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Input Shortages in Mixed Economies

Input Shortages in Mixed Economies »

Source: Input Shortages in Mixed Economies : An Application to Indian Manufacturing Industries

Volume/Issue: 1991/56

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ratna Sahay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1991

ISBN: 9781451847666

Keywords: capacity utilization, imported inputs, quantitative restrictions, intermediate inputs, import license

Widespread shortages in key inputs are common in mixed economies of developing countries. These shortages appear to occur at the same time that relatively high rates of capacity underutilization in manufacturing in...

A General Equilibrium Model of Sovereign Default and Business Cycles*

A General Equilibrium Model of Sovereign Default and Business Cycles* »

Source: A General Equilibrium Model of Sovereign Default and Business Cycles

Volume/Issue: 2011/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhanwei Yue , and Enrique Mendoza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

ISBN: 9781462302222

Keywords: Sovereign default, country risk, imported inputs, intermediate goods, debt ratio,

Emerging markets business cycle models treat default risk as part of an exogenous interest rate on working capital, while sovereign default models treat income fluctuations as an exogenous endowment process with ad...

Trade Costs and Location of Foreign Firms in China

Trade Costs and Location of Foreign Firms in China »

Source: Trade Costs and Location of Foreign Firms in China

Volume/Issue: 2005/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451860740

Keywords: trade costs, supply access, fdi, foreign investment, intermediate inputs,

This study examines the determinants of entry into by foreign firms, using information on 515 Chinese industries at the provincial level during 1998-2001. The analysis, rooted in the new economic geography, focuses...

The Pattern of International Trade Between Japan and the Pacific Basin Countries

The Pattern of International Trade Between Japan and the Pacific Basin Countries »

Source: The Pattern of International Trade Between Japan and the Pacific Basin Countries : A Comparison Between 1975 and 1985

Volume/Issue: 1995/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sayuri Shirai

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781451842562

Keywords: intermediate inputs, transport equipment, export share, industry trade, export shares

Using the international input-output tables between Japan and five Pacific Basin countries (Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand) for the years 1975 and 1985, the paper examines the trade structure i...

International Trade in Manufactured Products

International Trade in Manufactured Products »

Source: International Trade in Manufactured Products : A Ricardo-Heckscher-Ohlin Explanation with Monopolistic Competition

Volume/Issue: 2001/41

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ehsan Choudhri , and Dalia Hakura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2001

ISBN: 9781451846102

Keywords: Ricardian and Heckscher-Ohlin models, monopolistic competition, tfp, intermediate goods, trade barriers, intermediate inputs

A large data set on trade in manufactured products is used to evaluate the performance of a model that combines both the Ricardian and Heckscher-Ohlin effects and incorporates monopolistic competition. The paper es...

Trade Liberalization, Intermediate Inputs, and Productivity

Trade Liberalization, Intermediate Inputs, and Productivity »

Source: Trade Liberalization, Intermediate Inputs, and Productivity : Evidence from Indonesia

Volume/Issue: 2005/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti , and Jozef Konings

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451861655

Keywords: inputs, imported inputs, intermediate inputs, foreign ownership, standard errors, international trade, Trade: General, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

This paper estimates the effects of trade liberalization on plant productivity. In contrast to previous studies, we distinguish between productivity gains arising from lower tariffs on final goods relative to lower...

The Sources of Macroeconomic Fluctuations in Developing Countries: Brazil and Korea

The Sources of Macroeconomic Fluctuations in Developing Countries: Brazil and Korea »

Source: The Sources of Macroeconomic Fluctuations in Developing Countries : Brazil and Korea

Volume/Issue: 1996/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Roldos , and Willy Hoffmaister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451922127

Keywords: Brazil, Economic policy, Korea, Republic of, exchange rate, real exchange rate, open economy, external shocks, intermediate inputs

This paper studies the sources of macroeconomic fluctuations in developing countries using a structural VAR approach. Identification of the sources is achieved using long-run restrictions derived from a theoretical...

Measuring Competitiveness

Measuring Competitiveness »

Source: Measuring Competitiveness : Trade in Goods or Tasks?

Volume/Issue: 2013/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484325803

Keywords: Real Effective Exchange Rate, Global Supply Chains, reer, global supply, intermediate inputs, domestic production, gross exports, General

With global supply chains, any value added or production task can be traded as part of goods. This means that competitiveness can be measured either in terms of 'tasks' (Bems and Johnson, 2012), or goods, but with...

The EU Services Directive

The EU Services Directive »

Source: The EU Services Directive : Gains from Further Liberalization

Volume/Issue: 2014/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emilio Fernández Corugedo , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498391726

Keywords: Services sectors, Services Directive, Input-output economics, Growth theory, Competition authorities, competition, intermediate goods, multiplier effects, regulatory barriers, General,

The EU Services Directive was adopted in 2006 to foster competition in services across Europe. However, progress in liberalizing services has fallen short of expectations due to the article 15 of the Directive, whi...

Demand Spillovers and the Collapse of Trade in the Global Recession

Demand Spillovers and the Collapse of Trade in the Global Recession »

Source: Demand Spillovers and the Collapse of Trade in the Global Recession

Volume/Issue: 2010/142

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kei-Mu Yi , Rudolfs Bems , and Robert Johnson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455201259

Keywords: Demand spillovers, trade collapse, input-output model, trade elasticity, domestic demand, intermediate goods, world trade, goods imports, global trade, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

This paper uses a global input-output framework to quantify US and EU demand spillovers and the elasticity of world trade to GDP during the global recession of 2008-2009. We find that 20-30 percent of the decline i...