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Now or Later? The Political Economy of Public Investment in Democracies*

Now or Later? The Political Economy of Public Investment in Democracies* »

Source: Now or Later? The Political Economy of Public Investment in Democracies

Volume/Issue: 2015/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Estelle Liu , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513583853

Keywords: Political economy, Public Investment, Elections, Fragmentation, Ideology

This paper explores the impact of political and institutional variables on public investment. Working with a sample of 80 presidential and parliamentary democracies between 1975 and 2012, we find that the rate of g...

Fragmented Politics and Public Debt1

Fragmented Politics and Public Debt1 »

Source: Fragmented Politics and Public Debt

Volume/Issue: 2016/190

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ernesto Crivelli , Sanjeev Gupta , Carlos Mulas-Granados , and Carolina Correa-Caro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475537024

Keywords: Public debt; political fragmentation; common pool; veto players

In this paper, we study the impact of fragmented politics on public debt-in particular, between two consecutive legislative elections. Using data for 92 advanced and developing countries during 1975-2015, we find a...

Financial Integration in Latin America
			: A New Strategy for a New Normal

Financial Integration in Latin America : A New Strategy for a New Normal »

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Wouter Bossu , Carlos Caceres , and Diva Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513520247.071

ISBN: 9781513520247

Keywords: Cross-border banking, Financial integration, Latin American regional banking, commodity supercycle, fragmentation, international banking system, growth, policymaking, Latin America, regional financial integration

With growth slowing across much of the Latin America as a result of the end of the commodity supercycle and economic rebalancing in China, as well as fragmentation of the international banking system, policies to s...

The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Banking Globalization

The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Banking Globalization »

Source: The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Banking Globalization

Volume/Issue: 2014/197

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stijn Claessens , and Neeltje Horen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498301435

Keywords: financial globalization, global financial crisis, financial fragmentation, host country, banking, foreign bank, host countries,

Although cross-border bank lending has fallen sharply since the crisis, extending our bank ownership database from 1995-2009 up to 2013 shows only limited retrenchment in foreign bank presence. While banks from OEC...

Breaking the Impediments to Budgetary Reforms

Breaking the Impediments to Budgetary Reforms »

Source: Breaking the Impediments to Budgetary Reforms : Evidence from Europe

Volume/Issue: 2008/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869439

Keywords: Budget institutions, government fragmentation, government ideology, economic shocks, fiscal institutions, budget process, fiscal performance,

Under what conditions are budget institutions likely to be strengthened? We find that fiscal deficits do not help in focusing policymakers on undertaking reforms. To the contrary, the larger the deficit, the lower...

Fragmentation and Monetary Policy in the Euro Area

Fragmentation and Monetary Policy in the Euro Area »

Source: Fragmentation and Monetary Policy in the Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2013/208

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ali Al-Eyd , and Pelin Berkmen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484328750

Keywords: fragmentation, interest, markets, lending, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects),

The ECB has taken a range of actions to address bank funding problems, eliminate excessive risk in sovereign markets, and safeguard monetary transmission. But euro area financial markets have remained fragmented, d...

Donor Competition for Aid Impact, and Aid Fragmentation

Donor Competition for Aid Impact, and Aid Fragmentation »

Source: Donor Competition for Aid Impact, and Aid Fragmentation

Volume/Issue: 2012/204

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kurt Annen , and Luc Moers

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475505542

Keywords: Aid Effectiveness, Aid Fragmentation, Donor Competition, Donor Coordination, humanitarian aid, aid coordination, foreign investment, Analysis of Collective Decision-Making: General,

This paper shows that donors that maximize relative aid impact spread their budgets across many recipient countries in a unique Nash equilibrium, explaining aid fragmentation. This equilibrium may be inefficient ev...

Can Budget Institutions Counteract Political Indiscipline?

Can Budget Institutions Counteract Political Indiscipline? »

Source: Can Budget Institutions Counteract Political Indiscipline?

Volume/Issue: 2006/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451863833

Keywords: budget institutions, electoral rules, government fragmentation, government ideology, ethnic fractionalization, voter turnover, fiscal institutions, fiscal performance, fiscal discipline, Analysis of Collective Decision-Making: General

The budget is an expression of political rather than economic priorities. We confirm this proposition for a group of new and potential members of the European Union, finding that politics dominates. The contemporar...

Chapter 2. Benefits of More Global and Regional Financial Integration in Latin America

Chapter 2. Benefits of More Global and Regional Financial Integration in Latin America »

Source: Financial Integration in Latin America : A New Strategy for a New Normal

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Wouter Bossu , Carlos Caceres , and Diva Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2017

ISBN: 9781513520247

Keywords: Cross-border banking, Financial integration, Latin American regional banking, commodity supercycle, fragmentation, international banking system, growth, policymaking, Latin America, regional financial integration

After a period of endemic economic and financial crises during the 1980s to 1990s, many Latin American countries opened up their previously closed economies to international financial institutions at the tur...

Chapter 3. Barriers to Integration in Banking

Chapter 3. Barriers to Integration in Banking »

Source: Financial Integration in Latin America : A New Strategy for a New Normal

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Wouter Bossu , Carlos Caceres , and Diva Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2017

ISBN: 9781513520247

Keywords: Cross-border banking, Financial integration, Latin American regional banking, commodity supercycle, fragmentation, international banking system, growth, policymaking, Latin America, regional financial integration

Banking systems are the largest financial intermediaries in the LA-7 countries (Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Panama, Peru, and Uruguay), amounting to about 100 percent of LA-7 GDP. Brazil’s banking syste...