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Albania

Albania »

Source: Albania : Income Distribution, Poverty, and Social Safety Nets in the Transition, 1991-1993

Volume/Issue: 1994/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1994

ISBN: 9781451854541

Keywords: social assistance, wage, benefits, unemployment, dependents

This paper examines developments in Albania’s income distribution and poverty during the transition to a market-oriented economy. It pays particular attention to the impact of price liberalization on the agr...

Why Do Bank-Dependent Firms Bear Interest-Rate Risk?

Why Do Bank-Dependent Firms Bear Interest-Rate Risk? »

Source: Why Do Bank-Dependent Firms Bear Interest-Rate Risk?

Volume/Issue: 2017/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Divya Kirti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475568974

Keywords: Corporate finance, Interest-rate risk, bank lending, bank-dependent firms, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

I document that floating-rate loans from banks (particularly important for bank-dependent firms) drive most variation in firms' exposure to interest rates. I argue that banks lend to firms at floating rates because...

Size Dependent Policies, Informality and Misallocation

Size Dependent Policies, Informality and Misallocation »

Source: Size Dependent Policies, Informality and Misallocation

Volume/Issue: 2018/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Laura Jaramillo , Frederico Lima , and Alexandre Sollaci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 August 2018

ISBN: 9781484372340

Keywords: Productivity, Employment, Underground economy, Unemployment, Wages, size-dependent policies, misallocation, informality, General, Informal Economy

We examine the effect of size-dependent policies in developing economies by focusing on a set of regulations that are applicable to firms with 20 or more formal employees in Peru. Firms can adjust to the regulation...

Redistribution, Inequality, and Growth

Redistribution, Inequality, and Growth »

Source: Redistribution, Inequality, and Growth

Volume/Issue: 2014/2

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Andrew Berg , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 February 2014

ISBN: 9781484352076

Keywords: Redistribution, Inequality, Growth, gini, redistributive transfers, income distribution, dependent variable, gini coefficient, and Growth,

The Fund has recognized in recent years that one cannot separate issues of economic growth and stability on one hand and equality on the other. Indeed, there is a strong case for considering inequality and an inabi...

What Happens to Social Spending in IMF-Supported Programs?1

What Happens to Social Spending in IMF-Supported Programs?1 »

Source: What Happens to Social Spending in IMF-Supported Programs?

Volume/Issue: 2011/15

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Masahiro Nozaki , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2011

ISBN: 9781463935146

Keywords: Fiscal policy, IMF, social spending, health spending, dependent variable, public spending, health expenditures,

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

National Income and Its Distribution*

National Income and Its Distribution* »

Source: National Income and Its Distribution

Volume/Issue: 2014/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Bruckner , Era Dabla-Norris , and Mark Gradstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 June 2014

ISBN: 9781498347815

Keywords: inequality, growth, gini, gini coefficient, dependent variable, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Does the distribution of income within a country become more equal as it grows richer? This paper uses plausibly exogenous variations in trade-weighted world income and international oil price shocks as instruments...

Financial Deepening, Property Rights and Poverty

Financial Deepening, Property Rights and Poverty »

Source: Financial Deepening, Property Rights and Poverty : Evidence From Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2011/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yifei Huang , and Raju Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

ISBN: 9781462305230

Keywords: financial development, property rights, dependent variable, gini coefficient, descriptive statistics, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Financial Economics: General,

Recent studies on the relationship between financial development and poverty have been inconclusive. Some claim that, by allowing more entrepreneurs to obtain financing, financial development improves the allocatio...

Do Asset Price Drops Foreshadow Recessions?

Do Asset Price Drops Foreshadow Recessions? »

Source: Do Asset Price Drops Foreshadow Recessions?

Volume/Issue: 2013/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Bluedorn , Jörg Decressin , and Marco Terrones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484353363

Keywords: Macroeconomic forecasting, Uncertainty, Binary dependent variable models, price, prices, market, spread, volatility, Forecasting and Simulation, Financial Forecasting and Simulation,

This paper examines the usefulness of asset prices in predicting recessions in the G-7 countries. It finds that asset price drops are significantly associated with the beginning of a recession in these countries. I...

Fiscal Limits, External Debt, and Fiscal Policy in Developing Countries*

Fiscal Limits, External Debt, and Fiscal Policy in Developing Countries* »

Source: Fiscal Limits, External Debt, and Fiscal Policy in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2014/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Huixin Bi , Wenyi Shen , and Susan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 2014

ISBN: 9781475521665

Keywords: fiscal limits, sovereign default risk, state-dependent fiscal multiplier, government spending, tax rates, External Debt, and Fiscal Policy in Developing Countries, General,

This paper studies fiscal policy effects in developing countries with external debt and sovereign default risks. State-dependent distributions of fiscal limits are simulated based on macroeconomic uncertainty and f...

Land Distribution and Financial System Development1

Land Distribution and Financial System Development1 »

Source: Land Distribution and Financial System Development

Volume/Issue: 2007/83

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dietrich Vollrath , and Lennart Erickson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866476

Keywords: Land Inequality, Financial Development, gini coefficient, financial system, financial sector, dependent variable, Aggregate Factor Income Distribution, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation,

Research on credit markets from developing economies, as well as work on the origin of institutions in general, has suggested that land inequality may play a role in determining financial development. In this paper...