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Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment »

Source: Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment : A Review and Synthesis

Volume/Issue: 1993/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth M. Miranda , Ian Parry , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451844443

Keywords: Environment, Government expenditures, Subsidies, subsidy, environmental degradation, environmental policy

Commonly cited environmental instruments in the legal, regulatory, and fiscal domains are intended primarily to address market failures to ensure that environmental degradation and resource use is contained to appr...

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies? »

Source: How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

Volume/Issue: 2015/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Louis Sears , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2015

ISBN: 9781513532196

Keywords: energy subsidies, efficient taxation, deadweight loss, revenue, subsidies, tax, vehicle, traffic, subsidy, Demand and Supply

This paper provides a comprehensive, updated picture of energy subsidies at the global and regional levels. It focuses on the broad notion of post-tax energy subsidies, which arise when consumer prices are below su...

Uganda

Uganda »

Source: Uganda : Managing More Effective Decentralization

Volume/Issue: 2006/279

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giorgio Brosio , Ehtisham Ahmad , and Maria Gonzalez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865394

Keywords: local authorities, local governments, primary education, local government, primary school, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General,

This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy....

Issues in Domestic Petroleum Pricing in Oil-Producing Countries

Issues in Domestic Petroleum Pricing in Oil-Producing Countries »

Source: Issues in Domestic Petroleum Pricing in Oil-Producing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2002/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Benedict Clements , Kevin Fletcher , and Gabriela Inchauste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

ISBN: 9781451856132

Keywords: Oil, petroleum, subsidies, domestic prices, incidence, subsidy, fuel oil, petroleum products, oil exporters, Energy and the Macroeconomy

This paper discusses issues relating to the domestic pricing of petroleum in oil-producing countries. It finds that in most major oil-exporting countries, government policies keep domestic prices below free-market...

The Effects of Fiscal Policieson the Economic Development of Women in the Middle East and North Africa

The Effects of Fiscal Policieson the Economic Development of Women in the Middle East and North Africa »

Source: The Effects of Fiscal Policieson the Economic Development of Women in the Middle East and North Africa

Volume/Issue: 2003/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicole Laframboise , and Tea Trumbic

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

ISBN: 9781451875850

Keywords: government social spending, gender bias, public spending, public expenditure, female literacy, Subsidies, and Revenue, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies,

Statistics indicate that the economic and social development of women in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) compares unfavorably with most regions in the world. This paper assesses the influence of government...

Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications

Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications

Volume/Issue: 2013/004

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

ISBN: 9781498342391

Keywords: Energy sector, Energy taxes, Fiscal reforms, Subsidies, Social safety nets, Consumer subsidies, Economic growth, Government expenditures, Oil exporting countries, energy subsidy

Energy subsidies have wide-ranging economic consequences. While aimed at protecting consumers, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd-out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in...

Fiscal Decentralization and Public Subnational Financial Management in Peru

Fiscal Decentralization and Public Subnational Financial Management in Peru »

Source: Fiscal Decentralization and Public Subnational Financial Management in Peru

Volume/Issue: 2006/120

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ehtisham Ahmad , and Mercedes Garcia-Escribano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451863802

Keywords: decentralization, subnational governments, decentralization process, financial management, public financial management, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General,

There is increasing interest in fiscal decentralization in Peru as a mechanism to generate more involved decision-making at the subnational level. This is tempered with a continuing emphasis on overall fiscal stabi...

On the Design and Effectiveness of Targeted Expenditure Programs

On the Design and Effectiveness of Targeted Expenditure Programs »

Source: On the Design and Effectiveness of Targeted Expenditure Programs

Volume/Issue: 2004/220

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ehtisham Ahmad , and Leonardo Martinez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451875232

Keywords: Fiscal federalism, special purpose transfers, local government, local governments, local government officials, intergovernmental relations, State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue,

This paper argues that both horizontal and intertemporal competition among recipient governments are needed in order to ensure incentives for effective utilization of targeted transfers. This has implications for b...

A Framework for Efficient Government Investment

A Framework for Efficient Government Investment »

Source: A Framework for Efficient Government Investment

Volume/Issue: 2013/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Warner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475579147

Keywords: Welfare economics, scope and performance of government, externalities, cost-benefit analysis, subsidy, private returns, rates of return, investment projects, Structure and Scope of Government, Business Taxes and Subsidies

Welfare economics, scope and performance of government, externalities, public goods, cost-benefit analysis, subsidies economize on spending without losing effectiveness by modifying the conceptual framework guiding...

Slovakia's 2004 Tax and Welfare Reforms

Slovakia's 2004 Tax and Welfare Reforms »

Source: Slovakia's 2004 Tax and Welfare Reforms

Volume/Issue: 2005/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Moore

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451861525

Keywords: tax reform, Slovakia, tax system, tax rates, taxation, tax burden, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs,

The paper reviews Slovakia's comprehensive reforms to its taxation and welfare systems in 2004, including the introduction of a flat-rate income tax and single-rate value-added tax (VAT), and linkage of social bene...