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Mr. Ricardo's Great Adventure

Mr. Ricardo's Great Adventure »

Source: Mr. Ricardo's Great Adventure : Estimating Fiscal Multipliers in a Truly Intertemporal Model

Volume/Issue: 2006/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Silvia Sgherri , and Tamim Bayoumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2006

ISBN: 9781451864281

Keywords: Fiscal multipliers, Ricardian equivalence, equation, instrumental variables, tax cut,

We estimate tax multipliers in a "Blanchard-Yaari" consumption model where Ricardian equivalence is broken because the private sector discounts the future at a faster rate than the real rate of interest. The model...

The Domestic Credit Supply Response to International Bank Deleveraging

The Domestic Credit Supply Response to International Bank Deleveraging »

Source: The Domestic Credit Supply Response to International Bank Deleveraging : Is Asia Different?

Volume/Issue: 2012/258

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , and Sonali Jain-Chandra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 October 2012

ISBN: 9781475580914

Keywords: Global banks, liquidity shock, cross-border lending, instrumental variables, claims, banking, bank lending, bank for international settlements, instrumental variables., General,

During the global financial crisis, European banks contracted foreign claims on recipient economies sharply. This paper examines the impact of that deleveraging on credit supply in recipient economies, with a parti...

Sharp Instrument: A Stab at Identifying the Causes of Economic Growth

Sharp Instrument: A Stab at Identifying the Causes of Economic Growth »

Source: Sharp Instrument: A Stab at Identifying the Causes of Economic Growth

Volume/Issue: 2018/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , and Lichen Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484357170

Keywords: Productivity, Economic growth, Export sophistication, Weak instrument, Models with Panel Data, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation

We shed new light on the determinants of growth by tackling the blunt and weak instrument problems in the empirical growth literature. As an instrument for each endogenous variable, we propose average values of the...

Service Offshoring, Productivity, and Employment

Service Offshoring, Productivity, and Employment »

Source: Service Offshoring, Productivity, and Employment : Evidence from the United States

Volume/Issue: 2005/238

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti , and Shang-Jin Wei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

ISBN: 9781451862577

Keywords: Offshoring, outsourcing, equation, standard errors, instrumental variables, labor demand, International Factor Movements and International Business,

This paper estimates the effects of offshoring on productivity in U.S. manufacturing industries between 1992 and 2000, using instrumental variables estimation to address the potential endogeneity of offshoring. It...

Tourism Specialization and Economic Development

Tourism Specialization and Economic Development »

Source: Tourism Specialization and Economic Development : Evidence from the UNESCO World Heritage List

Volume/Issue: 2009/176

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Piotrowski , Rabah Arezki , and Reda Cherif

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

ISBN: 9781451873238

Keywords: economic development and growth and instrumental variables, unesco world heritage, heritage, world heritage,

The present paper investigates whether tourism specialization is a viable strategy for development. We estimate standard growth equations augmented with a variable measuring tourism specialization using instrumenta...

Do Fiscal Rules Cause Better Fiscal Balances? A New Instrumental Variable Strategy

Do Fiscal Rules Cause Better Fiscal Balances? A New Instrumental Variable Strategy »

Source: Do Fiscal Rules Cause Better Fiscal Balances? A New Instrumental Variable Strategy

Volume/Issue: 2019/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesca Caselli , and Julien Reynaud

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498300865

Keywords: Fiscal rules, Fiscal balance, Fiscal consolidation, Fiscal framework, Fiscal sustainability, Instrument variable (IV) estimation, Fiscal rules, Fiscal balances., endogeneity, instrumental variable

This paper estimates the causal effect of fiscal rules on fiscal balances in a panel of 142 countries over the period 1985-2015. Our instrumental variable strategy exploits the geographical diffusion of fiscal rule...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Fiscal Decentralization and the Efficiency of Public Service Delivery

Fiscal Decentralization and the Efficiency of Public Service Delivery »

Source: Fiscal Decentralization and the Efficiency of Public Service Delivery

Volume/Issue: 2015/59

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Moussé Sow , and Ivohasina Razafimahefa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2015

ISBN: 9781484351116

Keywords: Decentralization, efficiency, stochastic frontier analysis, fiscal decentralization, public expenditure, expenditure, Methodological Issues: General, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, General, Intergovernmental Relations,

This paper explores the impact of fiscal decentralization on the efficiency of public service delivery. It uses a stochastic frontier method to estimate time-varying efficiency coefficients and analyzes the impact...

Credit Growth and Economic Recovery in Europe After the Global Financial Crisis

Credit Growth and Economic Recovery in Europe After the Global Financial Crisis »

Source: Credit Growth and Economic Recovery in Europe After the Global Financial Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2017/256

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sergei Antoshin , Marco Arena , Nikolay Gueorguiev , Tonny Lybek , John Ralyea , and Etienne Yehoue

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484329610

Keywords: Financial crises, Europe, Economic recovery, credit growth, creditless recoveries, bank profitability, global financial crisis, Models with Panel Data, Single Equation Models, Single Variables

This paper reviews the empirical relationships between credit growth, economic recovery, and bank profitability in Europe after the global financial crisis (GFC). We find that the post-GFC recoveries in Europe have...

Competition and Firm Productivity

Competition and Firm Productivity »

Source: Competition and Firm Productivity : Evidence from Firm-Level Data

Volume/Issue: 2010/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marc Schiffbauer , and Sandra Ospina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982114

Keywords: regulation, entry costs, survey, correlation, instrumental variables, heteroscedasticity, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

This paper presents empirical evidence on the impact of competition on firm productivity. Using firm-level observations from the World Bank Enterprise Survey database, we find a positive and robust causal relations...