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What Determines Long-Run Macroeconomic Stability? Democratic Institutions

What Determines Long-Run Macroeconomic Stability? Democratic Institutions »

Source: What Determines Long-Run Macroeconomic Stability? Democratic Institutions

Volume/Issue: 2004/215

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , and Shanker Satyanath

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451875072

Keywords: Macroeconomic instability, political institutions, openness, conflict, inflation, estimation method, statistics, standard deviation, macroeconomic stability, opennes,

We examine the deep determinants of long-run macroeconomic stability in a cross-country framework. We find that conflict, openness, and democratic political institutions have a strong and statistically significant...

Big Data

Big Data »

Source: Big Data : Potential, Challenges and Statistical Implications

Volume/Issue: 2017/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Cornelia Hammer , Diane Kostroch , and Gabriel Quiros

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2017

ISBN: 9781484310908

Keywords: Surveillance, Big Data, Macroeconomic and Financial Statistics, Official Statistics, Data Quality, General, Institutions and the Macroeconomy, Introductory Material

Big data are part of a paradigm shift that is significantly transforming statistical agencies, processes, and data analysis. While administrative and satellite data are already well established, the statistical com...

Currency Demand, the Underground Economy, and, Tax Evasion-The Case of Guyana

Currency Demand, the Underground Economy, and, Tax Evasion-The Case of Guyana »

Source: Currency Demand, the Underground Economy, and, Tax Evasion-The Case of Guyana

Volume/Issue: 2003/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ebrima Faal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2003

ISBN: 9781451842432

Keywords: tax evasion, statistics, tax rates, tax base, equation, Econometric Modeling, Macroeconomic - Aspects of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy,

The persistence in Guyana of a substantial underground economy is an important consequence of economic and social policy over 1964-2000. The paper attempts to estimate the magnitude of, and changes to the undergrou...

Missing Link

Missing Link »

Source: Missing Link : Volatility and the Debt Intolerance Paradox

Volume/Issue: 2004/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luis Catão , and Sandeep Kapur

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2004

ISBN: 9781451847147

Keywords: macroeconomic volatility, probability, statistics, debt intolerance, probabilities, International Lending and Debt Problems,

A striking feature of sovereign lending is that many countries with moderate debt-to-income ratios systematically face higher spreads and more stringent borrowing constraints than others with far higher debt ratios...

Nonresident Deposits in India

Nonresident Deposits in India »

Source: Nonresident Deposits in India : In Search of Return?

Volume/Issue: 2004/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Poonam Gupta , and James Gordon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2004

ISBN: 9781451846768

Keywords: Nonresident Deposits, NRIs, foreign currency, equation, correlation, independent variables, statistics, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Nonreisent Deposits,

This paper analyzes trends in the accumulation of NRI (nonresident Indian) deposits and investigates the determinants of these inflows. It finds that monthly deposit flows have been quite stable since the 1991 cris...

Estimation of the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate for Malawi

Estimation of the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate for Malawi »

Source: Estimation of the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate for Malawi

Volume/Issue: 2003/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Johan Mathisen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2003

ISBN: 9781451852783

Keywords: Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate, exchange rate, real exchange rate, statistics, standard error, cointegration, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper computes Malawi's equilibrium real exchange rate as a function of its fundamentals as derived from economic theory. It finds evidence in favor of the equilibrium approach to exchange rate determination,...

Income from Bonds

Income from Bonds »

Source: Income from Bonds : Treatment in the System of National Accounts 1993

Volume/Issue: 2002/221

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lucie Laliberté

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451875249

Keywords: interest accrual, macroeconomic statistics, bond, discount rate, inflation, financial assets, Economic Methodology,

How to account for interest on bonds in a system as integrated as the System of National Accounts 1993 (1993 SNA) has been a source of much controversy. Two main positions emerge: the debtor treatment based on the...

Data Consistency in IMF Publications

Data Consistency in IMF Publications »

Source: Data Consistency in IMF Publications : Country Staff Reports Versus International Financial Statistics

Volume/Issue: 2005/46

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Cady , and Anthony Pellechio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451860658

Keywords: International Financial Statistics, statistics, current account, balance of payments, public debt, current account balance, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data, International Finance: General

Data published in IMF country staff reports and International Financial Statistics (IFS) may differ for identical variables and, at times, users may be unaware of the reasons for these differences and lack the info...

The Relationship Between Macroeconomic Statistics Guidelines and Accounting Standards

The Relationship Between Macroeconomic Statistics Guidelines and Accounting Standards »

Source: The Relationship Between Macroeconomic Statistics Guidelines and Accounting Standards

Volume/Issue: 2004/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lucie Laliberté

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

ISBN: 9781451875621

Keywords: Macroeconomics, accounting, relation of economics to other disciplines, statistics, accounting standards, equation, national accounting, Economic Methodology: General, Econometric and Statistical Methods: General, Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics: General,

This paper aims to promote harmonization between macroeconomic statistics guidelines and accounting standards. It first highlights recent development that act as drivers to the harmonization of the two systems. It...

Valuation of Unlisted Direct Investment Equity

Valuation of Unlisted Direct Investment Equity »

Source: Valuation of Unlisted Direct Investment Equity

Volume/Issue: 2009/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Elkjaer , Jannick Damgaard , and Emmanuel Kumah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2009

ISBN: 9781451873894

Keywords: Valuation methods, FDI, macroeconomic statistical methodology, estimation techniques, direct investment, independent variables, investors, statistics, central tendency, Methodology for Collecting

This paper analyzes the seven valuation methods for unlisted direct investment equity included in the recently adopted IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, Sixth Edition (BPM6). Bas...