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International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity
			: Guidelines for a Data Template

International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity : Guidelines for a Data Template »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Anne Kester

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060586.069

ISBN: 9781589060586

Keywords: foreign currency, reserve assets, foreign exchange, foreign currencies, strike price

International financial crises in the late 1990s revealed that deficiencies in countries' international reserves and related information made it difficult to anticipate and respond to crises by obscuring financial...

Moving to a Flexible Exchange Rate
			: How, When, and How Fast?

Moving to a Flexible Exchange Rate : How, When, and How Fast? »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Rupa Duttagupta , Cem Karacadag , and Gilda Fernandez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064768.051

ISBN: 9781589064768

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, foreign currency, foreign exchange market

A growing number of countries are adopting flexible exchange rate regimes because flexibility offers more protection against external shocks and greater monetary independence. Other countries have made the transiti...

Economic Policy in a Highly Dollarized Economy
			: The Case of Cambodia

Economic Policy in a Highly Dollarized Economy : The Case of Cambodia »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061897.084

ISBN: 9781589061897

Keywords: Dollarization, national bank, inflation, foreign currency, currency board

This study examines the challenges and issues facing policymakers in highly dollarized economies. Focusing on Cambodia, which achieved almost complete dollarization during 1991-95, the authors review recent develop...

The Special Data Dissemination Standard
			: Guide for Subscribers and Users

The Special Data Dissemination Standard : Guide for Subscribers and Users »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065550.069

ISBN: 9781589065550

Keywords: sdds, metadata, website, hyperlinks, foreign currency

The Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) was established by the IMF in 1996 to guide members that already had, or that might seek, access to international capital markets in providing key economic and financi...

Financial Dollarization
			: The Policy Agenda

Financial Dollarization : The Policy Agenda »

Series: Books

Author(s): Adrián Armas , Eduardo Levy Yeyati , and Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781403987594.072

ISBN: 9781403987594

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, foreign currency, central bank

Financial (unofficial) dollarization is widely seen as a critical source of financial fragility in both developing and emerging economies. This volume provides a rigorous and balanced perspective on the causes and...

The Fund Agreement in the Courts Vol.I

The Fund Agreement in the Courts Vol.I »

Series: Books

Author(s): Joseph Gold

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1962

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475507348.071

ISBN: 9781475507348

Keywords: exchange, exchange control, currency, contract, foreign exchange

This volume contains discussions of the body of cases in which the IMF Articles of Agreement have a bearing on issues before the courts....

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2015

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2015 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513528793.012

ISBN: 9781513528793

Keywords: exchange, foreign exchange, exchange rate, currency, market

This is the 66th issue of the AREAER, which provides comprehensive descriptions of the foreign exchange arrangements, exchange and trade systems, and capital controls of all IMF member countries. It describes each...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2016

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2016 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475598148.012

ISBN: 9781475598148

Keywords: exchange, foreign exchange, exchange rate, currency, market

The AREAER provides a description of the foreign exchange arrangements, exchange and trade systems, and capital controls of all IMF Member countries....

Issues in International Exchange and Payments Systems

Issues in International Exchange and Payments Systems »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Quirk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754806.083

ISBN: 9781557754806

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign currency, exchange rates, capital movements

The global trend toward lilberalization in countries international payments and transfer systems has been widespread in both industrial and developing countries and most dramatic in Central and Eastern Europe. Coun...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2008

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2008 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067462.012

ISBN: 9781589067462

Keywords: Exchange rates, Trade, foreign exchange, foreign currency, direct investment, foreign exchange market, foreign investment, foreign exchange position, foreign currencies, multiple currency practices

Published since 1950, this authoritative, annual reference is based upon a unique IMF database that tracks exchange and trade arrangements for all 185 IMF member countries, along with Hong Kong SAR, Aruba, and the...