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			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Senegal: Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability

Senegal: Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability »

Source: Senegal : Achieving High and Inclusive Growth While Preserving Fiscal Sustainability

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev , and Gaston Mpatswe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484379660

Keywords: Economic growth, Electric power, Subsidies, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Senegal, electricity, per, expenditure, electricity subsidies

Senegal's growth has been sluggish in recent years with implications for poverty reduction. Average growth was relatively strong in 1995-2005 and accompanied by a large drop in poverty incidence. Due partly to a se...

Equity and Fiscal Policy

Equity and Fiscal Policy »

Source: Equity and Fiscal Policy : The Income Distribution Effects of Taxation and Social Spending in Central America

Volume/Issue: 2010/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rodrigo Cubero , and Ivanna Hollar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455200719

Keywords: incidence, social spending, taxation, gini coefficient, public spending, Taxation and Subsidies: Incidence,

How does fiscal policy fare in improving the underlying income distribution in Central America? We integrate the data from a number of existing tax and public expenditure studies for the countries in the region and...

Fiscal Decentralization and Public Subnational Financial Management in Peru

Fiscal Decentralization and Public Subnational Financial Management in Peru »

Source: Fiscal Decentralization and Public Subnational Financial Management in Peru

Volume/Issue: 2006/120

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ehtisham Ahmad , and Mercedes Garcia-Escribano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451863802

Keywords: decentralization, subnational governments, decentralization process, financial management, public financial management, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General,

There is increasing interest in fiscal decentralization in Peru as a mechanism to generate more involved decision-making at the subnational level. This is tempered with a continuing emphasis on overall fiscal stabi...

The Effects of Fiscal Policieson the Economic Development of Women in the Middle East and North Africa

The Effects of Fiscal Policieson the Economic Development of Women in the Middle East and North Africa »

Source: The Effects of Fiscal Policieson the Economic Development of Women in the Middle East and North Africa

Volume/Issue: 2003/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicole Laframboise , and Tea Trumbic

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

ISBN: 9781451875850

Keywords: government social spending, gender bias, public spending, public expenditure, female literacy, Subsidies, and Revenue, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies,

Statistics indicate that the economic and social development of women in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) compares unfavorably with most regions in the world. This paper assesses the influence of government...

Fiscal Sustainability and Resource Mobilization in the Dominican Republic

Fiscal Sustainability and Resource Mobilization in the Dominican Republic »

Source: Fiscal Sustainability and Resource Mobilization in the Dominican Republic

Volume/Issue: 2003/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Oscar Melhado Orellana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2003

ISBN: 9781451843767

Keywords: public debt, central bank, external debt, public sector debt, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

This paper examines fiscal sustainability and resource mobilization in the Dominican Republic. The fiscal position appears to be sustainable, if resource mobilization is strengthened. If expenditure continues to ri...

Togo

Togo »

Source: Togo : Note consultative conjointe sur le document de stratégie pour la réduction de la pauvreté

Volume/Issue: 2011/6

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2011

Language: French

ISBN: 9781462302130

Keywords: expenditure, expenditure chain, fiscal policy, expenditures, health expenditures, public financial management, public subsidies, expenditure survey, medium term expenditure, expenditure frameworks

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Real and Distributive Effects of Petroleum Price Liberalization

Real and Distributive Effects of Petroleum Price Liberalization »

Source: Real and Distributive Effects of Petroleum Price Liberalization : The Case of Indonesia

Volume/Issue: 2003/204

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , and Hong-Sang Jung

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451874525

Keywords: Public expenditure, CGE, petroleum prices, subsidy, income groups, household consumption, household groups, Computable General Equilibrium Models, State and Local Taxation, Subsidies

The impact of higher petroleum prices on the aggregate price level, real growth, and income distribution is appraised within a multisector computable general equilibrium (CGE) model. A reduction in the government s...

Fuel and Food Price Subsidies - Issues and Reform Options

Fuel and Food Price Subsidies - Issues and Reform Options »

Source: Fuel and Food Price Subsidies - Issues and Reform Options

Volume/Issue: 2008/045

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2008

ISBN: 9781498334198

Keywords: Agricultural subsidies, Oil subsidies, Prices, Spillovers, West African Economic and Monetary Union, Public financial management, Producer prices, Budgetary subsidies, Demographic indicators, PP

Government price subsidies are pervasive in developed, emerging, and low-income countries. A subsidy is a form of government intervention resulting in a deviation of an actual price facing consumers and producers f...