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1992 World Economic and Financial Surveys
			: Developments in International Exchange and Payments Systems

1992 World Economic and Financial Surveys : Developments in International Exchange and Payments Systems »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451940589.083

ISBN: 9781451940589

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, exchange rates, foreign currency, industrial countries

This paper describes that in developing countries, the moves toward more flexible exchange rate arrangements and liberalization of exchange controls often occurred in the context of comprehensive macroeconomic adju...

1989 World Economic and Financial Surveys
			: Development in International Exchange and Trade Systems

1989 World Economic and Financial Surveys : Development in International Exchange and Trade Systems »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451940435.083

ISBN: 9781451940435

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, exchange rates, antidumping duties, industrial countries

This paper summarizes major measures taken in the international exchange and trade systems in 1988 and developments in exchange arrangements and the evolution of exchange rates. The exchange arrangements adopted by...

International Financial Statistics Supplement on International Reserves

International Financial Statistics Supplement on International Reserves »

Series: Other Statistical Products

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1983

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451949278.049

ISBN: 9781451949278

Keywords: Statistics, apr, gold, foreign exchange, industrial countries, monetary authorities

This paper presents the Supplement on international reserves, the sixth in the series of supplements to International Financial Statistics (IFS) that comprises textual material commencing with an historical perspec...

Navigating the New Normal in Industrial Countries

Navigating the New Normal in Industrial Countries »

Series: per Jacobson lecture

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455211685.028

ISBN: 9781455211685

Keywords: Financial statements, Public expenditure review, Banking, Unemployment, Public sector, MISC PERIOD, Misc., country, Mohamed A. El-Erian, industrial country

This paper discusses about the fact that longer the recognition problems persist, the greater the risk of continued 'active inertia' and disappointing outcomes. The possibility of policy mistakes and business accid...

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2001

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2001 »

Series: Government Finance Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 December 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060531.043

ISBN: 9781589060531

Keywords: expenditure, total expenditure, capital expenditure, social security, expenditure on goods, expenditures, social security funds, social insurance, unemployment, disability

Detailed annual data for Fund member governments are supplied on revenue income by source (tax, lending, bonds, etc.), and expenditure by sector (defense, education, health, etc.) for all levels of government (nati...

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2002

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2002 »

Series: Government Finance Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061866.043

ISBN: 9781589061866

Keywords: expenditure, total expenditure, capital expenditure, social security, expenditure on goods, expenditures, social security funds, social insurance, unemployment, social insurance fund

Detailed annual data for Fund member governments are supplied on revenue income by source (tax, lending, bonds, etc.), and expenditure by sector (defense, education, health, etc.) for all levels of government (nati...

The Changing Role of the State in the Economy

The Changing Role of the State in the Economy »

Source: The Changing Role of the State in the Economy : A Historical Perspective

Volume/Issue: 1997/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451943450

Keywords: public sector, industrial countries, public spending, public finance, public interest

This paper discusses the role of the state from a historical perspective. It outlines how that role has changed over the past hundred years and discusses the forces that have promoted the changes. In the period bet...

Japan: Economic and Policy Developments

Japan: Economic and Policy Developments »

Source: Japan : Economic and Policy Developments

Volume/Issue: 2000/143

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 November 2000

ISBN: 9781451820546

Keywords: investment, private consumption, public investment, industrial countries, output volatility

Fiscal policy has been strongly expansionary for most of the past decade in Japan. The resulting strain on public finances has made stimulus policies more difficult to maintain. The stance of monetary policy has re...

Japan: Economic and Policy Developments

Japan: Economic and Policy Developments »

Source: Japan : Economic and Policy Developments

Volume/Issue: 2000/143

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 November 2000

ISBN: 9781451820546

Keywords: investment, private consumption, public investment, industrial countries, output volatility

Fiscal policy has been strongly expansionary for most of the past decade in Japan. The resulting strain on public finances has made stimulus policies more difficult to maintain. The stance of monetary policy has re...

Japan: Economic and Policy Developments

Japan: Economic and Policy Developments »

Source: Japan : Economic and Policy Developments

Volume/Issue: 2000/143

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 November 2000

ISBN: 9781451820546

Keywords: investment, private consumption, public investment, industrial countries, output volatility

Fiscal policy has been strongly expansionary for most of the past decade in Japan. The resulting strain on public finances has made stimulus policies more difficult to maintain. The stance of monetary policy has re...