Alan Tait

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750129.071

ISBN: 9781557750129

Keywords: vat, sales tax, sales taxes, retail sales tax, farmers

This book, by Alan A. Tait, is an examination of VAT. It looks at problems and theoretical options and potential impacts, as well as detailing the practical aspects of implementing new tax structures. The author ad...

An Overview of the Japanese Distribution System

An Overview of the Japanese Distribution System »

Source: An Overview of the Japanese Distribution System : The Case of the Automobile Industry

Volume/Issue: 1994/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sayuri Shirai

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1994

ISBN: 9781451844313

Keywords: distribution system, fair trade, international trade, retail industry, retail stores

This paper surveys the recent literature on the Japanese distribution system to consider two propositions: first, that the system is inefficient, and second that prices of imported products tend to be higher in Jap...

Initiatives on prevention of food waste in the retail and wholesale trades

Initiatives on prevention of food waste in the retail and wholesale trades »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Ole Jörgen Hanssen , Juha-Matti Katajajuuri , Kirsi Silvennoinen , Åsa Stenmarck , and Mads Werge

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9789289322522

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Council of Ministers, Waste Prevention, EU Waste Directive, Food Waste, Causes for Food Waste, Retail Sector

This project was initiated by the Nordic Council of Ministers and its waste prevention group. The background to the project is that waste prevention is the highest priority in the waste hierarchy according to the E...

France

France »

Source: France : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2009/233

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2009

ISBN: 9781451813739

Keywords: capital adequacy, retail banking, wholesale funding, basis points

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the performance of French banks and the financial support measures taken by the French government. France has a large and sophisticated financial system, which accounts for 10 pe...

Selected Issues

Selected Issues »

Source: France : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2009/233

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2009

ISBN: 9781451813739

Keywords: capital adequacy, retail banking, wholesale funding, basis points

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the performance of French banks and the financial support measures taken by the French government. France has a large and sophisticated financial system, which accounts for 10 pe...

Selected Issues

Selected Issues »

Source: France : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2009/233

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2009

ISBN: 9781451813739

Keywords: capital adequacy, retail banking, wholesale funding, basis points

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the performance of French banks and the financial support measures taken by the French government. France has a large and sophisticated financial system, which accounts for 10 pe...

Automatic Fuel Pricing Mechanisms with Price Smoothing

Automatic Fuel Pricing Mechanisms with Price Smoothing »

Source: Automatic Fuel Pricing Mechanisms with Price Smoothing : Design, Implementation, and Fiscal Implications

Volume: 12

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): David Coady , Javier Arze del Granado , Luc Eyraud , and Anita Tuladhar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475566949

Keywords: Petroleum products, price smoothing, fuel taxes, price, prices, retail, pricing, volatility

Many developing and emerging countries do not fully pass-through increases in international fuel prices to domestic retail prices, with adverse consequences for fuel tax revenues and tax volatility. The adoption of...

U.S. Mutual Fund Retail Investors in International Equity Markets

U.S. Mutual Fund Retail Investors in International Equity Markets »

Source: U.S. Mutual Fund Retail Investors in International Equity Markets : Is the Tail Wagging the Dog?

Volume/Issue: 2005/162

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Chan-Lau , and Li Ong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451861815

Keywords: retail investors, dedicated funds, crossover funds, investors, equity funds, institutional investors, international capital markets,

Do the dynamics of net flows to U.S. retail mutual funds affect equity returns in emerging markets? The question merits further examination since retail investors in mutual funds can exert a much greater degree of...

Banks' Liability Structure and Mortgage Lending During the Financial Crisis

Banks' Liability Structure and Mortgage Lending During the Financial Crisis »

Source: Banks' Liability Structure and Mortgage Lending During the Financial Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2012/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jihad Dagher , and Kazim Kazimov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475504460

Keywords: Retail funding, Wholesale funding, credit supply, mortgages, matching, mortgage, statistics, mortgage credit, probability, mortgage lending

We examine the impact of banks' exposure to market liquidity shocks through wholesale funding on their supply of credit during the financial crisis in the United States. We focus on mortgage lending to minimize the...

chapter 1 Why a Value-Added Tax?

chapter 1 Why a Value-Added Tax? »

Source: Value Added Tax : International Practice and Problems

Series: Books

Author(s): Alan Tait

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1988

ISBN: 9781557750129

Keywords: vat, sales tax, sales taxes, retail sales tax, farmers

The latest innovation is the value-added tax. Its emergence in France illustrates the process by which a sort of continuing ferment of improvisation now and then gives rise to an invention of th...