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The Cost of Export Subsidies

The Cost of Export Subsidies »

Source: The Cost of Export Subsidies : Evidence From Costa Rica

Volume/Issue: 1991/94

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Hoffmaister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1991

ISBN: 9781451950670

Keywords: subsidy, export subsidies, subsidies, export subsidy, exporters

This paper develops a model to estimate the effects of export subsidies on the supply of exports. Using data for Costa Rica over the 1980’s, it is shown that while the export subsidy scheme in operation led...

Developments in International Trade Policy

Developments in International Trade Policy »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Naheed Kirmani , Lorenzo Pérez , Shailendra Anjaria , and Zubair Iqbal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1982

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750600.084

ISBN: 9781557750600

Keywords: export subsidies, milk, international trade, dairy, world trade

This paper contains further work by the Fund staff on trade issues and developments following the pattern of the surveys prepared in 1978 and 1981, mainly focusing on commercial policies of the major trading nation...

Credibility and the Cost of Export Subsidies

Credibility and the Cost of Export Subsidies »

Source: Credibility and the Cost of Export Subsidies

Volume/Issue: 1991/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Hoffmaister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1991

ISBN: 9781451855081

Keywords: subsidy, exporters, export subsidies, export promotion, subsidies, Cost of Export Subsidies,

Recurring balance of payments crises in countries that pursued import substitution have led some of them to establish a variety of export incentives, in particular subsidies, as a way to revive and re-orient their...

The European Community's Trade and Trade-Related Industrial Policies

The European Community's Trade and Trade-Related Industrial Policies »

Source: The European Community's Trade and Trade-Related Industrial Policies

Volume/Issue: 1992/94

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Miranda Xafa , Joslin Landell-Mills , and Roger Kronenberg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1992

ISBN: 9781451950687

Keywords: export subsidies, internal market, antidumping duties, export restrictions, competition policy

This paper examines the objectives and instruments of trade policy in the European Community (EC) from 1987 until mid-1992. It reviews the Community’s institutional setting and policy environment as backgrou...

Protectionism: Increasing restrictions on trade; implications for developing countries

Protectionism: Increasing restrictions on trade; implications for developing countries »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1983

Volume/Issue: 20/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1983

ISBN: 9781616353520

Keywords: trade policies, international trade, export performance, export subsidies, world trade

This paper examines the policy of protectionism in world trade. It reviews alternatives to trade restrictions, factors influencing trade policies, and implications of protection for developing countries. The paper...

Capital utilization in manufacturing: A study of optimal levels of utilization in selected developing countries; some policy advice

Capital utilization in manufacturing: A study of optimal levels of utilization in selected developing countries; some policy advice »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1983

Volume/Issue: 20/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1983

ISBN: 9781616353520

Keywords: trade policies, international trade, export performance, export subsidies, world trade

This paper examines the policy of protectionism in world trade. It reviews alternatives to trade restrictions, factors influencing trade policies, and implications of protection for developing countries. The paper...

Toward a more orderly exchange rate system: Exchange rate instability and how to reduce it

Toward a more orderly exchange rate system: Exchange rate instability and how to reduce it »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1983

Volume/Issue: 20/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1983

ISBN: 9781616353520

Keywords: trade policies, international trade, export performance, export subsidies, world trade

This paper examines the policy of protectionism in world trade. It reviews alternatives to trade restrictions, factors influencing trade policies, and implications of protection for developing countries. The paper...

Devaluation in developing countries: the difficult choices: Often bitter, but better than the alternatives

Devaluation in developing countries: the difficult choices: Often bitter, but better than the alternatives »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1983

Volume/Issue: 20/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1983

ISBN: 9781616353520

Keywords: trade policies, international trade, export performance, export subsidies, world trade

This paper examines the policy of protectionism in world trade. It reviews alternatives to trade restrictions, factors influencing trade policies, and implications of protection for developing countries. The paper...

Improving the quality of education in developing countries: Better instruction and teaching tools are needed

Improving the quality of education in developing countries: Better instruction and teaching tools are needed »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1983

Volume/Issue: 20/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1983

ISBN: 9781616353520

Keywords: trade policies, international trade, export performance, export subsidies, world trade

This paper examines the policy of protectionism in world trade. It reviews alternatives to trade restrictions, factors influencing trade policies, and implications of protection for developing countries. The paper...

External debt—the continuing problem

External debt—the continuing problem »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1983

Volume/Issue: 20/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1983

ISBN: 9781616353520

Keywords: trade policies, international trade, export performance, export subsidies, world trade

This paper examines the policy of protectionism in world trade. It reviews alternatives to trade restrictions, factors influencing trade policies, and implications of protection for developing countries. The paper...