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The Evolving Role of Central Banks

The Evolving Role of Central Banks »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557751850.071

ISBN: 9781557751850

Keywords: central bank, banking, monetary policy, national bank, inflation

Central Banks should enjoy a fair degree of autonomy in pursuing price stability to promote long-run growth and prosperity. This volume, edited by Patrick Downes and Reza Vaez-Zadeh, contains the papers presented a...

Macroeconomics and the Environment

Macroeconomics and the Environment »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755360.071

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

Microeconomic policies, dealing with individual industries and economic sectors, have traditionally addressed environmental concerns, but increasingly the environment is being viewed in terms of the macro economy....

Transforming Financial Systems in the Baltics, Russia and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Transforming Financial Systems in the Baltics, Russia and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Series: Books

Author(s): Robert Price , Malcolm Knight , and Arne Petersen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757982.071

ISBN: 9781557757982

Keywords: central bank, foreign exchange, banking, national bank, monetary policy

In 1991, the Baltics, Russia and other countries of the former Soviet Union set out on the road to establishing market economies by lieberalizing prices, dismantling the instruments of central planning, and initiat...

The Use of Economic Instruments in Nordic Environmental Policy 2006-2009

The Use of Economic Instruments in Nordic Environmental Policy 2006-2009 »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Anna Eriksson , Terhi Fitch , Henrik Lindhjem , John Magne Skjelvik , and Lise-Lotte Pade Hansen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9789289319409

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Economic Instruments, Environmental Policy, Policy Instruments, Emissions Trading System, Vehicle Registration Tax, Economy and national budget

The Nordic Council of Ministers publishes regular overview reports on the use of economic instruments in Nordic environmental policy. In this report, Part I presents an overview of the use of economic instruments w...

Using the right environmental indicators: Tracking progress, raising awareness and supporting analysis
			: Nordic perspectives on indicators, statistics and accounts for managing the environment and the pressures from economic activities

Using the right environmental indicators: Tracking progress, raising awareness and supporting analysis : Nordic perspectives on indicators, statistics and accounts for managing the environment and the pressures from economic activities »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Julie L. Hass , and Viveka Palm

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9789289323710

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Indicators, Monitoring Policy, Environmental Policy, Environmental-economic Accounting, Nordic Statistical Institutes, National Statistical Agencies

Finding and using indicators that are most suited for tracking progress, raising awareness and supporting analysis is a challenge. Indicators need to be used in appropriate contexts and should ideally be fit-for-pu...

Selected Decisions Supplement (8th Ed)

Selected Decisions Supplement (8th Ed) »

Series: Selected Decisions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 1978

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484322659.014

ISBN: 9781484322659

Keywords: repurchases, balance of payments, exchange rate, exchange rate policies, national bank

...

Global carbon footprints
			: Methods and import/export corrected results from the Nordic countries in global carbon footprint studies

Global carbon footprints : Methods and import/export corrected results from the Nordic countries in global carbon footprint studies »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Glen Peters , and Christian Solli

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9789289321594

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Carbon Footprints, Economy and national budget, Climate Policy, Territorial Emissions, Emission Inventories, Carbon Leakage

There is increasing public, media and policy interest in the concepts of carbon footprints and the emissions associated with international trade. Many wonder if our growing consumption of imported products offsets...

The use of emissions trading in relation to other means of reducing emissions
			: A Nordic comparative study

The use of emissions trading in relation to other means of reducing emissions : A Nordic comparative study »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9789289313407

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Economy and national budget, Climate Change Strategies, Curb Emissions, Emissions Trading Scheme, European Union, Climate Policies

For quite a long time the Nordic countries have had explicitly formulated climate change strategies and have used various measures intended to curb emissions. Since 1 January 2005 an emissions trading scheme is in...

Nordic Guidelines for Cost-benefit analysis

Nordic Guidelines for Cost-benefit analysis »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9789289315555

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Cost-benefit Analysis, Recognised Decision, Policy Making, Waste Management Sector, Environmental Effects, Economy and national budget

Cost-benefit analysis is a recognised decision support tool with increasing importance in policy making. This publication is a proposal for a stat-of-the-art guideline for cost-benefit analysis in the waste managem...

The economic crisis and its consequences for the environment and environmental policy

The economic crisis and its consequences for the environment and environmental policy »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Elina Berghäll , and Adriaan Perrels

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9789289320863

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Economic Crisis, Environmental Policy, Greenhouse Gas Emission, Climate Mitigation, Green Transformation, Economy and national budget

A review study of the impacts of the economic crisis on the environment and environmental policy in Nordic countries indicates that the short run economic slowdown translates into a levelling or decline of various...