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Political Budget Cycles in Papua New Guinea

Political Budget Cycles in Papua New Guinea »

Source: Political Budget Cycles in Papua New Guinea

Volume/Issue: 2007/219

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ebrima Faal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2007

ISBN: 9781451867831

Keywords: Politics, elections, election, expenditure, voters,

This paper assesses the presence of opportunistic electoral budget cycles in Papua New Guinea. Using quarterly time series data, a clear pattern emerges of pre-election manipulations of fiscal policy by incumbent g...

By Laws, Rules and Regulations

By Laws, Rules and Regulations »

Series: By Laws, Rules & Regulations

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062931.016

ISBN: 9781589062931

Keywords: voting, staff retirement, retirement, voting rights, election

This paper discusses the 59th issue of the By-Laws and Rules and Regulations of the IMF. The By-Laws are adopted under the authority of, and are intended to be complementary to, the Articles of Agreement of the IMF...

By-Laws, Rules and Regulations

By-Laws, Rules and Regulations »

Series: By Laws, Rules & Regulations

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352158.016

ISBN: 9781616352158

Keywords: voting, regulations, salary, voting rights, election

This paper describes by-laws of the IMF. These by-laws state that special meetings of the Board of Governors may be called at any time by the Board of Governors or the Executive Board and shall be called upon the r...

Articles of Agreement

Articles of Agreement »

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351045.013

ISBN: 9781616351045

Keywords: voting, general resources account, voting power, election, balance of payments

Last issued in 1992, this new release of the IMF's Articles of Agreement for 2011 includes changes to the Articles resulting from the adoption of the Fourth Amendment on August 10, 2009, as well as the Fifth and Si...

Summary Proceedings of the Sixtieth Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors

Summary Proceedings of the Sixtieth Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors »

Series: Summary Proceedings

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066489.015

ISBN: 9781589066489

Keywords: debt, debt relief, world economy, oil prices, election

The speeches made by officials attending the IMF-World Bank Annual Meetings are published in this volume, along with the press communiqués issued by the International Monetary and Financial Committee and the Develo...

Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund. Adopted at the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference, Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, July 22, 1944. Entered into force December 27, 1945. Amended effective July 28, 1969...; amended effective April 1, 1978...; and amended effective November 11, 1992...
			: Adopted at the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference, Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, July 22, 1944

Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund. Adopted at the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference, Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, July 22, 1944. Entered into force December 27, 1945. Amended effective July 28, 1969...; amended effective April 1, 1978...; and amended effective November 11, 1992... : Adopted at the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference, Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, July 22, 1944 »

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752765.013

ISBN: 9781557752765

Keywords: voting, voting power, exchange arrangements, election, exchange rates

Revised in 1993, this edition incorporates the Third Amendment of the Articles of Agreement. Reprinted in December 2004. Reprinted in January 2008 (200 copies)...

Fiscal Politics

Fiscal Politics »

Series: Books

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475547900.071

ISBN: 9781475547900

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Budgets, Politics, Political Economy, Elections, Institutions, Parties

Two main themes of the book are that (1) politics can distort optimal fiscal policy through elections and through political fragmentation, and (2) rules and institutions can attenuate the negative effects of this d...

On the Buyability of Voting Bodies

On the Buyability of Voting Bodies »

Source: On the Buyability of Voting Bodies

Volume/Issue: 2007/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Felix Vardy , and John Morgan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867299

Keywords: Vote buying, lobbying, elections, voters, voting, voter, election,

We study vote buying by competing interest groups in a variety of electoral and contractual settings. While increasing the size of a voting body reduces its buyability in the absence of competition, we show that la...

Political Business Cycles and Expenditure Policies in Developing Countries

Political Business Cycles and Expenditure Policies in Developing Countries »

Source: Political Business Cycles and Expenditure Policies in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1994/121

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ludger Schuknecht

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1994

ISBN: 9781451854312

Keywords: elections, election, fiscal balance, fiscal policies, capital expenditure

The paper studies empirically fiscal policies around elections in 35 developing countries. It finds that governments try to improve their reelection prospects with the help of expansionary expenditure policies. Ris...

Political Instability and Economic Vulnerability

Political Instability and Economic Vulnerability »

Source: Political Instability and Economic Vulnerability

Volume/Issue: 1999/46

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Mulder , and Matthieu Bussière

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1999

ISBN: 9781451846539

Keywords: vulnerability indicators, political cycle, economic crises, emerging markets, elections, election, political variables, political instability, presidential elections

This paper analyzes and tests the influence of political instability on economic vulnerability in the context of the 1994 and 1997 crises episodes. It constructs four political variables that aim at quantifying pol...