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Trade Policy Developments in Industrial Countries

Trade Policy Developments in Industrial Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Wanda Tseng , Lorenzo Pérez , Zubair Iqbal , and Shailendra Anjaria

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1981

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750822.084

ISBN: 9781557750822

Keywords: international trade, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, bilateral agreements, quantitative restrictions

This study reviews recent developments in international trade policies in selected industrial countries. It was prepared for the June 1981 World Economic Outlook....

La montee du Protectionnisme

La montee du Protectionnisme »

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 January 1978

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451920567.054

ISBN: 9781451920567

Keywords: exporting countries, oil exporting countries, international trade, export restraints, world trade, voluntary export restraints, import quotas, import restrictions, domestic producers, nontariff barriers

...

Adjusting to New Realities

Adjusting to New Realities »

Source: Adjusting to New Realities : MENA, The Uruguay Round, and the EU-Mediterranean Initiative

Volume/Issue: 1997/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Susan Fennell , Patricia Alonso-Gamo , and Khaled Sakr

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451842142

Keywords: trade reform, oil exports, trade taxes, quantitative restrictions

This paper addresses concerns that the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, with the exception of the GCC economies, has lagged behind in trade liberalization. This delay has adversely affected production ef...

Input Shortages in Mixed Economies

Input Shortages in Mixed Economies »

Source: Input Shortages in Mixed Economies : An Application to Indian Manufacturing Industries

Volume/Issue: 1991/56

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ratna Sahay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1991

ISBN: 9781451847666

Keywords: capacity utilization, imported inputs, quantitative restrictions, intermediate inputs, import license

Widespread shortages in key inputs are common in mixed economies of developing countries. These shortages appear to occur at the same time that relatively high rates of capacity underutilization in manufacturing in...

Special Agricultural Safeguards

Special Agricultural Safeguards »

Source: Special Agricultural Safeguards : Virtual Benefits and Real Costs-Lessons for the Doha Round

Volume/Issue: 2005/131

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Jacques Hallaert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2005

ISBN: 9781451861501

Keywords: Agricultural trade, internet, tariff lines, import price, quantitative restrictions

In the Doha Round, negotiators are discussing the elimination or continuation of the special agricultural safeguards introduced by the Uruguay Round as well as the creation of special safeguard mechanism for use by...

The "Gulliver Effect" and the "Optimal Divergence" Approach to Trade Policies

The "Gulliver Effect" and the "Optimal Divergence" Approach to Trade Policies »

Source: The "Gulliver Effect" and the "Optimal Divergence" Approach to Trade Policies : The Case of Nepal

Volume/Issue: 1988/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 October 1988

ISBN: 9781451951370

Keywords: quantitative restrictions, free trade, trade policies, domestic market, world prices

The relevant “size” of an economy is affected by its environment. A country could be small in the world economy yet become big in relation to its smaller neighbors, imposing on them its relative price...

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia1/

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia1/ »

Source: Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia

Volume/Issue: 1988/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 1988

ISBN: 9781451963403

Keywords: agricultural trade, average tariff, quantitative restrictions, agricultural commodities, tariff levels

The study reveals agricultural import restrictions are widely applied in Asia, but that Japan and Korea impose lower average tariffs and nontariff barriers with less frequency than most Asian countries. It also fin...

Trade barriers: A new round of global trade negotiations: Main issues in the impending round of GATT talks

Trade barriers: A new round of global trade negotiations: Main issues in the impending round of GATT talks »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1986

Volume/Issue: 23/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1986

ISBN: 9781616353650

Keywords: international trade, trading partners, quantitative restrictions, trade negotiations, trade in services

The global trade negotiations and use of fiscal measures to stimulate savings in developing countries are discussed. The four main elements of the global trading system likely to be at issue in the new round includ...

Energy: Natural gas: an important but underexploited resource: Many LDCs could achieve a better energy balance by using natural gas

Energy: Natural gas: an important but underexploited resource: Many LDCs could achieve a better energy balance by using natural gas »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1986

Volume/Issue: 23/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1986

ISBN: 9781616353650

Keywords: international trade, trading partners, quantitative restrictions, trade negotiations, trade in services

The global trade negotiations and use of fiscal measures to stimulate savings in developing countries are discussed. The four main elements of the global trading system likely to be at issue in the new round includ...

The World Bank’s natural gas program

The World Bank’s natural gas program »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1986

Volume/Issue: 23/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1986

ISBN: 9781616353650

Keywords: international trade, trading partners, quantitative restrictions, trade negotiations, trade in services

The global trade negotiations and use of fiscal measures to stimulate savings in developing countries are discussed. The four main elements of the global trading system likely to be at issue in the new round includ...