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Atmospheric and catchment mercury concentrations and fluxes in Fennoscandia

Atmospheric and catchment mercury concentrations and fluxes in Fennoscandia »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Katrine Aspmo Pfaffhuber , Torunn Berg , Hannele Hakola , Katriina Kyllönen , John Munthe , Petri Porvari , Matti Verta , and Ingvar Wängberg

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9789289321624

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Measurements in Southern Fennoscandia, Reduction Controls in EU Countries, Arctic Environment, Methyl Mercury Formation, Mercury Mobilization, General Predictions

Measurements in Southern Fennoscandia show a weak declining trend in mercury deposition which can be attributed to reduction controls in EU countries. Deposition of mercury in Arctic areas is likely to be governed...

Tax Revenue Mobilization Episodes in Emerging Markets and Low-Income Countries: Lessons from a New Dataset

Tax Revenue Mobilization Episodes in Emerging Markets and Low-Income Countries: Lessons from a New Dataset »

Source: Tax Revenue Mobilization Episodes in Emerging Markets and Low-Income Countries: Lessons from a New Dataset

Volume/Issue: 2018/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernardin Akitoby , Anja Baum , Clay Hackney , Olamide Harrison , Keyra Primus , and Veronique Salins

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484361535

Keywords: Tax policy, Revenue administration, tax revenue mobilization, General

How do countries mobilize large tax revenue-defined as an average increase in the tax-to-GDP ratio of 0.5 percent per year over three years or more? To answer this question, we build a novel dataset covering 55 epi...

Republic of Madagascar: Fourth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Madagascar

Republic of Madagascar: Fourth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Madagascar »

Source: Republic of Madagascar : Fourth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Madagascar

Volume/Issue: 2019/89

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498305839

Keywords: Credit, Fiscal policy, Development, Economic growth, Revenue mobilization, performance criterion, Proj, prior action, ECF, SDRs

Madagascar's economic recovery continued in 2018, notwithstanding challenges related to the presidential election in November/December 2018. While some economic pressures developed in the second half of 2018, econo...

Republic of Madagascar: Fourth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria—Supplementary Information

Republic of Madagascar: Fourth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria—Supplementary Information »

Source: Republic of Madagascar : Fourth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Madagascar

Volume/Issue: 2019/89

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498305839

Keywords: Credit, Fiscal policy, Development, Economic growth, Revenue mobilization, performance criterion, Proj, prior action, ECF, SDRs

Madagascar's economic recovery continued in 2018, notwithstanding challenges related to the presidential election in November/December 2018. While some economic pressures developed in the second half of 2018, econo...

IMF Executive Board Completes Fourth Review of Extended Credit Facility Arrangement for Madagascar

IMF Executive Board Completes Fourth Review of Extended Credit Facility Arrangement for Madagascar »

Source: Republic of Madagascar : Fourth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Madagascar

Volume/Issue: 2019/89

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498305839

Keywords: Credit, Fiscal policy, Development, Economic growth, Revenue mobilization, performance criterion, Proj, prior action, ECF, SDRs

Madagascar's economic recovery continued in 2018, notwithstanding challenges related to the presidential election in November/December 2018. While some economic pressures developed in the second half of 2018, econo...

Statement by Mr. Raghani, Executive Director for Madagascar, Mr. Razafindramana, Alternate Executive Director, and Mr. Alle, Senior Advisor to Executive Director March 22, 2019

Statement by Mr. Raghani, Executive Director for Madagascar, Mr. Razafindramana, Alternate Executive Director, and Mr. Alle, Senior Advisor to Executive Director March 22, 2019 »

Source: Republic of Madagascar : Fourth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Madagascar

Volume/Issue: 2019/89

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498305839

Keywords: Credit, Fiscal policy, Development, Economic growth, Revenue mobilization, performance criterion, Proj, prior action, ECF, SDRs

Madagascar's economic recovery continued in 2018, notwithstanding challenges related to the presidential election in November/December 2018. While some economic pressures developed in the second half of 2018, econo...

Mobilization Effects of Multilateral Development Banks1

Mobilization Effects of Multilateral Development Banks1 »

Source: Mobilization Effects of Multilateral Development Banks

Volume/Issue: 2019/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chiara Broccolini , Giulia Lotti , Alessandro Maffioli , Andrea Presbitero , and Rodolfo Stucchi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484393864

Keywords: Official development assistance, International bond markets, Sovereign credit ratings, International financial markets, Poverty reduction and development, Multilateral Development Banks;Private Capital Flows;Mobilization Effects;Catalytic Finance;Syndicated loans;syndicated loan;MDB;outcome variable;mobilization;bond issuance

We use loan-level data on syndicated lending to a large sample of developing countries between 1993 and 2017 to estimate the mobilization effects of multilateral development banks (MDBs), controlling for a large se...

Financing the Response to Climate Change

Financing the Response to Climate Change »

Source: Financing the Response to Climate Change

Volume/Issue: 2010/06

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Catherine Pattillo , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2010

ISBN: 9781462386864

Keywords: Climatic changes, Developing countries, Environment, External financing, Resource mobilization, Climate Change, Financing, mitigation, response to climate change, adaptation financing

This note outlines a scheme for mobilizing financing to help developing countries confront the challenges posed by climate change. The idea is to create a 'Green Fund' with the capacity to raise resources on a scal...

Tax Coordination, Tax Competition, and Revenue Mobilization in the West African Economic and Monetary Union

Tax Coordination, Tax Competition, and Revenue Mobilization in the West African Economic and Monetary Union »

Source: Tax Coordination, Tax Competition, and Revenue Mobilization in the West African Economic and Monetary Union

Volume/Issue: 2013/163

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mario Mansour , and Gregoire Rota Graziosi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2013

ISBN: 9781484354216

Keywords: Revenue mobilization, Tax policy, Tax revenues, West African Economic and Monetary Union, tax coordination, tax harmonization, tax competition

We review the current state of the West African Economic and Monetary Union's tax coordination framework, against the main objectives of the WAEMU Treaty of 1994: reduce distortions to intra-community trade, and mo...

The Cost and Benefits of Tax Treaties with Investment Hubs: Findings from Sub-Saharan Africa

The Cost and Benefits of Tax Treaties with Investment Hubs: Findings from Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: The Cost and Benefits of Tax Treaties with Investment Hubs: Findings from Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2018/227

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sebastian Beer , and Jan Loeprick

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484378007

Keywords: Mauritius, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tax evasion, Tax Treaty Policy, Double Tax Treaties, Domestic Resource Mobilization, Business Taxes and Subsidies, Firm

This paper investigates the costs and benefits of concluding double tax treaties with investment hubs. Based on a sample of 41 African economies from 1985-2015, the results suggest that signing treaties with inves...