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			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Recording Interest Income in the Balance of Payments1/

Recording Interest Income in the Balance of Payments1/ »

Source: Recording Interest Income in the Balance of Payments

Volume/Issue: 1995/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Harper

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1995

ISBN: 9781451849202

Keywords: Balance of payments, investment income, accrued interest, interest income, current account

In the balance of payments, as well as the national accounts, income refers to the use of factors of production. Accordingly, income should be recorded in the balance of payments during the period or periods in whi...

The Measurement of Reinvested Earnings in the Balance of Payments1/

The Measurement of Reinvested Earnings in the Balance of Payments1/ »

Source: The Measurement of Reinvested Earnings in the Balance of Payments

Volume/Issue: 1995/94

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jack Bame

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781451950724

Keywords: Balance of payments, direct investment, retained earnings, investment income, foreign direct investment, income on equity, Investments

This paper notes that, for the first time, the concept and treatment of reinvested earnings in the Fund's Balance of Payments Manual and the 1993 System of National Accounts are fully harmonized. The paper presents...

Model of the U.S. Current Account

Model of the U.S. Current Account »

Source: Model of the U.S. Current Account

Volume/Issue: 1988/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 1988

ISBN: 9781451981544

Keywords: current account, current account balance, investment income, export prices, balance of payments

This paper presents an econometric model of U.S. current account transactions. The model is used to analyze the factors behind the deterioration in the U.S. external position during the 1980s and to examine the sen...

Samoa

Samoa »

Source: Samoa : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1994/13

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1994

ISBN: 9781451840636

Keywords: central bank, commercial banks, foreign currency, taxable income, balance of payments

This paper reviews economic developments in Western Samoa during 1990-94. Economic growth resumed in 1993, led by a strong recovery in agriculture during the first half of the year and a rebound in tourism. With th...

Classifications of Countries Basedon their Level of Development

Classifications of Countries Basedon their Level of Development »

Source: Classifications of Countries Basedon their Level of Development : How it is Done and How it Could Be Done

Volume/Issue: 2011/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lynge Nielsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455216789

Keywords: Country classification systems, taxonomy, taxonomies, per capita income, balance of payments, exporting countries, Economic Development: General,

The paper analyzes how the UNDP, the World Bank, and the IMF classify countries based on their level of development. These systems are found lacking in clarity with regard to their underlying rationale. The paper a...

Strengthening the Fund's Ability to Assist Low-Income Countries Meet Balance of Payments Needs Arising from Sudden and Exogenous Shocks

Strengthening the Fund's Ability to Assist Low-Income Countries Meet Balance of Payments Needs Arising from Sudden and Exogenous Shocks »

Source: Strengthening the Fund's Ability to Assist Low-Income Countries Meet Balance of Payments Needs Arising from Sudden and Exogenous Shocks

Volume/Issue: 2005/079

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2005

ISBN: 9781498331494

Keywords: Balance of payments assistance, Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Trust, Balance of payments need, Adjustment process, Balance of payments, Terms of trade, Low income developing countries, PP, PRGF

At the Executive Board discussion on the role of the Fund in low-income countries, Directors requested proposals to address the absence of concessional instruments other than the PRGF in the Fund's financial assist...

Income Inequality and Current Account Imbalances

Income Inequality and Current Account Imbalances »

Source: Income Inequality and Current Account Imbalances

Volume/Issue: 2012/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Romain Ranciere , Nathaniel Throckmorton , Michael Kumhof , Claire Lebarz , and Alexander Richter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463930578

Keywords: Current account imbalances, income inequality; financial liberalization., current account, current account deficit, private credit, current account balance, Income Inequality and Current Account Imbalances, Financial Liberalization,

This paper studies the empirical and theoretical link between increases in income inequality and increases in current account deficits. Cross-sectional econometric evidence shows that higher top income shares, and...

Further Debt Relief for Low-Income Countries - Key Issues and Preliminary Considerations

Further Debt Relief for Low-Income Countries - Key Issues and Preliminary Considerations »

Source: Further Debt Relief for Low-Income Countries - Key Issues and Preliminary Considerations

Volume/Issue: 2005/077

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 October 2005

ISBN: 9781498331715

Keywords: Debt relief, Heavily indebted poor countries, Debt sustainability, Balance of payments, Public debt, Low income developing countries, HIPC initiative, HIPC, MDGs, low-income country

The International Monetary and Finance Committee at its 2004 Annual Meetings called on the international community to provide assistance including 'further debt relief' to low-income countries for achieving the Mil...

Estimating Demand for IMF Financing by Low-Income Countries in Response to Shocks

Estimating Demand for IMF Financing by Low-Income Countries in Response to Shocks »

Source: Estimating Demand for IMF Financing by Low-Income Countries in Response to Shocks

Volume/Issue: 2009/263

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yasemin Bal-Gunduz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451874082

Keywords: Low-income countries, IMF financing, exogenous shocks, current account balance, current account, terms of trade, commodity prices,

This paper estimates factors affecting demand for Fund financing by Low-Income Countries (LICs) in response to policy and exogenous shocks. Various economic variables including reserve coverage, current account bal...