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Evaluating Alternative Approaches to Poverty Alleviation

Evaluating Alternative Approaches to Poverty Alleviation »

Source: Evaluating Alternative Approaches to Poverty Alleviation : Rice Tariffs Versus Targeted Transfers in Madagascar

Volume/Issue: 2008/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul A. Dorosh , David Coady , and Bart Minten

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868715

Keywords: Rice tariffs, targeted transfers, efficiency, distribution, revenue, welfare impact, social welfare, welfare distribution, welfare function, household welfare,

This paper uses a partial equilibrium framework to evaluate the relative efficiency, distributional and revenue implications of rice tariffs and targeted transfers in Madagascar, especially in the context of identi...

Argentina

Argentina »

Source: Argentina : Macroeconomic Crisis and Household Vulnerability

Volume/Issue: 2003/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriela Inchauste , Ana Corbacho , and Mercedes Garcia-Escribano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451851304

Keywords: macroeconomic crisis, household welfare, unemployment, employment, unemployed, unemployment insurance, unemployment rates, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs, General Welfare,

Using urban household surveys, we constructed a panel dataset to study the effects of the Argentine macroeconomic crisis of 1999-2002 with the aim of (1) identifying the most vulnerable households, (2) investigatin...

Public Pension Reform: A Primer

Public Pension Reform: A Primer »

Source: Public Pension Reform : A Primer

Volume/Issue: 2007/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alain Jousten

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2007

ISBN: 9781451865929

Keywords: household behavior, welfare programs, demographic trends, pension, social insurance, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Household, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs, Social Security and Public Pensions,

The present paper reviews key issues in pension design and pension reform encountered all across the world. The paper heavily refers to the recent U.S. Social Security reform debate in general and to the Personal R...

Intrahousehold Allocation of Resources

Intrahousehold Allocation of Resources »

Source: Intrahousehold Allocation of Resources : The Bolivian Family

Volume/Issue: 2001/57

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriela Inchauste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451847772

Keywords: household bargaining, child welfare, family members, extended family, extended families, household type, Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Household,

Recognizing that intrahousehold inequalities exist, this study focuses on the distribution of resources toward children across household types. A bargaining framework is used to test whether it matters who has cont...

Empirical Determinants of Household Saving

Empirical Determinants of Household Saving »

Source: Empirical Determinants of Household Saving : Evidence From OECD Countries

Volume/Issue: 1997/181

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tim Callen , and Christian Thimann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1997

ISBN: 9781451859157

Keywords: Household Saving, Tax Structure, Social Security System, welfare systems, private saving, unemployment

This paper analyzes the empirical determinants of household saving using data from 21 OECD countries for 1975-95. A particular focus is the influence of the tax and social security systems on household saving. The...

Distributional Effects of Oil Price Changeson Household Expenditures

Distributional Effects of Oil Price Changeson Household Expenditures »

Source: Distributional Effects of Oil Price Changeson Household Expenditures : Evidence From Mali

Volume/Issue: 2006/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kangni Kpodar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863512

Keywords: input-output analysis, household welfare, oil products, international oil prices, oil consumption, General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium: Input-Output Tables and Analysis, And Revenue, household Analysis,

Using an input-output approach, this paper assesses the distributional effects of a rise in various petroleum product prices in Mali. The results show that, although rising gasoline and diesel prices affect mainly...

The Impact of Rapid Aging and Pension Reform on Savings and the Labor Supply1

The Impact of Rapid Aging and Pension Reform on Savings and the Labor Supply1 »

Source: The Impact of Rapid Aging and Pension Reform on Savings and the Labor Supply

Volume/Issue: 2019/61

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hui He , Lei Ning , and Dongming Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498302890

Keywords: Pension reforms, Social security, Household survey data, Labor supply, Social welfare programs, Demographic Change, Pension Reform, Saving, Life Cycle, Heterogeneous Agent Model

We study, both empirically and quantitatively, the role of savings and the labor supply in self-insurance channels over the life cycle when one faces not only idiosyncratic income risks, but also changes in longevi...

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis »

Source: Poverty and Social Impact Analysis : Linking Macroeconomic Policies to Poverty Outcomes: Summary of Early Experiences

Volume/Issue: 2003/43

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Caroline Kende-Robb

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2003

ISBN: 9781451846348

Keywords: Macroeconomic policies, expenditure, expenditures, impact analysis, household surveys, Welfare and Poverty: General, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Economywide Country Studies: Africa,

The objective of this paper is to present some early experiences of poverty and social impact analysis (PSIA) from the PRGF-supported programs in the African Department. The paper illustrates that many staff countr...

The Fiscal and Welfare Impacts of Reforming Fuel Subsidies in India

The Fiscal and Welfare Impacts of Reforming Fuel Subsidies in India »

Source: The Fiscal and Welfare Impacts of Reforming Fuel Subsidies in India

Volume/Issue: 2013/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , David Coady , Adil Mohommad , Vimal Thakoor , and James Walsh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484305164

Keywords: Fuel pricing, subsidy reform, distributional impact, compensating transfers, income groups, cash transfers, input-output, cash transfer, direct impact, Input-Output Models

Rising fuel subsidies have contributed to fiscal pressures in India. A key policy concern regarding subsidy reform is the adverse welfare impact on households, in particular poor households. This paper evaluates th...

Optimal Fiscal Spending and Reserve Accumulation Policies under Volatile Aid

Optimal Fiscal Spending and Reserve Accumulation Policies under Volatile Aid »

Source: Optimal Fiscal Spending and Reserve Accumulation Policies under Volatile Aid

Volume/Issue: 2019/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ioana Moldovan , Shu-Chun Susan Yang , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498312110

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, Private consumption, Real interest rates, Government consumption, Public goods, aid, fiscal policy, foreign exchange intervention, optimal policy, low-income countries.

This paper assesses the optimal setting of fiscal spending and foreign exchange rate intervention policies in response to volatile foreign aid, in a small open economy model that incorporates typical features of lo...