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Simple, Implementable Fiscal Policy Rules

Simple, Implementable Fiscal Policy Rules »

Source: Simple, Implementable Fiscal Policy Rules

Volume/Issue: 2009/76

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Kumhof , and Douglas Laxton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872231

Keywords: Fiscal policy rules, balanced budget rules, countercyclical fiscal policy, welfare analysis, tax revenue, fiscal instruments, inflation,

This paper analyzes the scope for systematic rules-based fiscal activism in open economies. Relative to a balanced budget rule, automatic stabilizers significantly improve welfare. But they minimize fiscal instrume...

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2013, Asia and Pacific
			: Shifting Risks, New Foundations for Growth

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2013, Asia and Pacific : Shifting Risks, New Foundations for Growth »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 April 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484360835.086

ISBN: 9781484360835

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Business cycles, Market economies, Human capital, Capital accumulation, Financial crises, Economies, capital inflows, domestic demand, capital flow

Growth in the Asia-Pacific region shows signs of improving as extreme risks emanating from advanced economies have receded and domestic demand remains resilient, supported by relatively easy financial conditions an...

Fiscal Rules and Countercyclical Policy

Fiscal Rules and Countercyclical Policy »

Source: Fiscal Rules and Countercyclical Policy : Frank Ramsey Meets Gramm-Rudman-Hollings

Volume/Issue: 2003/220

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Evan Tanner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451875225

Keywords: Ramsey approach, tax smoothing, countercyclical policy, primary deficit, tax rates, tax rate, fiscal rules, fiscal rule,

Fiscal rules—legal restrictions on government borrowing, spending, or debt accumulation (like the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act in the United States)—have recently been adopted or considered in several co...

Fiscal Policy Through Time-Varying Tax Rates

Fiscal Policy Through Time-Varying Tax Rates »

Source: Fiscal Policy Through Time-Varying Tax Rates : If and How

Volume/Issue: 2000/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Kaufman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2000

ISBN: 9781451858419

Keywords: Counter-cyclical fiscal policy, credit constraint, hyperbolic discounting, tax rate, labor income

This paper investigates if there are circumstances where time-varying tax rates could improve welfare and whether such policy can effectively be implemented in practice. While, in principle, variable taxes could im...

Anchor Me: The Benefits and Challenges of Fiscal Responsibility

Anchor Me: The Benefits and Challenges of Fiscal Responsibility »

Source: Anchor Me: The Benefits and Challenges of Fiscal Responsibility

Volume/Issue: 2019/70

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498302937

Keywords: Economic stabilization, Fiscal policy, National budgets, Budgetary policy, Fiscal stimulus, procyclicality, structural budget balances, fiscal rules, output gap, countercyclical

This paper discusses the benefits and challenges of implementing a rule-based fiscal responsibility framework, using the Philippines as a case study. It estimates structural measures of the fiscal stance over the p...

Cyclical Fiscal Rules for Oil-Exporting Countries

Cyclical Fiscal Rules for Oil-Exporting Countries »

Source: Cyclical Fiscal Rules for Oil-Exporting Countries

Volume/Issue: 2013/229

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephen Snudden

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2013

ISBN: 9781475514018

Keywords: Fiscal policy rules, countercyclical fiscal policy, macroeconomic policy, oil price, oil, fiscal rule, fiscal authority, tax revenues, Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary or Stabilization Policy, Open Economy Macroeconomics

Structural budget-balance rules with countercyclical elements appear well suited to stabilize the macroeconomic volatility of oil-exporting countries and have been used successfully by other commodity exporters. Us...

Fiscal Rules and the Sovereign Default Premium

Fiscal Rules and the Sovereign Default Premium »

Source: Fiscal Rules and the Sovereign Default Premium

Volume/Issue: 2012/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Carlos Hatchondo , Francisco Roch , and Leonardo Martinez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463933159

Keywords: debt ceiling, sovereign default premium, debt exchange, countercyclical policy, endogenous borrowing constraints, long-term debt, debt, interest, fiscal rule, International Lending and Debt Problems

This paper finds optimal fiscal rule parameter values and measures the effects of imposing fiscal rules using a default model calibrated to an economy that in the absence of a fiscal rule pays a significant soverei...

State-Contingent Debt Instruments for Sovereigns

State-Contingent Debt Instruments for Sovereigns »

Source: State-Contingent Debt Instruments for Sovereigns

Volume/Issue: 2017/023

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 May 2017

ISBN: 9781498346818

Keywords: Bonds, Financial instruments, Fiscal policy, Fiscal risk, Investment, Risk management, Sovereign debt, Multilateral development institutions, Economic conditions, Development

Background. The case for sovereign state-contingent debt instruments (SCDIs) as a countercyclical and risk-sharing tool has been around for some time and remains appealing; but take-up has been limited. Earlier sta...

IMF Discussed State - Contingent Debt Instruments

IMF Discussed State - Contingent Debt Instruments »

Source: State-Contingent Debt Instruments for Sovereigns

Volume/Issue: 2017/023

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 May 2017

ISBN: 9781498346818

Keywords: Bonds, Financial instruments, Fiscal policy, Fiscal risk, Investment, Risk management, Sovereign debt, Multilateral development institutions, Economic conditions, Development

Background. The case for sovereign state-contingent debt instruments (SCDIs) as a countercyclical and risk-sharing tool has been around for some time and remains appealing; but take-up has been limited. Earlier sta...

The Motives to Borrow

The Motives to Borrow »

Source: The Motives to Borrow

Volume/Issue: 2019/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Fatás , Atish Ghosh , Ugo Panizza , and Andrea Presbitero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498312103

Keywords: Domestic debt, Economic growth, Economic recovery, Real interest rates, Domestic currency debt, Sovereign Debt, Political Economy, Fiscal Policy, Growth, debt-to-GDP ratio

Governments issue debt for good and bad reasons. While the good reasons-intertemporal tax-smoothing, fiscal stimulus, and asset management-can explain some of the increases in public debt in recent years, they cann...