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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

Hiding in the Shadows
			: The Growth of the Underground Economy

Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Dominik Enste , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060968.051

ISBN: 9781589060968

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Hiding in the Shadows
			: The Growth of the Underground Economy

Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Dominik Enste , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 August 2003

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061538.051

ISBN: 9781589061538

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Hiding in the Shadows
			: The Growth of the Underground Economy

Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 June 2003

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061545.051

ISBN: 9781589061545

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Hiding in the Shadows
			: The Growth of the Underground Economy

Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2003

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061552.051

ISBN: 9781589061552

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Sous la protection de l'ombre
			: La croissance de l'économie souterraine

Sous la protection de l'ombre : La croissance de l'économie souterraine »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2003

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061514.051

ISBN: 9781589061514

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Kingdom of the Netherlands

Kingdom of the Netherlands »

Source: Kingdom of the Netherlands : Netherlands: Selected Issues-The Labor Income Tax Credit in an International Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2001/96

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 2001

ISBN: 9781451829471

Keywords: tax credit, tax rate, labor income, tax rates, labor force

Compared with its U.S. and U.K. counterparts, the Labor Tax Credit (LTC) is likely to have more limited effects on incentives for primary-earners to enter the labor force, because of the smaller size of the credit....

Australia

Australia »

Source: Australia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2008/311

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451802184

Keywords: commodity, income taxes, taxes, labor income

This Selected Issues paper on Australia highlights the IMF's new Global Integrated Monetary and Fiscal Model (GIMF), which is used to examine the macroeconomic implications of alternative fiscal responses to higher...

Australia: Selected Issues

Australia: Selected Issues »

Source: Australia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2008/311

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451802184

Keywords: commodity, income taxes, taxes, labor income

This Selected Issues paper on Australia highlights the IMF's new Global Integrated Monetary and Fiscal Model (GIMF), which is used to examine the macroeconomic implications of alternative fiscal responses to higher...

Republic of Estonia: 2014 Article IV Consultation—Staff Report; Press Release; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Estonia

Republic of Estonia: 2014 Article IV Consultation—Staff Report; Press Release; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Estonia »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/112

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484373118

Keywords: labor market, public debt, tax wedge

This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that in 2013, Estonia's recovery from the crisis continued but at a slower pace. Real GDP growth was 0.8 percent, with private consumption providing the main support, al...

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/112

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484373118

Keywords: labor market, public debt, tax wedge

This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that in 2013, Estonia's recovery from the crisis continued but at a slower pace. Real GDP growth was 0.8 percent, with private consumption providing the main support, al...