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Does Globalization Lower Wages and Export Jobs?

Does Globalization Lower Wages and Export Jobs? »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Matthew Slaughter , and Phillip Swagel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756794.051

ISBN: 9781557756794

Keywords: wages, wage, skilled workers, import competition, international trade

Increased globalization - the international integration of markets for goods, technology, labor, and capital - has coincided in the past 20 years with a shift in demand from less-skilled workers to those with more...

The Effects of European Economic Integration on the Profitability of Industries

The Effects of European Economic Integration on the Profitability of Industries »

Source: The Effects of European Economic Integration on the Profitability of Industries

Volume/Issue: 1998/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

ISBN: 9781451850727

Keywords: Trade Discipline, European Economic Integration, Market Structure, Markups, import penetration, competition, import competition, world price, imperfect competition

This paper examines the effects of intensified international competition on industry profits in six European Union (EU) countries. The paper uses two methods to estimate industry profits. The traditional method use...

The New Protectionism in Industrial Countries

The New Protectionism in Industrial Countries »

Source: The New Protectionism in Industrial Countries : Beyond the Uruguay Round

Volume/Issue: 1994/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Douglas Irwin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1994

ISBN: 9781451972405

Keywords: international trade, import competition, trade restrictions, comparative advantage, domestic firms

This paper presents a broad overview of trade protection in industrial countries from the 1970s to the present. The emphasis of such measures has shifted from the protection of agriculture and basic manufacturing i...

Trade Policy and Market Structure Interactions in Developing Countries

Trade Policy and Market Structure Interactions in Developing Countries »

Source: Trade Policy and Market Structure Interactions in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1989/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 1989

ISBN: 9781451951639

Keywords: equation, free trade, imported inputs, perfect competition, trade regimes

This paper shows that the presence of quotas on imported inputs that are based on installed capacity can lead to capacity underutilization in manufacturing industries of developing countries. A replacement of such...

Does Globalization Lower Wages and Export Jobs?

Does Globalization Lower Wages and Export Jobs? »

Source: Does Globalization Lower Wages and Export Jobs?

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Matthew Slaughter , and Phillip Swagel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756794

Keywords: wages, wage, skilled workers, import competition, international trade

Globalization—the international integration of goods, technology, labor, and capital—is everywhere to be seen. In any large city in any country, Japanese cars ply the streets, a telephone call can arrange th...

The Rise of U.S. Antidumping Activity in Historical Perspective

The Rise of U.S. Antidumping Activity in Historical Perspective »

Source: The Rise of U.S. Antidumping Activity in Historical Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2005/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Douglas Irwin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2005

ISBN: 9781451860504

Keywords: Unfair competition, import remedies, dumping, fair trade laws, antidumping cases, international trade, antidumping policy, import penetration, antidumping duties,

Empirical studies of antidumping activity focus almost exclusively on the period since 1980. This paper puts recent U.S. antidumping experience in historical context by studying the determinants of annual case fili...

The Effect of Globalization on Wages in the Advanced Economies

The Effect of Globalization on Wages in the Advanced Economies »

Source: The Effect of Globalization on Wages in the Advanced Economies

Volume/Issue: 1997/43

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Phillip Swagel , and Matthew Slaughter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1997

ISBN: 9781451846294

Keywords: Globalization, trade and wages, capital mobility, wage, skilled workers, import competition, international trade

This paper examines the effect of globalization on labor markets in the advanced economies, focusing particularly on the claim that increased economic integration has widened the gap between the wages of more skill...

Trade Liberalization, Intermediate Inputs, and Productivity

Trade Liberalization, Intermediate Inputs, and Productivity »

Source: Trade Liberalization, Intermediate Inputs, and Productivity : Evidence from Indonesia

Volume/Issue: 2005/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti , and Jozef Konings

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451861655

Keywords: inputs, imported inputs, intermediate inputs, foreign ownership, standard errors, international trade, Trade: General, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

This paper estimates the effects of trade liberalization on plant productivity. In contrast to previous studies, we distinguish between productivity gains arising from lower tariffs on final goods relative to lower...

Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.1

Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.1 »

Source: Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.

Volume/Issue: 2017/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Xu , and Kaiji Gong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484326008

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Asia and Pacific, United States, Chinese Import Competition, R&D Expenditures, Reallocation, R&D Expenditures, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions

We analyze the impact of rising import competition from China on U.S. innovative activities. Using Compustat data, we find that import competition induces R&D expenditures to be reallocated towards more productive...

What Explains the Decline of the U.S. Labor Share of Income? An Analysis of State and Industry Level Data

What Explains the Decline of the U.S. Labor Share of Income? An Analysis of State and Industry Level Data »

Source: What Explains the Decline of the U.S. Labor Share of Income? An Analysis of State and Industry Level Data

Volume/Issue: 2017/167

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yasser Abdih , and Stephan Danninger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 2017

ISBN: 9781484311004

Keywords: United States, Western Hemisphere, Routine tasks, offshoring, labor share, unions, import competition, Aggregate Factor Income Distribution, General, Trade Unions: Objectives

The U.S. labor share of income has been on a secular downward trajectory since the beginning of the new millennium. Using data that are disaggregated across both state and industry, we show the decline in the labor...