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Brazil

Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom.

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2019, Sub-Saharan Africa

Recovery Amid Elevated Uncertainty

The economic recovery in sub-Saharan Africa is expected to continue, but at a slower pace than envisaged in October 2018.

Ghana
			: Economic Development in a Democratic Environment

Ghana : Economic Development in a Democratic Environment »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joachim Harnack , Sérgio Leite , Stefania Fabrizio , Luisa Zanforlin , Girma Begashaw , and Anthony Pellechio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557759603.084

ISBN: 9781557759603

Keywords: Development, Economic recovery

...

Brazil
			: Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Brazil : Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery »

Series: Books

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , and Krishna Srinivasan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 March 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339749.071

ISBN: 9781484339749

Keywords: Brazil, Corruption, Economic conditions, Economic recession, Economic recovery, Trade, economic history

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom. Reasons for the historic bust following a boom are manifold. Policy mistakes were an important contribut...

Stabilization and Reform in Latin America
			: A Macroeconomic Perspective of the Experience Since the 1990s

Stabilization and Reform in Latin America : A Macroeconomic Perspective of the Experience Since the 1990s »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Agnes Belaisch , Charles Collyns , Paula De Masi , Guy Meredith , Anoop Singh , Reva Krieger , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062504.084

ISBN: 9781589062504

Keywords: Economic reforms, Economic recovery, Latin America, exchange rate, inflation, banking, exchange rate regimes, dollarization

This study examines external and domestic influences on Latin America's economic performance over the past decade and a half. It notes that over the past few years, macroeconomic policies have strengthened and stru...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Ghana : Economic Development in a Democratic Environment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joachim Harnack , Sérgio Leite , Stefania Fabrizio , Luisa Zanforlin , Girma Begashaw , and Anthony Pellechio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2000

ISBN: 9781557759603

Keywords: Development, Economic recovery

In 1992 Ghana held its first elections in over a decade, taking a decisive step in the return to democratic rule. Although many countries in Africa moved to democracy in the 1990s, Ghana had rea...

II Poverty Reduction Strategy

II Poverty Reduction Strategy »

Source: Ghana : Economic Development in a Democratic Environment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joachim Harnack , Sérgio Leite , Stefania Fabrizio , Luisa Zanforlin , Girma Begashaw , and Anthony Pellechio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2000

ISBN: 9781557759603

Keywords: Development, Economic recovery

The high-profile political process that launched constitutional democracy in the 1990s and generated Ghana– Vision 2020 placed poverty reduction at the center of economic policy. The main themes...

III Patterns of Growth

III Patterns of Growth »

Source: Ghana : Economic Development in a Democratic Environment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joachim Harnack , Sérgio Leite , Stefania Fabrizio , Luisa Zanforlin , Girma Begashaw , and Anthony Pellechio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2000

ISBN: 9781557759603

Keywords: Development, Economic recovery

In the period following the 1966 military coup that overthrew Ghana’s first president, political unrest and centralized, inward-looking development policies led to declining GDP per capita and s...

IV Cocoa Reforms: An Experiment in Participatory Decision Making

IV Cocoa Reforms: An Experiment in Participatory Decision Making »

Source: Ghana : Economic Development in a Democratic Environment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joachim Harnack , Sérgio Leite , Stefania Fabrizio , Luisa Zanforlin , Girma Begashaw , and Anthony Pellechio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2000

ISBN: 9781557759603

Keywords: Development, Economic recovery

Ghana’s cocoa production peaked at 581,000 metric tons during the 1964/65 crop season, making Ghana the world’s largest producer of cocoa, with 38 percent of world production. Production then pl...

V Fiscal Performance and Reforms

V Fiscal Performance and Reforms »

Source: Ghana : Economic Development in a Democratic Environment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joachim Harnack , Sérgio Leite , Stefania Fabrizio , Luisa Zanforlin , Girma Begashaw , and Anthony Pellechio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2000

ISBN: 9781557759603

Keywords: Development, Economic recovery

Ghana’s economic performance improved markedly following the adoption in 1983 of the Economic Recovery Program (ERP), which entailed substantial fiscal adjustment and reform along with tight mon...

VI Coping with Painful Choices: Public Sector Reforms

VI Coping with Painful Choices: Public Sector Reforms »

Source: Ghana : Economic Development in a Democratic Environment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joachim Harnack , Sérgio Leite , Stefania Fabrizio , Luisa Zanforlin , Girma Begashaw , and Anthony Pellechio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2000

ISBN: 9781557759603

Keywords: Development, Economic recovery

Since the early 1980s the government of Ghana has grappled with the need to reform the public sector. Several public service reform initiatives have been undertaken, but they have fallen short o...

VII Divestiture: Obstacles and Achievements

VII Divestiture: Obstacles and Achievements »

Source: Ghana : Economic Development in a Democratic Environment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joachim Harnack , Sérgio Leite , Stefania Fabrizio , Luisa Zanforlin , Girma Begashaw , and Anthony Pellechio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2000

ISBN: 9781557759603

Keywords: Development, Economic recovery

After achieving independence, Ghana chose a state-centered approach to economic development. By the early 1980s the public sector completely dominated production, accounting for 75 percent of fo...