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			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Selected WTO Rules and Some Implications for Fund Policy Advice

Selected WTO Rules and Some Implications for Fund Policy Advice »

Source: Selected WTO Rules and Some Implications for Fund Policy Advice

Volume/Issue: 1996/23

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thierry Buchs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1996

ISBN: 9781451921113

Keywords: export subsidies, export performance, trade-related investment, trade-related investment measures, transition economies

The paper surveys six WTO agreements selected on the basis of their potential relevance for Fund-supported programs, namely Customs Valuation, Subsidies, Safeguards, Antidumping, Trade-Related Investment Measures,...

Outsourcing Tariff Evasion

Outsourcing Tariff Evasion »

Source: Outsourcing Tariff Evasion : A New Explanation for Entrepôt Trade

Volume/Issue: 2005/102

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861211

Keywords: Tax Evasion, Indirect Trade, tariff rate, tariff rates, indirect export, indirect exports, export rate, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue,

Traditional explanations for indirect trade carried out through an entrepôt have focused on savings in transport costs and on the role of specialized agents in processing and distribution. We provide an alternative...

Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications

Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform - Lessons and Implications

Volume/Issue: 2013/004

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

ISBN: 9781498342391

Keywords: Energy sector, Energy taxes, Fiscal reforms, Subsidies, Social safety nets, Consumer subsidies, Economic growth, Government expenditures, Oil exporting countries, energy subsidy

Energy subsidies have wide-ranging economic consequences. While aimed at protecting consumers, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd-out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in...

Petroleum Product Subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies »

Source: Petroleum Product Subsidies : Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise

Volume/Issue: 2010/05

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Piotrowski , David Coady , Justin Tyson , Rolando Ossowski , Robert Gillingham , and Shamsuddin Tareq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2010

ISBN: 9781455239108

Keywords: Commodity price fluctuations, Oil exporting countries, Oil product prices, Oil subsidies, Price stabilization, Fiscal reforms, Governance, Taxes, Subsidies, Petroleum products

Petroleum product subsidies have again started to increase with the rebound in international prices. This note reviews recent developments in subsidy levels and argues that reforming the policy framework for settin...

Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: Experiences and Lessons

Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: Experiences and Lessons »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Volume: 13

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

The reform of energy subsidies is an important but challenging issue for sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. There is a relatively large theoretical and empirical literature on this issue. While this paper relies...

Who Can Explain The Mauritian Miracle

Who Can Explain The Mauritian Miracle »

Source: Who Can Explain The Mauritian Miracle : Meade, Romer, Sachs or Rodrik?

Volume/Issue: 2001/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , and Devesh Roy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451853933

Keywords: growth, institutions, geography, openness, export sector, export processing, preferential access, export processing zones, export subsidies, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance

This paper examines different explanations-initial conditions, openness to trade and FDI, and institutions-of the Mauritian growth experience since the mid-1970s. We show that arguments based on openness to trade a...

Market Access for Developing Country Exports - Selected Issues

Market Access for Developing Country Exports - Selected Issues »

Source: Market Access for Developing Country Exports - Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2002/045

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2002

ISBN: 9781498328203

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Agriculture, Developing countries, Trade liberalization, Balance of payments, Economic reforms, Agricultural trade, Trade policy, Comparative advantage, PP

In this paper, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have drawn together available research findings on the benefits of trade liberalization as well as on the obstacles to trade-oriented development....

Appendix 1: Survey of Fuel and Electricity Subsidies in Sub-Saharan Africa29

Appendix 1: Survey of Fuel and Electricity Subsidies in Sub-Saharan Africa29 »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

This apppendix summarizes the results of a survey on fuel and electricity subsidies in sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries based on the responses to a questionnaire circulated to International Monetary Fund...