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Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557759429.084

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

Since the early 1990s, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have made significant progress in opening their economies to external competition through trade and currency liberalization. This paper analyzes trade and...

Nigeria
			: Experience with Structural Adjustment

Nigeria : Experience with Structural Adjustment »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 April 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756305.084

ISBN: 9781557756305

Keywords: oil exports, agricultural exports, export performance, export prices, export supply

Over the past two decades, Nigeria has not reaped fully the benefits of its national wealth despite its efforts at structural adjustment. This paper concludes that the facts do not justify the negative image that s...

Policies to Promote Competitiveness in Manufacturing in Sub-Saharan Africa

Policies to Promote Competitiveness in Manufacturing in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 August 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9789264187054.071

ISBN: 9789264187054

Keywords: manufactured exports, export performance, industry trade, exporters, tfp

The papers in this volume address three important issues: the role ofexchange-rate policy in enhancing the competitiveness of African manufactured exports; the steps that can be taken to improve production efficien...

Promoting Fiscal Discipline

Promoting Fiscal Discipline »

Series: Books

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Teresa Ter-Minassian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 October 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066090.071

ISBN: 9781589066090

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, fiscal performance, fiscal rules, fiscal discipline

Fiscal discipline is essential to improve and sustain economic performance, maintain macroeconomic stability, and reduce vulnerabilities. Discipline is especially important if countries, industrial as well as devel...

Northern Lights on TIMSS and PIRLS 2011
			: Differences and similarities in the Nordic countries

Northern Lights on TIMSS and PIRLS 2011 : Differences and similarities in the Nordic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Ragnar F. Ólafsson , Liv Sissel Grønmo , Jan-Eric Gustafsson , Júlíus K. Björnsson , Pekka Kupari , Jan Mejding , Kari Nissinen , Louise Rønberg , Monica Rosén , Sari Sulkunen , and Kajsa Yang Hansen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327725

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Classrooms, School Performance, Policy Variations, Learning Outcomes, TIMSS, PIRLS

How is reading literacy taught in Nordic classrooms, and how is this influenced by the curricula?How can we improve mathematics teaching in Nordic classrooms?What is the relationship between school performance and...

Budget System Reform in Emerging Economies
			: The Challenges and the Reform Agenda

Budget System Reform in Emerging Economies : The Challenges and the Reform Agenda »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jack Diamond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 April 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064744.084

ISBN: 9781589064744

Keywords: Budgetary reforms, Public finance, Government accounting, budget management, accrual accounting, performance budgeting, budget systems, budget system

With increasing frequency, the IMF has assisted middle-income countries, especially emerging economies, in adopting the types of budget reforms that have been introduced in many Organization for Economic Cooperatio...

Beyond Adjustment
			: The Asian Experience

Beyond Adjustment : The Asian Experience »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750006.071

ISBN: 9781557750006

Keywords: public enterprise, public enterprises, export promotion, export performance, balance of payments

This book, edited by Paul Streeten, examines the ends and means of adjustment, aspects of trade policy, and lessons from the experience of South and East Asia, as well as comparing the debt situations of Asian and...

Reducing Climate Impact from Fisheries
			: A Study of Fisheries Management and Fuel Tax Concessions in the Nordic Countries

Reducing Climate Impact from Fisheries : A Study of Fisheries Management and Fuel Tax Concessions in the Nordic Countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Nguyen Ngoc Duy , Hans Ellefsen , Ola Flaaten , Jónas Hallgrimsson , Cecilia Hammarlund , Øystein Hermansen , John R. Isaksen , Marko Lindroos , Max Nielsen , Anton Paulrud , Fredrik Salenius , Daniel Schütt , and Staffan Waldo

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327831

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Impact from Human Activities, Global Warming, Marine Ecosystems, Economic Performance, Imposing Management Instruments, Efficient Fleets

Few doubt the impact from human activities on global warming and the negative consequences of rising temperatures for both terrestrial and marine ecosystems. Efficient policy instruments are needed to change the de...

The Political Economy of Northern Regional Development
			: Vol. I

The Political Economy of Northern Regional Development : Vol. I »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Hans Aage , Iulie Aslaksen , Andrée Caron , Gérard Duhaime , Solveig Glomsröd , Jón Haukur Ingimundarson , Anne Ingeborg Myhr , Ivar Jonsson , Jack Kruse , Svein Mathiesen , Joan Nymand Larsen , Rasmus Ole Rasmussen , Birger Poppel , Erik Reinert , Hugo Reinert , Chris Southcott , Gorm Winther , and Lyudmila Zalkind

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9789289320160

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Arctic Regional Economies, Comparative Socio-economic Performance, Self-sufficiency Constraints, Homo Economicus, Environmental Uncertainties, Ethical Values

….Taking the structure and functioning of the Arctic regional economies and the degree of economic dependence as a point of departure, these region's self-reliance and comparative socio-economic performance is anal...

Mergers, Alliances and Acquisitions in the Nordic Agro and Food industry
			:  - present situation and future development

Mergers, Alliances and Acquisitions in the Nordic Agro and Food industry : - present situation and future development »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2004

ISBN: 9789289310161

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Agro and Food Industry, Positive Development, Agricultural Industry, Agricultural Sector, Nordic Agro and Food Industry, Financial Performance

A strong agro and food industry is one of the best means for securing a healthy and stable financial development in the agricultural industry. As the concentration of enterprises in the retail industry and the agro...