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Réflexions à propos d'un Fonds monétaire international utilisant exclusivement le DTS

Réflexions à propos d'un Fonds monétaire international utilisant exclusivement le DTS »

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1979

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451950939.054

ISBN: 9781451950939

Keywords: reserve tranche, monetary fund, reserve tranche positions, reserve positions, balance of payments, credit tranches, general resources account, sdr holdings, expenditure, international monetary system

...

Insurance Value of International Reserves

Insurance Value of International Reserves »

Source: Insurance Value of International Reserves : An Option Pricing Approach

Volume/Issue: 2004/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

ISBN: 9781451858785

Keywords: option, underlying asset, international reserves, reserve holding, external debt, currency crises, reserve holdings, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

A quantitative framework is developed to bring forward the insurance motive of holding international reserves. The insurance value of reserves is quantified as the market price of an equivalent option that provides...

An Approach to the Estimation of Inequality in Reserve Distribution

An Approach to the Estimation of Inequality in Reserve Distribution »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 21 No. 3

Volume: XXI

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1974

ISBN: 9781451969344

Keywords: reserve currency, reserve currencies, sdr allocations, sdr holdings

This paper constructs three simple model of the financial effects on countries in different situations of the various arrangements regarding reserve supply that were discussed during the recent negotiations on refo...

Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility

Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility »

Source: Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility

Volume/Issue: 2002/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Flood , and Nancy Marion

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451848298

Keywords: International reserves, Reserves, capital mobility, reserve holdings, equation, skewness, central bank, statistics

Why do countries hold so much international reserves? Global reserve holdings (excluding gold) were equivalent to 17 weeks of imports at the end of 1999. That is almost double what they were at the end of 1960 and...

External Adjustment and the Optimal Demand for International Reserves

External Adjustment and the Optimal Demand for International Reserves »

Source: External Adjustment and the Optimal Demand for International Reserves

Volume/Issue: 1989/90

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 1989

ISBN: 9781451951844

Keywords: reserve holdings, balance of payments, external borrowing, adjustment period, reserve management

This paper provides a theoretical underpinning for the major determinants of optimal reserve demand in the case where fundamental disequilibrium constitutes a key element governing reserve management. Emphasis is g...

International Reserves in Low Income Countries

International Reserves in Low Income Countries »

Source: International Reserves in Low Income Countries : Have they Served As Buffers?

Volume/Issue: 2012/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463930561

Keywords: Reserve adequacy, exogenous shocks, terms of trade, current account, reserve holdings, exchange rate regime,

This paper provides a historical perspective on the role of international reserves in low-income countries as a cushion against large external shocks over the last three decades - including the current global crisi...

International Reserves-Too Much of a Zipf's Thing

International Reserves-Too Much of a Zipf's Thing »

Source: International Reserves-Too Much of a Zipf's Thing

Volume/Issue: 2008/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mariusz Sumlinski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868739

Keywords: Gibrat&;amp;#x2019;s law, Zipf&;amp;#x2019;s law, statistics, samples, reserve holdings, reserve accumulation

Concentrated distribution of international reserves is puzzling. I show that the growth rates of international reserves bear only a very weak relationship to their initial stocks (scaled by GDP or in absolute terms...

International Reserve Trends in the South Caucasus and Central Asia Region

International Reserve Trends in the South Caucasus and Central Asia Region »

Source: International Reserve Trends in the South Caucasus and Central Asia Region

Volume/Issue: 2008/41

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Holger Floerkemeier , and Mariusz Sumlinski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451869033

Keywords: Balance of Payments Crises, reserve holdings, capital markets, international capital markets, risk aversion, international capital,

In recent years, the South Caucasus and Central Asia countries (CCA-6) have received significant foreign exchange inflows. While a healthy reserve buffer is desirable to selfinsure against external crises, holding...

Shifting Motives

Shifting Motives »

Source: Shifting Motives : Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's

Volume/Issue: 2012/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Jonathan Ostry , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463933197

Keywords: Quantile Regression, exchange rate, reserve holdings, short-term debt, exchange rate regime, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Why have emerging market economies (EMEs) been stockpiling international reserves? We find that motives have varied over time?vulnerability to current account shocks was relatively important in the 1980s but, as EM...

International Reserves and Rollover Risk

International Reserves and Rollover Risk »

Source: International Reserves and Rollover Risk

Volume/Issue: 2013/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Javier Bianchi , Juan Carlos Hatchondo , and Leonardo Martinez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475571295

Keywords: rollover risk, sovereign default, gross capital flows, reserve accumulation, reserve holdings, bonds, bond, International Lending and Debt Problems, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

Two striking facts about international capital flows in emerging economies motivate this paper: (1) Governments hold large amounts of international reserves, for which they obtain a return lower than their borrowin...