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Fiscal Monitor, October 2019
			: How to Mitigate Climate Change

Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321228.089

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

This report emphasizes the environmental, fiscal, economic, and administrative case for using carbon taxes, or similar pricing schemes such as emission trading systems, to implement climate mitigation strategies. I...

Indirect Taxes on International Aviation

Indirect Taxes on International Aviation »

Source: Indirect Taxes on International Aviation

Volume/Issue: 2006/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jon Strand , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451863840

Keywords: aviation taxes, aviation fuel, fuel tax, airlines, airline, air transport, Air Transportation,

This paper examines the case for internationally coordinated indirect taxes on aviation (as a source of general revenue-not (necessarily) as a source of development finance). The case for such taxes is strong: the...

International Fuel Tax Assessment

International Fuel Tax Assessment »

Source: International Fuel Tax Assessment : An Application to Chile

Volume/Issue: 2011/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , and Jon Strand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

ISBN: 9781462315338

Keywords: gasoline tax, diesel tax, externalities, optimal tax, welfare gains, road, fuel economy, trucks, fuel tax, Energy: Government Policy,

Gasoline and diesel fuel are heavily taxed in many developed and some emerging and developing countries. Outside of the United States and Europe, however, there has been little attempt to quantify the external cost...

Environmental Tax Reform

Environmental Tax Reform »

Source: Environmental Tax Reform : Principles from Theory and Practice to Date

Volume/Issue: 2012/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , John Norregaard , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505283

Keywords: design principles, externalities, fuel taxes, country evaluation, environmental tax, tax systems, tax reform, tax system, Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Energy: Government Policy,

This paper recommends a system of upstream taxes on fossil fuels, combined with refunds for downstream emissions capture, to reduce carbon and local pollution emissions. Motor fuel taxes should also account for con...

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits »

Source: How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries' Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

Volume/Issue: 2014/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Chandara Veung , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498358279

Keywords: carbon pricing, co-benefits, air pollution, fuel taxes, top twenty emitters, benefits, natural gas, fossil fuel, greenhouse gas, Government Policy

This paper calculates, for the top twenty emitting countries, how much pricing of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is in their own national interests due to domestic co-benefits (leaving aside the global climate bene...

Issues in Extractive Resource Taxation

Issues in Extractive Resource Taxation »

Source: Issues in Extractive Resource Taxation : A Review of Research Methods and Models

Volume/Issue: 2012/287

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Smith

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475573466

Keywords: extractive resources, fiscal regimes, tax instruments, fiscal regime, Business Taxes and Subsidies, Mining, Extraction, and Refining: Hydrocarbon Fuels, Mining, Extraction

This paper provides a conceptual overview of economists' attempts to learn about the effects of taxes on extractive resources. The emphasis is on research methods and techniques, with no attempt to provide a compre...

Modeling the Impact of Taxes on Petroleum Exploration and Development

Modeling the Impact of Taxes on Petroleum Exploration and Development »

Source: Modeling the Impact of Taxes on Petroleum Exploration and Development

Volume/Issue: 2012/278

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Smith

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2012

ISBN: 9781557754455

Keywords: petroleum exploration, distortions, fiscal regimes, fiscal regime, tax rates, marginal tax rates, Business Taxes and Subsidies, Mining, Extraction, and Refining: Hydrocarbon Fuels

We present a simple model of petroleum exploration and development that can be applied to study the performance of alternative tax systems and identify potential distortions. Although the model is a highly simplifi...

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates »

Source: Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Volume/Issue: 2019/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Nghia-Piotr Le , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 May 2019

ISBN: 9781484393178

Keywords: Gasoline prices, Consumer subsidies, Sustainable development, Energy prices, Fossil fuels, energy subsidies, efficient taxation, revenue, environment, deadweight loss

This paper updates estimates of fossil fuel subsidies, defined as fuel consumption times the gap between existing and efficient prices (i.e., prices warranted by supply costs, environmental costs, and revenue consi...

IMF Policy Paper: Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects in Low-Income Developing Countries—2019

IMF Policy Paper: Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects in Low-Income Developing Countries—2019 »

Source: Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects in Low-Income Developing Countries-2019

Volume: 19

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2019

ISBN: 9781513522739

Keywords: Low income countries, Financial safety nets, Economic development, Fiscal policy, Tax revenue, Low-income developing countries, Tax policy, Total factor productivity, PP, vat

This paper is the fifth in a series that examines macroeconomic developments and prospects in low-income developing countries (LIDCs). LIDCs are a group of 59 IMF member countries primarily defined by income per ca...

IMF Executive Board Discusses “Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects in Low-Income Developing Countries—2019”

IMF Executive Board Discusses “Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects in Low-Income Developing Countries—2019” »

Source: Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects in Low-Income Developing Countries-2019

Volume: 19

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2019

ISBN: 9781513522739

Keywords: Low income countries, Financial safety nets, Economic development, Fiscal policy, Tax revenue, Low-income developing countries, Tax policy, Total factor productivity, PP, vat

This paper is the fifth in a series that examines macroeconomic developments and prospects in low-income developing countries (LIDCs). LIDCs are a group of 59 IMF member countries primarily defined by income per ca...