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New Entrant Allocation in the Nordic Energy Sectors
			:  - An Update

New Entrant Allocation in the Nordic Energy Sectors : - An Update »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9789289316163

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Technologies and Member States, Evidence of Progress, Competitiveness of Member States, Energy Sector, Significantly Reduce, Recommendation for the Future

This report presents an update of the findings of the TemaNord2006:516. The original report showed that phase I allocation plans can distort competition between fuels, technologies and member states. This update sh...

Measuring the Environmental Soundness of Public Procurement in Nordic Countries

Measuring the Environmental Soundness of Public Procurement in Nordic Countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Henna Hauta-Heikkilä , Päivi Kippo-Edlund , Heikki Miettinen , and Ari Nissinen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2005

ISBN: 9789289311175

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Greener Public Purchasing, Integrated Product Policy, Commission Encourages Member States, Environmental Soundness of Public, Environmental Criteria, Specific Environmental Aspects

The importance of Greener Public Purchasing, GPP, has increasingly been recognised by those who work to promote sustainable development. In the communication on Integrated Product Policy, IPP, the EU Commission enc...

Analysis of Enforcement According to REACH

Analysis of Enforcement According to REACH »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9789289313612

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, REACH, Enforcement Authorities and Methods, Analysis of the Enforcement According to REACH, Member States, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals, Nordic Chemicals Group

The European Commission launched on 29 October 2003 its proposal for a new chemical legislation con-cerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH). In August 2004 the Nordi...

Building a Better Union

Building a Better Union »

Source: Building a Better Union : Incentivizing Structural Reforms in the Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2015/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Angana Banerji , Bergljot Barkbu , James John , Tidiane Kinda , Sergejs Saksonovs , Hanni Schoelermann , and Tao Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513517087

Keywords: Structural reform, European economic governance, governance, states, member states, legislation, fiscal, Planning, Coordination, and Reform

The momentum for structural reforms is waning in the euro area at a time when even faster progress is needed to boost productivity and growth, achieve real economic convergence, and improve the resilience of the mo...

Determinants of Foreign Currency Borrowing in the New Member States of the EU

Determinants of Foreign Currency Borrowing in the New Member States of the EU »

Source: Determinants of Foreign Currency Borrowing in the New Member States of the EU

Volume/Issue: 2008/173

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christoph Rosenberg , and Marcel Tirpák

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870312

Keywords: Foreign currency borrowing, new EU member states, foreign currency, exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, currency risk,

The paper investigates the determinants of foreign currency borrowing by the private sector in the new member states of the European Union. We find that striking differences in patterns of foreign currency borrowin...

Wage-Price Setting in New EU Member States

Wage-Price Setting in New EU Member States »

Source: Wage-Price Setting in New EU Member States

Volume/Issue: 2008/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manuela Goretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2008

ISBN: 9781451871012

Keywords: Wage, Price, Labor Market, New EU Member States, wages, labor costs,

This paper analyzes wage- and price-setting relations in new EU member countries. Panel estimates indicate a strong and significant relationship between real wages and labor productivity, as well as evidence of wag...

Policy Credibility and Sovereign Credit

Policy Credibility and Sovereign Credit »

Source: Policy Credibility and Sovereign Credit : The Case of New EU Member States

Volume/Issue: 2007/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , Jirí Jonáš , and David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865653

Keywords: Policy credibility, credit spreads, sovereign ratings, new EU member states, foreign currency, inflation, bond, bonds, real interest rate, Eu New Member States

References to policy credibility, particularly with regard to fiscal policy, are ubiquitous in both economic literature and financial markets, even though it is not directly observable. The case of the EU new membe...

Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment

Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment »

Source: Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment : What Structural Reforms Matter? Evidence from the European Union Single Market

Volume/Issue: 2015/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jesmin Rahman , Ara Stepanyan , Jessie Yang , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 2015

ISBN: 9781513552170

Keywords: Export integration, structural reform, supply chain, new member states, environment, trade, incentives, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

How do countries enhance their exports of goods in a largely tariff-free environment? Our investigation of export performance of new member states in the European Union single market, which provides a natural contr...

Interpreting EU Funds Data for Macroeconomic Analysis in the New Member States

Interpreting EU Funds Data for Macroeconomic Analysis in the New Member States »

Source: Interpreting EU Funds Data for Macroeconomic Analysis in the New Member States

Volume/Issue: 2007/77

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Sierhej , and Christoph Rosenberg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866414

Keywords: EU transfers, new member states, EU funds data, rural development, nuclear safety, nuclear plants, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

Drawing on a dataset suitable for macroeconomic analysis, the paper provides an overview of the magnitudes, purpose and institutional implications of EU-related transfers to and from the new member states. A rough...

Reforming Government Subsidies in the New Member States of the European Union

Reforming Government Subsidies in the New Member States of the European Union »

Source: Reforming Government Subsidies in the New Member States of the European Union

Volume/Issue: 2008/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alex Segura-Ubiergo , Taline Koranchelian , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870237

Keywords: new member states, subsidy reform, state aid to enterprises, energy subsidies, and transportation subsidies, subsidies, subsidy, energy subsidy,

Subsidy reform has been a key component of the pre-accession reform agenda of the 10 new member states that joined the EU in 2004 (EU-10). During the pre-accession period, these countries had to undertake a number...