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Republic of Estonia

Republic of Estonia »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2009/85

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451812541

Keywords: financing constraints, investment, financial constraints, firm size, productivity growth

This Selected Issues paper focuses on financing constraints and productivity in Estonia. The paper examines two questions: (1) is there evidence of financing constraints among Estonian firms; and (2) have financing...

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2009/85

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451812541

Keywords: financing constraints, investment, financial constraints, firm size, productivity growth

This Selected Issues paper focuses on financing constraints and productivity in Estonia. The paper examines two questions: (1) is there evidence of financing constraints among Estonian firms; and (2) have financing...

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2009/85

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451812541

Keywords: financing constraints, investment, financial constraints, firm size, productivity growth

This Selected Issues paper focuses on financing constraints and productivity in Estonia. The paper examines two questions: (1) is there evidence of financing constraints among Estonian firms; and (2) have financing...

Uncertainty and the Employment Dynamics of Small and Large Businesses

Uncertainty and the Employment Dynamics of Small and Large Businesses »

Source: Uncertainty and the Employment Dynamics of Small and Large Businesses

Volume/Issue: 2015/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vivek Ghosal , and Yang Ye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2015

ISBN: 9781475552515

Keywords: uncertainty, small businesses, real-options, financing-constraints, costs, gdp, forecasting, variables, investment, General

We examine the impact of uncertainty on employment dynamics. Alternative measures of uncertainty are constructed based on the survey of professional forecasters, and regressionbased forecasting models for GDP growt...

The Missing Link Between Financial Constraints and Productivity

The Missing Link Between Financial Constraints and Productivity »

Source: The Missing Link Between Financial Constraints and Productivity

Volume/Issue: 2009/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia , and Veerle Slootmaekers

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872194

Keywords: financing constraints, SMEs, equation, correlation, statistics, probability, standard errors,

The global financial crisis has reopened the debate on the potential spillover effects from the financial sector to the real economy. This paper adds to that debate by providing new evidence on the link between fin...

Mortgage Market Development, Savings, and Growth

Mortgage Market Development, Savings, and Growth »

Source: Mortgage Market Development, Savings, and Growth

Volume/Issue: 2001/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Xiaowei Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2001

ISBN: 9781451845457

Keywords: Mortgage, Growth, liquidity constraints, mortgage markets, housing finance, mortgage market,

Jappelli and Pagano (1994) argues that tightening the borrowing constraints in the mortgage markets promotes savings. Employing a six-period overlapping generations model with endogenous growth and a method of simu...

Costly Collateral and the Public Supply of Liquidity

Costly Collateral and the Public Supply of Liquidity »

Source: Costly Collateral and the Public Supply of Liquidity

Volume/Issue: 2000/125

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philip Schellekens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2000

ISBN: 9781451854817

Keywords: Debt Finance, Collateral, Credit Constraints, Asset Price Volatility, entrepreneur, entrepreneurs

This paper addresses two complications arising from the use of collateral requirements in debt contracts between wealth-constrained entrepreneurs and banks. First, costly asset liquidation is found to enhance the s...

Explaining China's Low Consumption

Explaining China's Low Consumption »

Source: Explaining China's Low Consumption : The Neglected Role of Household Income

Volume/Issue: 2007/181

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jahangir Aziz , and Li Cui

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867459

Keywords: Financing Constraints, Rebalancing Growth, employment growth, employment, household income, household survey, national accounts,

The Chinese government has recently focused on the need to increase consumption to rebalance the economy. A widely held view is that despite China's remarkably high growth, the share of consumption in total expendi...

Banks, Firms, and Jobs

Banks, Firms, and Jobs »

Source: Banks, Firms, and Jobs

Volume/Issue: 2017/38

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fabio Berton , Sauro Mocetti , Andrea Presbitero , and Matteo Richiardi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 February 2017

ISBN: 9781475579017

Keywords: Financial crises, Loans, Business enterprises, Banks, Bank credit, Employment, Europe, External shocks, Italy, Labor markets

We analyze the employment effects of financial shocks using a rich data set of job contracts, matched with the universe of firms and their lending banks in one Italian region. To isolate the effect of the financial...

The Composition Matters

The Composition Matters »

Source: The Composition Matters : Capital Inflows and Liquidity Crunch During a Global Economic Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2009/164

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hui Tong , and Shang-Jin Wei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

ISBN: 9781451873115

Keywords: Financial globalization, spillover, liquidity constraints, stock price, working capital, financial dependence, Financial Institutions And Services, Corporate Finance And Governance,

We study whether capital flows affect the degree of credit crunch faced by a country's manufacturing firms during the 2007-09 crisis. Examining 3823 firms in 24 emerging countries, we find that the decline in stock...