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New Zealand

New Zealand »

Source: New Zealand : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2011/103

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2011

ISBN: 9781455274512

Keywords: private saving, dependency ratio, life expectancy, age dependency ratio

The Savings Working Group in New Zealand presented recommendations in February 2011, and suggested raising national saving by 2-3 percent of GDP. The increase in net public saving in the country explains part of th...

New Zealand: Selected Issues

New Zealand: Selected Issues »

Source: New Zealand : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2011/103

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2011

ISBN: 9781455274512

Keywords: private saving, dependency ratio, life expectancy, age dependency ratio

The Savings Working Group in New Zealand presented recommendations in February 2011, and suggested raising national saving by 2-3 percent of GDP. The increase in net public saving in the country explains part of th...

Macroeconomic Effects of Prelected Population Aging in Industrial Countries

Macroeconomic Effects of Prelected Population Aging in Industrial Countries »

Source: Macroeconomic Effects of Prelected Population Aging in Industrial Countries

Volume/Issue: 1990/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson , and Ralph Tryon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1990

ISBN: 9781451929553

Keywords: dependency ratio, dependency ratios, private saving, labor force, demographic shift

The effects of population aging are examined with the aid of a theoretical model and simulations of MULTIMOD. An older population will consume more of aggregate disposable income, require higher government expendit...

Dependency Rates and Private Savings Behavior in Developing Countries1/

Dependency Rates and Private Savings Behavior in Developing Countries1/ »

Source: Dependency Rates and Private Savings Behavior in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1988/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451926361

Keywords: dependency, equation, statistics, optimization, equations

A firm theoretical basis for the empirical relationship between dependency rates and savings behavior in developing countries is still lacking. Two demographic extensions of the representative household’s st...

Aging, Savings, and Pensions in the Group of Seven Countries: 1980-2025

Aging, Savings, and Pensions in the Group of Seven Countries: 1980-2025 »

Source: Aging, Savings, and Pensions in the Group of Seven Countries : 1980-2025

Volume/Issue: 1989/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

ISBN: 9781451924657

Keywords: elderly, private savings, pensions, dependency, pension

In the next 30-40 years, past changes in fertility and mortality will lead to a significant increase in the share of the elderly. This study suggests that these demographic trends may lead to a decline in the G-7 p...

Effects of Long-Run Demographic Changes in a Multi-Country Model*

Effects of Long-Run Demographic Changes in a Multi-Country Model* »

Source: Effects of Long-Run Demographic Changes in a Multi-Country Model

Volume/Issue: 1991/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1991

ISBN: 9781451854534

Keywords: foreign assets, net foreign assets, dependency ratio, dependency ratios, death rates

The macroeconomic effects of population aging are explored using data for the G-7 countries and Australia. The link between changes in birth and mortality rates on the one hand, and dependency ratios on the other,...

The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State »

Source: The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

Volume/Issue: 2002/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Phillip Swagel , Efraim Sadka , and Assaf Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451849004

Keywords: dependency ratio, labor tax, tax rate, dependency, unemployment, social security, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

Data for the United States and countries in Western Europe indicate a negative correlation between the dependency ratio and both labor tax rates and the generosity of social transfers, after controlling for other f...

Implications for Savings of Aging in the Asian 'Tigers'1

Implications for Savings of Aging in the Asian 'Tigers'1 »

Source: Implications for Savings of Aging in the Asian 'Tigers'

Volume/Issue: 1997/136

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Steven Symansky , and Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451855777

Keywords: Aging, Asia, saving, savings, demographics, dependency, elderly, private savings

Significant aging is projected for many high-saving emerging economies of East and Southeast Asia. By 2025, the share of the elderly in their populations will at least double in most of these countries. The share o...

Social Security, Demographic Trends, and the Federal Budget

Social Security, Demographic Trends, and the Federal Budget »

Source: Social Security, Demographic Trends, and the Federal Budget

Volume/Issue: 1990/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1990

ISBN: 9781451924084

Keywords: social security, social security system, aging, social security benefits, dependency

This paper considers the implications of the prospective aging of the U.S. population for the social security system and concludes that the large and growing cashflow surpluses of the social security trust funds sh...

Trade Dependency, Bargaining and External Debt

Trade Dependency, Bargaining and External Debt »

Source: Trade Dependency, Bargaining and External Debt

Volume/Issue: 1988/90

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 1988

ISBN: 9781451951820

Keywords: bargaining, dependency, intermediate products, external finance, bargaining power

This paper analyzes the factors determining the payment on outstanding debt in the presence of partial defaults, and the feasibility of renewed investment. We show that a higher relative size of sectors with lower...