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Uncertainty, Flexible Exchange Rates, and Agglomeration*

Uncertainty, Flexible Exchange Rates, and Agglomeration* »

Source: Uncertainty, Flexible Exchange Rates, and Agglomeration

Volume/Issue: 1998/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luca Ricci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1998

ISBN: 9781451927351

Keywords: Flexible exchange rates, Agglomeration, Two-stage EMU, exchange rate, exchange rate variability, economic geography, exchange rates

This paper shows that exchange rate variability promotes agglomeration of economic activity. Under flexible rates, firms located in large markets have lower variability of sales, reinforcing concentration of firms...

Regional Labor Market Disparities in Belgium

Regional Labor Market Disparities in Belgium »

Source: Regional Labor Market Disparities in Belgium

Volume/Issue: 2002/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcello Estevão

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

ISBN: 9781451855616

Keywords: geography, dynamics, divergences, unemployment, employment, labor force participation, labor force, unemployment rate, Mobility, and Vacancies: General,

Regional labor market discrepancies have been widening in Belgium in the last two decades and are more evident within particular demographic groups. These developments can largely be accounted for by worse matching...

Forecasting ECB Monetary Policy

Forecasting ECB Monetary Policy »

Source: Forecasting ECB Monetary Policy : Accuracy is (Still) a Matter of Geography

Volume/Issue: 2006/41

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Ehrmann , Marcel Fratzscher , and Helge Berger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2006

ISBN: 9781451863017

Keywords: ECB, forecast, geography, history, heterogeneity, Taylor rule, learning, transmission, survey data, communication

Monetary policy in the euro area is conducted within a multicountry, multicultural, and multilingual context involving multiple central banking traditions. How does this heterogeneity affect the ability of economic...

The Valuation Effects of Geographic Diversification

The Valuation Effects of Geographic Diversification »

Source: The Valuation Effects of Geographic Diversification : Evidence From U.S. Banks

Volume/Issue: 2012/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Laeven , Martin Goetz , and Ross Levine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463937119

Keywords: Geographic Corporate diversification, Agency problems, Economies of scope, Corporate insiders, Corporate valuation, deregulation, bank holding, holding company, bank holding company, Firm Organization and Market Structure

This paper assesses the impact of the geographic diversification of bank holding company (BHC) assets across the United States on their market valuations. Using two novel identification strategies based on the dyna...

Institutions Rule

Institutions Rule »

Source: Institutions Rule : The Primacy of Institutions over Integration and Geography in Economic Development

Volume/Issue: 2002/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Francesco Trebbi , and Dani Rodrik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

ISBN: 9781451859621

Keywords: Institutions, integration, geography, equation, statistics, dummy variable, equations, samples, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Capitalist Systems: Political Economy

We estimate the respective contributions of institutions, geography, and trade in determining cross-country income levels using recently developed instruments for institutions and trade. Our results indicate that t...

Institutions versus Geography

Institutions versus Geography »

Source: Institutions versus Geography : Subnational Evidence from the United States

Volume/Issue: 2006/169

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alma Romero-Barrutieta , and Eric Clifton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2006

ISBN: 9781451864298

Keywords: institutions, geography, Appalachia, econometrics, probability, growth rates, instrumental variable, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Development: Regional, Urban

Empirical studies of the impact of geography and institutions on growth and development at the international level have become common place, but the high degree of abstraction at that level has led to calls for sub...

Post-Crisis Changes in Global Bank Business Models: A New Taxonomy1

Post-Crisis Changes in Global Bank Business Models: A New Taxonomy1 »

Source: Post-Crisis Changes in Global Bank Business Models: A New Taxonomy

Volume/Issue: 2019/295

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Caparusso , Yingyuan Chen , Peter Dattels , Rohit Goel , and Paul Hiebert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 December 2019

ISBN: 9781513522883

Keywords: Financial crises, Central banks, Financial services, Banking systems, Financial infrastructure, International banks, Business model, Bank performance, Global Financial Stability, Regulation

The Global Financial Crisis unleashed changes in the operating and regulatory environments for large international banks. This paper proposes a novel taxonomy to identify and track business model evolution for the...

Economic Geography and Wages

Economic Geography and Wages »

Source: Economic Geography and Wages : The Case of Indonesia

Volume/Issue: 2004/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti , and Lisa Cameron

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

ISBN: 9781451850239

Keywords: Agglomeration, vertical linkages, economic geography, cost linkages, demand linkages, market access, wage, benefits, National Security and War, Economic History: Government

The paper finds a significant shift in the economic characteristics of civil conflicts during the1990s. Conflicts have become shorter but with more severe contractions and a stronger recovery of growth. The overall...

Who Can Explain The Mauritian Miracle

Who Can Explain The Mauritian Miracle »

Source: Who Can Explain The Mauritian Miracle : Meade, Romer, Sachs or Rodrik?

Volume/Issue: 2001/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , and Devesh Roy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451853933

Keywords: growth, institutions, geography, openness, export sector, export processing, preferential access, export processing zones, export subsidies, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance

This paper examines different explanations-initial conditions, openness to trade and FDI, and institutions-of the Mauritian growth experience since the mid-1970s. We show that arguments based on openness to trade a...

Breaking the Curse of Sisyphus

Breaking the Curse of Sisyphus »

Source: Breaking the Curse of Sisyphus : An Empirical Analysis of Post-Conflict Economic Transitions

Volume/Issue: 2013/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik , and Mohammad Rahmati

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475531152

Keywords: Civil conflict, conflict recurrence risk, growth, institutions, geography, structural reforms, dynamic panel estimation, post-conflict, real gdp, gdp per capita

This paper provides a broad empirical analysis of the determinants of post-conflict economic transitions across the world during the period 1960-2010, using a dynamic panel estimation approach based on the system-g...