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Fiscal Policy and Private Sector Saving Behavior

Fiscal Policy and Private Sector Saving Behavior »

Source: Fiscal Policy and Private Sector Saving Behavior : Tests of Ricardian Equivalence in Some Developing Economies

Volume/Issue: 1987/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1987

ISBN: 9781451970487

Keywords: taxation, consumption function, disposable income, aggregate demand

Tax or debt financing of a given rate of government expenditures would, according to the now well-known Ricardian Equivalence proposition, have equivalent effects on aggregate demand. Among the reasons for a deviat...

China’s Monetary Policy and Interest Rate Liberalization

China’s Monetary Policy and Interest Rate Liberalization »

Source: China's Monetary Policy and Interest Rate Liberalization : Lessons from International Experiences

Volume/Issue: 2014/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Wei Liao , and Sampawende Tapsoba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2015

Language: Chinese

ISBN: 9781513554303

Keywords: Financial Liberalization, Financial Innovation, and Money Demand Function

China has been moving to a more market oriented financial system, which has implications for the monetary policy environment. The paper investigates the stability of the money demand function (MDF) in light of prog...

China’s Monetary Policy and Interest Rate Liberalization

China’s Monetary Policy and Interest Rate Liberalization »

Source: China's Monetary Policy and Interest Rate Liberalization : Lessons from International Experiences

Volume/Issue: 2014/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Wei Liao , and Sampawende Tapsoba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484366295

Keywords: Financial Liberalization, Financial Innovation, Money Demand Function, financial reforms, financial market, money demand, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects)

China has been moving to a more market oriented financial system, which has implications for the monetary policy environment. The paper investigates the stability of the money demand function (MDF) in light of prog...

Social Welfare and Cost Recovery in Two-Sided Markets

Social Welfare and Cost Recovery in Two-Sided Markets »

Source: Social Welfare and Cost Recovery in Two-Sided Markets

Volume/Issue: 2005/194

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Wilko Bolt , and Alexander Tieman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2005

ISBN: 9781451862133

Keywords: Two-sided markets, social optimum, cost recovery, operational losses, pricing, social welfare, prices, payment systems, demand functions, Market Structure

Using a simple model of two-sided markets, we show that, in the social optimum, platform pricing leads to an inherent cost recovery problem. This result is driven by the positive externality of participation that u...

A Monetary Policy Model Without Money for India1

A Monetary Policy Model Without Money for India1 »

Source: A Monetary Policy Model Without Money for India

Volume/Issue: 2010/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Muneesh Kapur , and Michael Patra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2010

ISBN: 9781455202171

Keywords: IS Curve, Monetary Transmission, Neutral Interest Rate, New Keynesian Model, Phillips Curve, inflation, aggregate demand, real interest rate, monetary policy reaction function, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

A New Keynesian model estimated for India yields valuable insights. Aggregate demand reacts to interest rate changes with a lag of at least three quarters, with inflation taking seven quarters to respond. Inflation...

Fiscal Policy and Private Sector Saving Behavior
			: Tests of Ricardian Equivalence in Some Developing Economies

Fiscal Policy and Private Sector Saving Behavior : Tests of Ricardian Equivalence in Some Developing Economies »

Volume/Issue: 1987/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1987

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451970487.001

ISBN: 9781451970487

Keywords: taxation, consumption function, disposable income, aggregate demand

Tax or debt financing of a given rate of government expenditures would, according to the now well-known Ricardian Equivalence proposition, have equivalent effects on aggregate demand. Among the reasons for a deviat...

The Negative Mean Output Gap

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The Negative Mean Output Gap »

Source: The Negative Mean Output Gap

Volume/Issue: 2019/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , and Simon Voigts

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 2019

ISBN: 9781513511740

Keywords: Accounting systems, Bank rates, Bond yields, Business cycles, Capital, Capital stocks, Central banking, Central banks, Consumption, Cost of capital

We argue that in an economy with downward nominal wage rigidity, the output gap is negative on average. Because it is more difficult to cut wages than to increase them, firms reduce employment more during downturns...

China's Monetary Policy and Interest Rate Liberalization
			: Lessons from International Experiences

China's Monetary Policy and Interest Rate Liberalization : Lessons from International Experiences »

Volume/Issue: 2014/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Wei Liao , and Sampawende Tapsoba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2015

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513554303.001

ISBN: 9781513554303

Keywords: Financial Liberalization, Financial Innovation, and Money Demand Function

China has been moving to a more market oriented financial system, which has implications for the monetary policy environment. The paper investigates the stability of the money demand function (MDF) in light of prog...

China's Monetary Policy and Interest Rate Liberalization
			: Lessons from International Experiences

China's Monetary Policy and Interest Rate Liberalization : Lessons from International Experiences »

Volume/Issue: 2014/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Wei Liao , and Sampawende Tapsoba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484366295.001

ISBN: 9781484366295

Keywords: Financial Liberalization, Financial Innovation, Money Demand Function, financial reforms, financial market, money demand, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects)

China has been moving to a more market oriented financial system, which has implications for the monetary policy environment. The paper investigates the stability of the money demand function (MDF) in light of prog...

Social Welfare and Cost Recovery in Two-Sided Markets

Social Welfare and Cost Recovery in Two-Sided Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2005/194

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Wilko Bolt , and Alexander Tieman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862133.001

ISBN: 9781451862133

Keywords: Two-sided markets, social optimum, cost recovery, operational losses, pricing, social welfare, prices, payment systems, demand functions, Market Structure

Using a simple model of two-sided markets, we show that, in the social optimum, platform pricing leads to an inherent cost recovery problem. This result is driven by the positive externality of participation that u...