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Recoveries in the Middle East, North Africa, and Pakistan

Recoveries in the Middle East, North Africa, and Pakistan »

Source: Recoveries in the Middle East, North Africa, and Pakistan : Have Macroeconomic Policies Been Effective?

Volume/Issue: 2010/122

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli , and Dalia Hakura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455200818

Keywords: recoveries, investments, hydrocarbon exporting countries, trade openness, recession, export growth, exporters, real export growth,

This paper identifies and documents the properties of output gap recessions and recoveries in the Middle East, North Africa, and Pakistan (MENAP) during the 1980 to 2008 period. It goes on to investigate the key de...

Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes

Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes »

Source: Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes : The Case of Energy Trade Between Russia and Ukraine

Volume/Issue: 2002/235

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451875669

Keywords: Russia, Energy Trade, VAT, Imperfect Competition, oil exports, export price, gas exports, export tax, crude oil, Market Structure and Pricing: General

Under imperfect competition, Russia and Ukraine may choose to deviate from optimal tax considerations which suggest use of a destination-based VAT regime. Oil and gas trade is a major source of Russian tax revenue,...

Recoveries in the Middle East, North Africa, and Pakistan
			: Have Macroeconomic Policies Been Effective?

Recoveries in the Middle East, North Africa, and Pakistan : Have Macroeconomic Policies Been Effective? »

Volume/Issue: 2010/122

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli , and Dalia Hakura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455200818.001

ISBN: 9781455200818

Keywords: recoveries, investments, hydrocarbon exporting countries, trade openness, recession, export growth, exporters, real export growth,

This paper identifies and documents the properties of output gap recessions and recoveries in the Middle East, North Africa, and Pakistan (MENAP) during the 1980 to 2008 period. It goes on to investigate the key de...

Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes
			: The Case of Energy Trade Between Russia and Ukraine

Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes : The Case of Energy Trade Between Russia and Ukraine »

Volume/Issue: 2002/235

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875669.001

ISBN: 9781451875669

Keywords: Russia, Energy Trade, VAT, Imperfect Competition, oil exports, export price, gas exports, export tax, crude oil, Market Structure and Pricing: General

Under imperfect competition, Russia and Ukraine may choose to deviate from optimal tax considerations which suggest use of a destination-based VAT regime. Oil and gas trade is a major source of Russian tax revenue,...