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China at the Threshold of a Market Economy

China at the Threshold of a Market Economy »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Michael Bell , Kalpana Kochhar , and Hoe Khor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753496.084

ISBN: 9781557753496

Keywords: foreign trade, foreign investment, regulatory framework, foreign exchange, economic zones

This paper reviews China's experience with market-oriented reform since 1978, including domestic reforms, the opening of the economy to foreign trade and investment, and the decentralization of decision making. It...

Foreign and Intratrade Policies of Arab Countries

Foreign and Intratrade Policies of Arab Countries »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753052.071

ISBN: 9781557753052

Keywords: trade liberalization, exporters, tariff structure, nontariff barriers, foreign trade

The challenge facing the Arab countries to maintain economic growth in the face of the deteriorating terms of trade affecting all developing countries was addressed in a seminar held in Abu Dhabi in early 1992. Thi...

Payments Arrangements and the Expansion of Trade in Eastern and Southern Africa

Payments Arrangements and the Expansion of Trade in Eastern and Southern Africa »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sena Eken , John Laker , and Shailendra Anjaria

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1982

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750792.084

ISBN: 9781557750792

Keywords: intraregional trade, foreign exchange, preferential trade, trade area, preferential trade area

In late 1979, the African Center for Monetary Studies requested, on behalf of the Association of African Central Banks (AACB), that the Fund staff prepare a study describing the existing payments, exchange control,...

The Mongolian People's Republic
			: Toward a Market Economy

The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752079.084

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

This paper is based on an IMF staff report prepared in connection with the application of the Mongolian People's Republic (Mongolia) for membership in the International Monetary Fund. It reviews Mongolia's politica...

The Romanian Economic Reform Program

The Romanian Economic Reform Program »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557751904.084

ISBN: 9781557751904

Keywords: banking, foreign trade, foreign exchange, price liberalization, reform program

This paper outlines the main characteristics and the development of the centrally planned economic sysetm in Romania before the beginnings of the transition to a market eonomy it then presents the design, objective...

Stabilization and Structural Reform in the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic
			: First Stage

Stabilization and Structural Reform in the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic : First Stage »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Bijan Aghevli , Eduardo Borensztein , and Tessa Van der Willigen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752260.084

ISBN: 9781557752260

Keywords: exchange rate, privatization, balance of payments, foreign exchange, foreign trade

On January 1, 1991, the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic launched a comprehensive reform program designed to establish a market economy. This paper charts the progress of the reform program in the context of Czech...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2007, Asia and Pacific

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2007, Asia and Pacific »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066687.086

ISBN: 9781589066687

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, exchange rates, trade flows, hedge funds

Economic developments in Asia have been positive so far in 2007. Growth has been stronger (and in many cases more balanced) than expected across much of the region, again led by China and India, and inflation press...

IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965)
			: Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III:  Documents

IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972511.071

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

This paper comprises documents relating to the history of the IMF, including some that preceded the drafting of the Articles of Agreement. The paper highlights that the first draft of Lord Keynes' plan for a Cleari...

Economic Reform in Hungary Since 1968

Economic Reform in Hungary Since 1968 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): János Somogyi , and Anthony Boote

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752161.084

ISBN: 9781557752161

Keywords: wage, banking, state enterprises, foreign trade, exchange rate

This paper examines Hungary's reforms since 1968. It discusses the government's medium-term adjustment program, unveiled in the fall of 1990, which aims to install the key elements of a market economy in three year...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1971

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1971 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1971

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351830.011

ISBN: 9781616351830

Keywords: balance of payments, gold, foreign trade, repurchases, current account

This paper reviews key findings of the IMF's Annual Report for the fiscal year ended April 30, 1971. The report highlights that the performance of the world economy during 1970 and the first part of 1971 was less t...